Physiological Changes Due To Risperdal Essay

866 words - 3 pages

Physiological Changes Due to Risperdal

Hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, psychosis and thought disorder
are all symptoms of Schizophrenia and people who suffer from these
symptoms seek the treatment of atypical anti-psychotic medications.
Those medicines include Risperidone (Risperdal), Clozapine (Clozaril)
, Ziprasidone (Geodon) and Quetiapine(Seroquel). The purpose of
these medications is to alleviate symptoms of Schizophrenia and
lessen the chances of a recurrence. The basic function of Atypical
Antipsychotics is to reduce the effects of blockage in the dopamine
receptors and serotonin and allow communication between nerve cells.
Dopamine is thought to be relevant in Schizophrenic symptoms and
Antipsychotic medications act against these symptoms. While there may
the reward of reducing Schizophrenic symptoms there are risks that
come along with taking such drugs as Risperidone (Risperdal) and
Quietiapine (Seroquel). Commons side effects that exist while taking
Risperidone are dizziness, nausea, tiredness and hyperactivity. More
serious conditions may include Orthostatic Hypotension which is an
extreme drop in blood pressure. Patients may also experience Syncope
which is related to Hypotension in that a person may experience a
loss of consciousness or fainting. Quietiapine can also cause
Hypotension, but with the long term use of this drug it can cause
Tardive Dyskinesia which is involuntary movements of the lips, jaw
and tongue. The features of this condition are tongue protrusion,
lip smacking, rapid eye blinking and rapid arm movements. In the most
extreme cases Risperidone has been said to cause galactorrhea which
is breast growth in males and a secretion of breast milk. In the
article A Troubled History by Carol Marbin Miller of the Miami Herald
she reports of case about the common use of Risperidone among
children in state care. Florida Foster children had been given
Risperdal by foster care providers as "a chemical restraint whose
unruly behaviors were a frustration to caretakers." Antoinette R.
Appel, a plantation Neuropsychologist studied the records of 50 South
Florida foster children taking Risperdal and said, " Many of the
children developed severe side-effects, including obesity, lethargy,
lack of concentration, hormonal disorders and the inappropriate
development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as lactating
breasts in boys and girls." A child identified as M.W. won a Florida
Supreme court case after doctors forced him to take Risperdal and he
developed lactating breasts. The judge's ruling was that foster
children can not be locked up in psychiatric hospitals without a
hearing. In a case of Dissociative Catatonia treated with Risperidone
a 22 year old man identified as W.N. had symptoms of immobility,
mutism and waxy flexibility and stuporous five days after entering a
psychiatric hospital. He was given Lorazepam...

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