This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Physiology Of Stretching Essay

613 words - 3 pages

Physiology of Stretching
Stretching is helpful in the aspect that it helps to improve flexibility, athletic performance, and reduces the risk of injury during physical activity. It is also helpful in the process of realigning tissue inside of muscle fibers (Lynn Hetzler). The stretching itself, however, is actually a complicated process.
A muscle is composed of numerous strands of tissue, referred to as fascicles. Each one of these fascicles are made up of bundles of muscle fibers (Lynn Hetzler). The muscle fibers are then made up of tens of thousands of myofibrils. Myofibrils are thread-like structures that are able to contract, relax, and stretch. Sacromeres, which are millions of thick and thin myofilaments laid end-to-end, overlapping. This causes muscles contraction, which in turn, causes an increase in myofilament overlap. In contrast, relaxing a muscle causes a decrease in myofilament overlap. When there is a decrease in myofilament overlap, the muscle fibers are allowed to elongate. This is the point where sarcomeres are at their maximum length (Lynn Hetzler). If any additional stretching occurs, the tension is applied to the ligaments (which connect the muscle to the bone).
In muscles, there are things called proprioceptors. Proprioceptors are nerve endings that relay all the information about the musculoskeletal system to the Central Nervous System (Rebecca Booth B.A.). Stretch receptors are the major proprioceptors in the muscle, with the major stretch receptor of the muscles being called muscle spindles. The proprioceptors that are located in the tendons are called golgi tendon organs.
Proprioceptors are important components of the body’s stretch reflexes, which are built-in safety mechanisms that prevent us from injuring our muscles and joints (canadianfitnessonline.net). There are two major stretch reflexes, the myotatic stretch reflex and the inverse mytotatic...

Find Another Essay On Physiology of Stretching

Trigger point therapy Essay

1312 words - 6 pages injection therapy) and non-invasive groups (as ultrasound, stretching and ischaemic compression) (Aguilera et al., 2009). One significant technique used to treat trigger point is ischaemic compression (Nguyen, 2010). According to Fryer and Hodgson (2005), ischaemic compression technique is also referred as ‘manual pressure release’ or ‘trigger point pressure release’ and, as the names suggest, is based on the manual pressure on the painful spot of

Physical Therapy Essay

1998 words - 8 pages ages 21 and up). Ultrasound is used to relieve pain and reduce swelling. Traction can also be used along with deep tissue massage( "Administers massage, applying knowledge of massage techniques and body physiology(OOH 238).") depending upon where the area is on the body. Some therapists will stretch a patient to his/her limits pain permitting. This allows the patient to heal and increase flexibility. "Stretching can increase your flexibility.They

Respiratory Diseases: Emphysema

795 words - 3 pages to open the air passageways. In a best, or worst, case scenario for one individual I know is if her emphysema worsens, but overall health maintains, she may qualify for a lung transplant. Like those elastic pants, once the fibers are stretched, there is no “un-stretching” them; you have to replace it with a brand new band of elastic. Quite honestly, I don’t know what else I can do that I don’t already do to stay healthy. My parents were smokers

What´s Dilated Cardiomyopathy?

1441 words - 6 pages . As anesthesia providers, it is important to have an understanding of the pathophysiology of DCM and its anesthetic implication. This topic will focus on anatomy and physiology of DCM, the effects it has on the anesthetic plan, and a review of current literature. Anatomy and Physiology Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy will often have normal thickness of the ventricles with an enlarged right, left, or both ventricular cavities. In the early

Exercise, Health and Disease Case Study Report Project

1599 words - 7 pages can be unrealistic to ask an individual to attend a pool on a daily basis and will fit in around the upper body program. Strength and flexibility exercises were also prescribed to be done at home on a daily basis. The review by Dressendorfer and Granado (2013) recommends strengthening of the quadriceps and hamstring muscles as well as stretching these muscles to help improve ROM. Suggested exercise included body weight squats, lunges and low

Managing Pain From Irritable Bowel Syndrome

1680 words - 7 pages endings cause pain. Such stimuli include spasm of the smooth muscle, distention, or stretching of the ligament. This pain is not localized; rather it is a distant site. Dangerous warning signs or circumstances are important, nociceptor pathways are involved in transmitting these signals and some are made redundant. Pain activates many brain areas, such as sensation, perception, emotion, memory and motor reaction. Part of the dorsal horn contains

Short Answer

1236 words - 5 pages changes to the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system in healthy elderly adults (over 65 years) 1.The most significant change in the thorax is the barrel-shaped chest, which is the increase of the anteroposterior diameter in thorax, the diameter becomes smaller and the ratio of the anteroposterior diameter and the diameter increase. This is due to the degeneration of the spine and osteoporosis; the compressed of the vertebrae front is

Chinese medicine History

1249 words - 5 pages ofChinese medicine. The first that will be covered is Tui Na or massage. Itcontains elements and techniques that are very different from the common(western) ideas of massage. In these massage techniques the practitioner triesto affect the physiology and energetics of the body and the mind of thepatient.(19)Tui Na is practiced slowly with an emphasis on the practitioner and theclient being in a meditative state. Stretching and extending the range

Analysis and Description of Aquatic Therapy

1058 words - 4 pages (Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Kinesiotherapy, Recreation Therapy, Athletic Training, Exercise Physiology, Aquatic Exercise, Massage Therapy, Physical Education and Adapted Aquatics). The ATRI certification verifies that therapists are competent and knowledgeable in the industry standards for aquatic therapy and rehabilitation. Eligibility to take the ATRI certification exam includes completing 15 hours of education in aquatic therapy

The Physiological Effects on Aging by Exercise: (predominance of aerobics)and the correlation in slowing the aging process

2914 words - 12 pages routine.Again, the resistance to injury alone makes weight training worth-while for runners. The ultimate goal, though, is to train more intensely to forestall the effects of aging on performance. In order to maintain a flexible muscular system, a consistent stretching program that incorporates an exercise for each of the major areas of the body should also be adopted. Studies have shown that at any age with proper training both retention of lean muscle mass

EXERCISE AND AGING: A Qualitative Correlation

2923 words - 12 pages benefit from following such a routine.Again, the resistance to injury alone makes weight training worthwhile for runners. The ultimate goal, though, is to train more intensely to forestall the effects of aging on performance. In order to maintain a flexible muscular system, a consistent stretching program that incorporates an exercise for each of the major areas of the body should also be adopted. Studies have shown that at any age with proper

Similar Essays

Warming Up And Cooling Down In Physical Education Classes

1599 words - 6 pages protocols. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 11, 279-285. Murphy, J. R., Di Santo, M. C., Alkanani, T., Behm, D. G. (2010) Aerobic activity before and following short duration static stretching improves range of motion and performance vs. a traditional warm-up. Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism,35(5), 679-690 Avest, E. 2010, November. Warm-up provision in field hockey: a comparison between literature and practice. Unpublished

Outline To Developing Cardio Respiratory Endurance, Speed And Reaction Time

1585 words - 7 pages Long- term goal_ - To develop cardio respiratory endurance and to improve their speed, and their reaction time. Session 1-Basketball chest pass relay: Session 1 Goal: To improve your speed, and develop good skills using the proper cues of the chest pass. Number of students- 12 Warm Up- Two lap around the gym and Static Stretching. Equipment -: Basketball, and Cones Activity-: After the students is finish with their warm up

Sports Medicine Injuries And Physicians Essay

1334 words - 6 pages of Sports Medicine was established and is the largest and most prominent college in sports medicine. It teaches students in physical therapy, athletic training, physiology, and more. In 1991, the American Society of Sports Medicine was established and dedicated to research, education, and collaboration of sports medicine. Injuries can easily happen right before or during a sporting event if not stretched or warmed up correctly. Warm up techniques

Effects Of Foam Rolling Compared To A Dynamic Warm Up On Vertical Jump Performance

2780 words - 12 pages different intensities. The subject’s perception of how they will like or dislike the use of foam rolling could alter the subject’s motivation and thus performance. The subject’s motivation can also fluctuate from one performance session to another based on the subject’s mood. Works Cited Behm, D.G., & Chaouachi, A. A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance. European journal of applied physiology, 111(11), 2633