Piaget's Belief That Children Construst Their Understanding Of The World Differently Than Adults

953 words - 4 pages

Piaget's Belief that Children Construst Their Understanding of the World Differently than Adults


Piaget believed that children actively construct their understanding of the world in radically different ways from adults. He further believed that children's minds develop through a series of stages in which they form increasingly complex schemas that organize their past experiences and provide a framework for understanding future experiences.
In the sensorimotor stage, 0-2 years, children experience their world through their senses and actions. During this stage, object permanence (and stranger anxiety) develop.
In the preoperational stage, 2-7 years, children are able to use language but lack logical reasoning. During this stage, symbolic thought, egocentrism, Irreversibility, centration and conservation develops.
In the concrete operational stage,7-11 years, children are able to think logically about concrete events and perform mathematical operations.
The formal operational stage, 12 through adulthood, is characterized by abstract and systematic reasoning, as well as by the potential for mature moral reasoning.
Criticism - Today's researchers see development as more continuous than did Piaget. For example, object permanence, conservation, and the abilities to take another's perspective and perform mental operations unfold gradually and are not utterly absent in one stage and then suddenly present. Researchers also believe that Piaget underestimated young children's competence. They have found rudiments of various cognitive abilities at an earlier age than Piaget supposed.
In many ways, however, Piaget's theory continues to receive support. Despite variations in the rate at which children develop, research reveals that human cognition everywhere unfolds in the basic sequence he proposed.

Since you are apparently in good psychological health, according to the psychoanalytic perspective you must have experienced a healthy childhood and successfully passed Freud's stages of psychosexual development. Freud would also say that your ego is functioning well in balancing the demands of your id with the restraining demands of your superego and reality. Freud might also say that your honest nature reflects a well-developed superego, while Jung might say it derives from a universal value found in our collective unconscious.
Trait theorists would be less concerned with explaining these specific characteristics than with describing them, determining their consistency, and classifying your personality type. Some trait theorists, such as Allport, Eysenck, and Kagan, attribute certain trait differences to biological factors such as autonomic reactivity and heredity.
According to the humanistic perspective, your open and honest nature indicates that your basic needs have been met and you are in the process of self-actualization (Maslow). Furthermore, your openness indicates that you have a healthy self-concept and were likely nurtured by...

Find Another Essay On Piaget's Belief that Children Construst Their Understanding of the World Differently than Adults

The United States is one of a few countries that separates female prisoners from their children. Discuss

512 words - 2 pages The United States is one of a few countries that separate female prisoners from their children, and the amount of the female prisoners has been increasing. That has been becoming one of the most serious problems about our society. Now there is a controversy concerning the way we should respond to that problem. Some people think that we should not build these child care facilities because they believe it just wastes our tax money. But others

Too Young For Life? - Should age be the basis on which young people are discriminated? Do adults really know that much more than young adults and does that make them better people?

1665 words - 7 pages discriminated.As a retail employee I find that I do not receive the amount of respect I deserve because of my age. Part of my job is to greet people and offer them assistance. I don't think anyone realizes that I have to this and I don't just get a kick out of hassling people to try on clothes and buy them. I don't know, maybe adults think they will know more about my store than I do and that they can help themselves. They don't need my help because I couldn't

Is socialisation something that parents do to their children?

1615 words - 6 pages Is socialisation something that parents do to their children?Socialisation is an interactive and dynamic process by which children make sense of their lives. It is the process through which a child becomes an active competent participant in one or more communities.How much of this process is carried out fundamentally by parents, and how much by other "sets" of people a child comes into contact with, will be the subject of this essay. The extent

Different Methods That Parents Use to Raise Their Children

1865 words - 7 pages control and warmth differ. While there may be some benefits to parenting styles other than authoritative, these alternative methods prove to be more harmful than helpful overall. Of the four parenting styles, it is evident that neglectful parenting damages children the most. Children of neglect face emotional, mental, and behavioral problems as a result of how their parents treat them. When a parent provides only food and shelter but no guidance

The status of Asylum Seekers in the UK The dissertation focuses on the provision of public services to asylum seekers and refugees, emphasizing that less than equitable access has functioned against...

7554 words - 30 pages Untitled The status of Asylum Seekers in the UK Description of this piece: The dissertation focuses on the provision of public services to asylum seekers and refugees, emphasizing that less than equitable access has functioned against their successful integration into British society and their assimilation of British culture. Given that the primary cause of demographic and population changes in the country since 1998 has been

Stop the Sequals!!! This essay issues the concerns that many box offic hit movies are ruined because of the effects of their counterparts. Sequals tend never to be better than the originals

643 words - 3 pages Geography is: the interaction between people and the environmentWhat: the process of why things came from, where they are.Who cares: how we misuse and mistreat the environment2 Kinds of geography: physical and human, people relate everything to geographyPhysical geography is concerned with:a)Description: spatial distribution of physical entities (where of things)b)Explanation: processes that brought patterns into existence (why)c)Prediction: can

Parents that go back to school create a positive learning environment for their children

1396 words - 6 pages I started going back to college a couple of semesters ago and I immediately noticed that when I was doing my homework, readings or discussions; my children started sitting with me at the kitchen table eager to do their homework. It used to be a chore to have my children sit down and concentrate on their academics as they wanted to go play, but now their main focus when coming home from school is to sit with Daddy and do their homework with me

Critically assess the view put forward by linguist Noam Chomsky that children are "predisposed", to learn language with ease because their brains contain "language acquisition devices"

1433 words - 6 pages discovered that although the motor and language development is comparatively slower in Down syndrome children, the correlation between motor and language development is as high as it is in the case of normal children. In other words, all human beings acquire language, regardless of their intelligence. Thus, it strongly suggests the dominant role of maturation and heredity. However, like other theories that are constructed basing on unobservable

Catcher in the Rye Theme:Human beings are advised not to judge books by their covers, rather that they should look further than the obvious and try to apprehend the implied meaning

1892 words - 8 pages Catcher in the Rye's pallid cover, adorned only with seven multicolored bands in its upper-left corner, is not what one would call eye-catching. Its reverse side lacks criticisms or reviews of any sort; in fact, it is bare of anything except a copyright date. Human beings are advised not to judge books by their covers, rather that they should look further than the obvious and try to apprehend the implied meaning. The world has peered past

understanding of the world

631 words - 3 pages free exploration, rather than being driven by the end product of the activity. This was found to be the case when in the practitioner’s experience, through the confidence to allow the planning to be led in a different direction, the focus became the texture and sound of the leaves while collection took place, leading to deeper discussions and heuristic understanding by the child. Farmery(2002) refers to how for the child, science is about the

The Critique of Piaget's Theories

2279 words - 9 pages The Critique of Piaget's Theories Jean Piaget (1896 – 1980) was a constructivist theorist. He saw children as constructing their own world, playing an active part in their own development. Piaget’s insight opened up a new window into the inner working of the mind and as a result he carried out some remarkable studies on children that had a powerful influence on theories of child thought. This essay is going to explain

Similar Essays

National Governments Should Devote More Of Their Social Programs And Services To Children Than To Adults

560 words - 2 pages . Any adults were grown up from the children and adolescents, and absolutely know that the prospect of the nation is wholly determinated by these descendents. When we were young, as we can remember, adults always take the view of hope to us, and regard us as the rising sun in the morning in spite of the naivete and innocence of us at that time. Parents hold the wish for their children to take the excellent education, make virtuous friends, gain the

Miracles Identify A Philosopher And Examine Their Understanding Of The Term Miracle. Examine Arguments That Can Be Used To Discredit Belief In Miracles. How Is Belief In Miracles Still Strong?

2604 words - 10 pages broken at all. A suggestion by John Hick implies that if a natural law were to be broken, that this occurrence may be nothing more than something out of the ordinary occurring or perhaps something unexplainable. Therefore, he says, these events which may have occurred due to the breach of a natural law, do not earn the right to be called miracles. Additionally, with the progression of science, our understanding of nature and the world around us

The Sexualization Of Youth And The Effects That It Has On Children, Teenagers And On Adults

1687 words - 7 pages SUMMARY This report investigates the sexualisation of youth and the effects that it has on children, teenagers and on adults. I will be first telling you a bit about the sexualisation of youth and a brief description of what it actually is and who it is affecting. The discussion then focuses on the advantages and disadvantage of the changes that have happened over the years to the sexualisation of children teenagers and even to adults

Is Vaccinating The Public For Diseases (Such As Influenza (In Adults) And Measles (In Children)) Harmful To Their Health?

997 words - 4 pages In a survey conducted recently (2010) amongst parents of children about the overall balance of the possible risks and benefits of required vaccinations for their infants and children, about two-thirds of the parents (67%) replied that benefits outweigh risks, 23% indicated that the risks and benefits are equally balanced, and the remaining 10% reported that the risks outweigh benefits. (Health Policy Survey 2010) “A vaccine is a biological