This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Piaget Versus Vygotsky: Child Development Competing Theories On How Children Develop, Either Independently Or Through Interacting With Others.

991 words - 4 pages

Every adult alive has developed from a simple cognitive to a more advanced one, but accepted theories that explain how this occurs are still at odds with one another. The major disagreements are about whether changes are brought about as primarily a result of the child working out solutions to problems internally, or changes in the individual are the result of negotiations between the child and the external world. Two of the more notable theories, Piaget's Constructivist Theory of cognitive development and Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory of cognitive development, are not mutually exclusive in every respect; however, they do characterize the dissimilarity between two prominent schools of the thought.Piaget viewed the development of the child's cognitive ability as a four-stage process. Children would move up through the stages in a fixed order. He assigned estimations of age for each of the four stages, but did not see the process as connected to specific ages. For example, if one child had been taken on trips around the world, spent much time in museums, and read many books, she might be prepared to move up to the next stage at an earlier age than a child who spent his time playing video games and watching tv all day. Piaget accounted for varying levels of preparedness by explaining that each child possessed a schema, and that a child could not move to the next stage until his or her schema was at a threshold level. Schemata were expanded through what Piaget termed as assimilation (adding to prior knowledge) and accommodation (changing prior knowledge to fit new information). In this manner, children adapt to situations in response to their need for equilibrium (solving dilemmas; mastering skills). A soccer player who wishes to be a scorer, but lacks aiming skills, may practice at shooting at the goal until she assimilates knowledge of which angle to shoot from and how hard to kick the ball. When she adjusts her tactic (via accommodation) and score a goal, she moves from disequilibrium to equilibrium. Physical maturation, activities, and socializing with peers to learn from them are all factors that can or do promote growth in schema.Vygotsky perceived the process of cognitive development as less segmented and rigid than Piaget had. He believed that children learned from in two ways: from tools and from more capable peers and adults. Tools could be anything in the environment that children use to help them advance intellectually(e.g., the internet, cultural artifacts). He advocated that children be placed in learning contexts which were raised just slightly above their existing ability so that they would step up to reach the next level. For Vygotsky, learning was a social process from the beginning. Children learned only by interacting with adults, not with peers who were at there level of cognition. The adult provides the child with assisted learning and scaffolding until the zone of proximal development has been removed. An example of this...

Find Another Essay On Piaget Versus Vygotsky: Child Development--Competing theories on how children develop, either independently or through interacting with others.

Constructivist Child Development Theories Essay

2772 words - 11 pages other sounds which are not reinforced will disappear. This practitioner believes that a good knowledge of theoretical perspectives and an awareness of how to link these theories to daily practice can improve, support and develop professional practice. Many of the theorists appear to contradict each other, it is now widely accepted that there is no right or wrong idea when dealing with children. Child development is a process, not a race. Each child

Theories of Child Development Essay

1095 words - 4 pages Theories abound around how people develop emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. This essay will examine the theories of five leaders on the subject of development. Jean Piaget believed in four stages of development that were fairly concrete in description (Atherton, 2010). 1. Sensorimotor stage (birth – 2 years old) – Children begin to make sense of the world around them based on their interaction with their physical

Research on the Cognitive & Moral Development Theories of Jean Piaget & Lawrence Kohlberg

2691 words - 11 pages Running head: PIAGET & KOHLBERGResearch on the Cognitive & Moral Development Theories of Jean Piaget & Lawrence KohlbergDonna O. O'ConnorInternational University of the CaribbeanAbstractThe intention of this paper is to provide an overview of the psychological theories of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. While Piaget's perspective was psychological, Kholberg's viewpoint was psychological with emphasis placed on moral development

Research on the Cognitive & Moral Development Theories of Jean Piaget & Lawrence Kohlberg

2691 words - 11 pages Running head: PIAGET & KOHLBERGResearch on the Cognitive & Moral Development Theories of Jean Piaget & Lawrence KohlbergDonna O. O'ConnorInternational University of the CaribbeanAbstractThe intention of this paper is to provide an overview of the psychological theories of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. While Piaget's perspective was psychological, Kholberg's viewpoint was psychological with emphasis placed on moral development

Biography on Jean Piaget--This is an Essay on Jean Piaget it is written for my child development class. It is in APA style

1095 words - 4 pages used on objects in their current environment. He said that each person with normal intelligence will go through those changes and develop their own schemas and put them to use to new objects. Each stage has critical ideas that the children are supposed to learn in order to think and make sense of what is going on around them.Piaget theories have developed out think about children's thinking and it has dared psychologists and educators to focus

Influence of Nature Versus Nurture on Child Development

1334 words - 5 pages drinking alcohol and smoking, they often reinforce the other’s risky behavior. According to Feldman (2009), Vygotsky's sociocultural theory is stress how cognitive development proceeds as a result of social interactions between members of culture. Vygotsky argued that children’s understanding of the world is learned through their problem-solving interactions with adults and other children. As children play and cooperate with others, they learn

Examines the effects of pets on child development along with the pros and cons of a household pet on children

1474 words - 6 pages More than half of all U.S. households have a companion animal. Households with children are more likely to have pets but there are still more pets in American households then there are children. Pets are believed to be beneficial on physical, social, and psychological health. I will specifically examine the effects of pets on child development along with the pros and cons of a household pet on children.History has proved that animals play a

Critically examine the contribution of Jean Piaget to our understanding of child development

1317 words - 5 pages This essay shall examine the contribution of Jean Piaget to our understanding of child development. Until the mid 1900's psychologists had no useful theory for explaining how children's minds change as they age. Psychologists interested in this field either has to study it in relation to behaviourism, which emphasises that children merely receive information from the environment, or in relation to the IQ testing approach, which emphasises

What Contribution Did Jean Piaget Make To The Understanding Of Child Development

2112 words - 9 pages : Does the moon move or not?Child: When we go, it goes.Adult: What makes it move?Child: We do.Adult: How?Child: When we walk. It goes by itself(Piaget, 1929, pp.146-7)This is a typical example of how Piaget conducts his interview with children is his experimenting with. This and more techniques were widely used by Piaget in his attempt to understand the development of the child. To demonstrate how Piaget conducted his research the author will now go

Show How Cultural Factors Can Influence Child Development And Why It Is Important For Children's Services Workers To Have An Understanding Of The Cultural Background Of The Children With Whom They...

4403 words - 18 pages /classes/psych490/spring2001/culture.htmlWorld Development Board- Multicultural Resources (N.D). [on line] Available http://WWW.wdb.org/multcult.htmlShow How Cultural Factors Can Influence Child Development And Why It Is Important For Children's Services Workers To Have An Understanding Of The Cultural Background Of The Children With Whom They Work.Human development research indicates that relatively stable, predictable sequences of growth and change

Developmental Differences Between Autistic Children And Normal Child Development

1063 words - 5 pages children keeps them socially miles apart from each other while in a normal child it is so hard to find. Children with autism typically have difficulty seeking communication partners due to language and social deficits. They do not know how to initiate and maintain a conversation using words or other forms of communication. On the other hand, this is not the case with a normal child as he/she usually likes to be engaged in all activities with the

Similar Essays

Cognitive Development Theory: Piaget Vs. Vygotsky

1751 words - 7 pages throughout the years. Although Vygotsky and Piaget both have theories of cognitive development, they agree on only a few points.Piaget and Vygotsky are both considered to be constructivists. Constructivism is an approach to intelligence and learning based on the premise that cognition is the result of " the mental construction of ideas with building blocks of information". Said another way, students learn by connecting new information together with

Piaget And Vygotsky: The Psychology Of Cognitive Development

1886 words - 8 pages Piaget’s (1926) and Lev Vygotksy’s (1978). A common understanding between the two rest on the idea that cognitive development in children occurs through stages, however, their approach in identifying these stages highly differ (in Smith P.K. et al., 2003). Piaget’s account of cognitive development has been one of the many influential theories of time, receiving great recognition and popularity. According to Piaget children possess an innate

"Lite Brite" And Cognitive Development From Piaget And Vygotsky

1846 words - 7 pages people. Piaget's theory does not focus on this obviously very important part of the learning process, while Vygotsky does not break down cognitive development into stages like Piaget. Vygotsky also does not specify the structure or schemes of the information that we gather. In the context of the learning situation associated with Lite Brite, it is apparent that both theories have many merits. The two theories vary to a great degree, but when used together to examine cognitive development, they successfully outline the mental process a human goes through in becoming a fully functionally adult.

Piaget, Skinner And Vygotsky's Theories On Images Of Children In Teaching And Learning

2199 words - 9 pages ’ displays this in social interaction of learning with people and the child as being received as a person, a right of action and having power of being an active and eager learner how is capable of learning and being taught through the four stages. Vygotsky and Bruner also agree with Piaget in children develops differently and construct their understanding of learning at different ages of life but not through Piaget’s stages of development (McDevitt