Picking Anton Chekov Out Of An Orchard Of Playwrights

943 words - 4 pages

Anton Chekov was born in Taganrog, a port town in Rostov Oblast, Southern Russia on January 29, 1860. He was the third child born to Yevgenia Yakovlevna Morozov and Pavel Yegorovitch. Chekov grew up in a loving environment along with his five other siblings despite facing financial difficulties. Chekov and his siblings worked vigorously to help their father run his shop. However, the children still managed to enjoy their childhood by participating in social activities such as fishing, tennis as well as visiting their grandfather in the country. He attended the University of Moscow in 1879 to study medicine and graduated in 1884. He practiced medicine throughout the rest of his lifespan as ...view middle of the document...

Other tragedies Chekov endured during his lifetime included witnessing the brutal conditions suffered by the 10,000 imprisoned people of the Tsar’s penal colony on the island of Sakhalin, losing his bother Nikolay to tuberculosis under his care, downplaying his suffering from tuberculosis while visiting family or attempting to fight the cholera breakout, as well as living through the Russian Revolution.
Chekov lived during a very historic time in Russia’s history. During this time span, surrounding the publication of The Cherry Orchard in 1904, Russia was undergoing national and political change. Russia lost the Russo-Japanese War to Japan, Russia’s expansion in industrial development caused a large increase the Russian working class who demanded for more fairly represented and regulated working conditions, the introduction of Marxism, as well as the Emancipation Reform of 1861. Serfs were granted full rights of free citizenship under the Emancipation Reform of 1861. It liquidated a serf’s dependence upon his or her landlord. It is deemed as one of the first and most noteworthy reforms which was implemented during the reign of Russian Emperor Alexander II. It liberated over 23 million individuals. However, the emancipation’s implementation was postponed in large cities such as Georgia until 1864. It was also not fully applied to state-owned serfs until 1866. This demonstrates the nobles struggle to maintain full aristocracy existed despite government ruling. Furthermore, according to the Emancipation Manifesto of 1861, serfs were granted the ability to purchase and own land from landlords. This was a big achievement for serfs because not only did the Manifesto grant Russian peasants their liberty, it allowed for them to gain economic title was well.
The Cherry Orchard revolves heavily on Russia’s Emancipation Reform...

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