Pigs Gain Power With Propaganda In George Orwell's Animal Farm

1969 words - 8 pages

People desire dominance; to fulfill their craving, manipulators use propagandic methods to maneuver and manage their audience’s mind. Propaganda is a communication method which creates certain feelings and motivates specific actions (Stults). In George Orwells’ Animal Farm, the animals of the farm plan on living in peaceful equality after overthrowing their human leaders, but the intelligent, cunning pigs seize the farm’s defenseless leadership. Orwell wrote Animal Farm as an allegorical “fairy story” (“Preface” 6) resembling the Russian Revolt during the 1900’s. An important similarity between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution is the propaganda techniques the leaders used to acquire their power. By gaining trust, covering the truth, and threatening, the pigs retain power and authority above the other animals.
George Orwell wrote Animal Farm to parallel the events of the Russian Revolution. Orwell knew how much power words can have, and he shows how words can be used to greatly manipulate people or things in his allegory. Orwell learned from personal experiences the depth of control totalitarian propaganda held over people in democratic places. Orwell explains in his essay "Why I Write" that he directly and indirectly tells his political views, anti-totalitarianism and pro-Democratic socialism, through Animal Farm; he wrote the novel with disappointment and bitterness against the Russian government. World War I split the Russian government and the people. Riots broke out due to food shortages, and people shouted, "Down with the czar!" The imperial army sided with the revolutionaries, and the czar surrendered. Russia was now a republic ("Animal Farm" Literature 16). In 1917, Joseph Marx inspired socialism, and Joseph Lenin succeeded the philosopher. In the novel, Old Major supposedly portrays both men. After Lenin’s passing, Leon Trotsky was obviously to be the successor. Surprisingly, Trotsky, depicted by Snowball, had to face the inconspicuous Joseph Stalin at the elections of 1927. Not long after, Trotsky was accused of being a leftist and banished from the Soviet Union. In 1928, the Party used Trotsky's Five-Year Plans, like Napoleon had done to Snowball and his windmill plans in Animal Farm (16). The successful Russia was under totalitarianism, run by Stalin: life was supervised and controlled by the government. The Communist Party had a third of its membership expelled in the 1930s, for supposedly being with Trotsky. The Party and the government were accusing Bolsheviks of crimes against the state, and every Bolshevik confessed to these crimes, resulting in execution. This situation is almost identical to Napoleon’s punishments in Chapter 7. In 1939, Stalin and Hitler signed a non-aggression pact in 1939 that agreed to split Poland. Only a week after the pact was signed, World War II began when Germany invaded Poland. In the beginning of the war, Stalin betrayed the British and French, who are also known as Pilkington and Frederick in...

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