Ping Technology Essay

1188 words - 5 pages

MAKALAH"TEKNOLOGI PING"Disusun oleh:Anindita Ratna Ningratri (X-11/03)SMA NEGERI 1 LAWANG2012/2013BAB I PENDAHULUANLatar BelakangPengembangan Teknologi Informasi kini kian pesat menjadikan kebutuhan akan komputer dan perangkat teknologi lainnya yang berkaitan dengan Teknologi Informasi semakin menjadi kebutuhan tersendiri. Perangkat-perangkat teknologi yang berkembang saat ini tidak terlepas dari kebutuhan akan internet. Namun, kita juga harus bisa mengecek apakah komputer kita sudah terhubung dengan komputer lain di internet atau belum. Oleh karena itu kami akan mencoba membahas tentang "Teknologi PING".TujuanPembuatan Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui cara mengecek konektivitas suatu komputer dengan komputer lain dan internet.BAB 2PEMBAHASAN TEORIPINGPING yaitu singkatan dari Packet Internet Gopher adalah sebuah program utilitas yang dapat digunakan untuk memeriksa Induktivitas jaringan berbasis teknologi Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). Dengan menggunakan utilitas ini, dapat diuji apakah sebuah komputer terhubung dengan komputer lainnya. Hal ini dilakukan dengan mengirim sebuah paket kepada alamat IP yang hendak diujicoba konektivitasnya dan menunggu respon darinya.2.1.1 Sejarah PINGMike Muuss menulis program ini pada bulan Desember 1983, sebagai sarana untuk mencari sumber masalah dalam jaringan. Menurutnya, nama "PING" berasal dari suara echo (sonar) sebuah kapal selam yang bilamana sang operator mengirimkan pulsa-pulsa suara ke arah sebuah sasaran maka suara tersebut akan memantul dan diterima kembali ketika telah mengenai sasaran dalam jangka waktu tertentu. Utilitas ping akan menunjukkan hasil yang positif jika dua buah komputer saling terhubung di dalam sebuah jaringan. Hasil berupa statistik keadaan koneksi kemudian ditampilkan di bagian akhir. Kualitas koneksi dapat dilihat dari besarnya waktu pergi-pulang (roundtrip) dan besarnya jumlah paket yang hilang (packet loss). Semakin kecil kedua angka tersebut, semakin bagus kualitas koneksinya.2.1.2 Mekanisme Penggunaan PINGCara melakukan PING sangatlah mudah, kita tinggal mengetikkan sebuah perintah di command promt di komputer/laptop. Pada sistem operasi Windows, klik "Start" dan klik "Run" ketikkan "cmd" dan OK. Akan muncul halaman hitam putih yang biasa di sebut command promt, kemudian ketikkan "PING" dan diikuti alamat yang di tuju, misal "PING facebook.com" , atau bisa memasukkan alamat IP, misalnya "PING 172.16.0.18" Perintah PING akan mengirim empat paket informasi ke situs tersebut dan, jika terhubung dengan situs atau perangkat tersebut, setiap paket akan dikembalikan dengan informasi tambahan. Setiap paket akan memberikan info waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk membuat round trip dalam milidetik. PING juga akan memberikan rincian empat paket yang dikirim dan melaporkannya jika tidak ada koneksi. PING menunjukkan waktu maksimum, minimum dan rata-rata dari empat perjalanan paket. Laporan ini juga menunjukkan alamat situs numerik dalam bentuk "xx.xx.xx.xx."...

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