The Pinkerton National Detective Agency was started with the intention of finding counterfeiters and train robbers, then it evolved into an organization that investigated Lincoln’s assassination, stopped many criminal organizations such as the Butch Cassidy and the Wild Bunch, and spy work in the Civil War. In addition, the agency has shown the ability to be progressive for they were the first to enter criminals into a database, and were the first to hire a female detective in the U.S. With that, the entire agency has made a big impact, and is in over 100 countries today.
Allan Pinkerton was born on August 25, 1819 in Scotland. Pinkerton moved to Chicago in 1842, working as a barrel maker. A few years later, he joined the police squad in Chicago and in 1850 the first office for Pinkerton's company opened on 80 Washington Street. The Company created some ground rules that are very familiar to the FBI: accept no bribes, never negotiate with terrorists or criminals, become friends with the law, do not do cases that may cause scandals, do not accept reward money, never raise the price of the case without the knowing of the client, and let the client know what is happening with the case (www.Pinkerton.com). These rules were called the Pinkerton Code. By 1853 the company worked with law enforcement all around the country stopping suspected criminals all around the country. They specialized at first in stopping counterfeiters and protecting trains from robberies. Not only that, but Pinkerton was also asked to help in the Civil War and find intelligence on the confederates to find out their plans.
While gathering information, Pinkerton found intelligence that indicated an attempt on Presidents Lincoln’s life during his inauguration in1861.They were going to kill him in Boston, but Pinkerton told Lincoln, and they moved through Boston during the night so no one would spot them (www.memory.loc.gov). After that, Pinkerton was assigned to gather information from the southern states. He went under the name of "Major E. J. Allen" (www.memory.loc.gov). He probably went by this name because it has his first name so he can respond to it easier, and Majors are very high ranking officers. Pinkerton soon after, went back to his agency in 1862.
Lincoln after saving his life, wanted Pinkerton to come and work for him as agents to protect him from any other people who try to kill him. However, this plan did not work because he did die due to murder by John Wilkes Booth. We are not sure how he got into the booth, but he did and killed Lincoln.
Since the organization was started to stop counterfeiters and train robbers, that is what they did. The one big case they solved were the Jessie James Gang and the Cassidy Butch and Wild Bunch, who were train robbers most people think "How did they do this? How did they steal money or goods from a moving train?" There are two ways, one is derailing the train, or taking dynamite and blowing up the train door...