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Pir Sultan Abdal'in Yasami Ve Sanati Derim Baska Bisey Demem Anadin Mi?

1856 words - 7 pages

YASAMIPîr Sultan Abdal'in yasami üzerine, yazili kaynaklarda pek bilgi yoktur. Dogum ve ölüm yillari konusunda bile kesin bir bilgi mevcut degil. Yasami üzerine bilgiler, genellikle, kendi siirlerinden, halk söylentilerinden, kusaktan kusaga anlatilagelen menkibelerden, bir de yakinlarinin ya da baska ozanlarin onu anlatan siirlerinden çikarilir.Gene de bu yollardan bazi bilgiler edinilmistir, çünkü Pîr Sultan, baglandigi tarikatin din anlayisini, dünya görüsünü yansitmakta ya da derinlestirmek için soyut siirler yazan bir sanatçi degildir, dogrudan dogruya basindan geçenleri, kavgasini, özlemlerini, katlandigi acilari, yasaminin türlü yönlerini yansitan somut siirler yazmistir.Siirlerden, halk söylentilerinden çikarilan bilgilere göre, Pîr Sultan Sivas'in Yildizeli ilçesinin Çirçir Bucagina bagli Banaz köyünde dogmustur. Yildizdagi eteklerinde, Çirçir'a kirk sekiz kilometre uzaklikta, denizden bin yedi yüz metre yüksekte, çogu tek katli kerpiç evleri, soguktan korunmak için yari yariyariya topraga gömülü bir köy...Banaz'da bugün de Pîr Sultan'in oldugu söylenen bir ev, önünde sairin yasadigi dönemden kaldigina inanilan bir sögüt agaci, agacin altinda, asâsinin ucuna takip Horasan'dan getirildigine inanilan bir degirmen tasi vardir. Pîr Sultan yaz aylarinin güzel havalarinda bu tasin üstüne oturup karisiyla sohbet edermis. Köylüler bu evi, agaci, tasi kutsal sayarlar.Kizinin yaktigi agitta uzun boyluluguna, biçimliligine deginilen sairin asil adi, siirlerinde belirttigine göre, Haydar'dir. Bir yerde soyunun Yemen'li oldugunu, bir yerde Peygamber'in öz torunu oldugunu söyler, bir yerde de Imam Zeynel-Âbidin'den "Zeynel dedem" diye söz eder. Uzmanlara göre, Pîr Sultan'in bu sözleri söylemesinin nedeni halk üzerindeki etkisini arttirmak içindir. Muhammed peygamber soyundan geldiklerini, "seyyid"liklerini ileri sürmek tarikat ululari arasinda bir gelenektir. Genel kani, sairin Iran'in dogusundaki Türk yurdu Horasan'dan, önce Iran Azerbeycani'ndaki Hoy kasabasina, oradan da Anadolu'ya göçüp Sivas'a yerlesen bir Türkmen soyundan geldigi yolundadir.Çocuklugu çobanlikla geçen Pîr Sultan'in okuma yazma bildigi anlasiliyor, ama bilgin bir kisi oldugu söylenemez. Tekke egitimi çerçevesinde kalmistir. Halifeler tarihini, peygamber menkibelerini, evliya menkibelerini, tarikat kurallarini, Yunus Emre'yi, Hatâyî'yi bilir. Bunlar disinda, çaginin bilimleriyle ilgilenmedigi gibi, divan edebiyati ile de ilgilenmemistir. Siirlerinde Yunan mitolojisinin, Iran mitolojisinin izleri pek...

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