Pirate Radio Stations In The 1960s And 1970s Britain (With Reference To Recent Cultural Production)

1495 words - 6 pages

Outline

In this essay I will explain the main reasons because of which pirate radio stations became popular and important in Great Britain, as well as the reasons for their manifestation. I will analyze the main features of this movement and the way they influenced radio broadcasting in general, its impact on a generation in need of fresh, new things in every aspect of their lives. Focusing on two decades of twentieth century Britain, as the most lucrative and important for pirate radio, I will explore the governments stances on this issue then, as well as now, and the importance of pirate radio stations today and the way they are represented in other popular media.

Introduction

From the 1920s most of Britain’s territory was covered by the signal and radio program of BBC which was providing quality informative and educational programs in accordance with Reithian principles. “...under the control of Lord Reith, the programmes shied away from being too popularist. Lord Reith felt that, whilst the public wanted popular entertainment, it was not necessarily what was good for them.”
The Continental Stations (http://radio.eric.tripod.com/the_continental_stations.htm) However, times were changing, and the BBC’s program did not meet all of the needs of the youth generation, especially when music programs are discussed. The BBC did not provide a regular output of popular music, the only radio program of that kind was “Hit Parade” which was on air once per week.

“The only real outlet for listeners to hear all the new records was Radio Luxembourg and many British listeners tuned into Radio Luxembourg (The Great 208), but that was only available in the evenings and the signal would often fade or become distorted as the night time propagation changed and listeners had to endure regular periods of poor reception, even though the Luxembourg transmitter used a million watts of power.”
Mike Smith, The Story of Offshore and Pirate Radio (http://www.mds975.co.uk/Content/pirateradio.html) This radio station was extremely popular with the youth generation because it played hit popular music BBC’s show could not cover. Even though Radio Luxembourg had a wide audience it was far from being perfect, simply due to the fact that it was to commercial. “Luxembourg’s overriding purpose was to serve
as a promotional vehicle for the top record companies. In this capacity Luxembourg was fulfilling its function perfectly adequately, but its role was limited to just that: a shop window for the industry’s goods.”
Rober Chapman, Selling The Sixties: The Pirates and Pop Music Radio (Routledge, London and New York, 1992), Selling the ether, page 2

Due to this dissatisfaction with both Radio Luxembourg and BBC, and the restrictive system of promoting new artists of the first, and a small number of songs played by the second, the radio scene was going to be practically reborn in a new form during the sixties by the people were dissatisfied the most and...

Find Another Essay On Pirate Radio Stations in the 1960s and 1970s Britain (with reference to recent cultural production)

U.S. History---Cultural Changes in the 1960s

667 words - 3 pages The 1960s, with the Camelot Kennedy administration and Lyndon Johnson's Great Society, was a decade in which many cultural changes took place. The United States itself was amidst the disheartening Cold War and the heartbreaking assassination of President Kennedy. During the period, feminism was revived. The Civil Rights Movement brought change to African Americans with their pursuit for Black Power. Other minorities such as Hispanic Americans

Popular Culture in Britain at the Beginning of the 1960s

1089 words - 4 pages said music was to tune into pirate radio stations such as Radio Luxembourg and the later Radio Caroline. The film industry was almost fully American, movies such as 'Ben Hur' and 'The Longest Day' were massive hits and appealed to thousands of people. British films were still appreciated and many had been hits in the 1950's. A British company, Ealing Studios, boosted the English film industry with successful comedies and

The Twenty-first Century vs The 1960s and 1970s: Are Women Freer than They Were Before?

1858 words - 8 pages to restrict reproduction rights, case in point, Mississippi’s recent and unconstitutional twenty-week abortion ban. This ban will make terminate pregnancies after the twentieth week illegal, and it is also unconstitutional, blatantly overpassing the Supreme Court decision in both Roe versus Wade and Doe versus Bolton. Along with this, some states, including Kentucky and Louisiana, have enacted “trigger laws” for if Roe versus Wade were ever

The Presence of Britain in India and Cultural Disintegration

833 words - 3 pages of there own cultural music and still speak English. Because of the cultural impact of British on India in past it is not easy to resolve the issue. People who were having the provinces believe that Britain ruling India have improved there living conditions. The taxes from the province go into the treasure of the ruler and he could increase the taxes. But the farmers believe that they were starving to death when the ruler imposed taxes on

Charlie Higson and Relation with the 1960s

1795 words - 8 pages series, and is now writing an action-horror series, The Enemy, for younger readers. (“Curtis Brown Literary and Talent Agency”) The 1960s had already started off with violence, as the Cold War increased danger in the world. America and the Soviet Union were the two most powerful countries after World War II. Both saw each other as enemies, and they feared one might attack, which made both countries desperate to make more and more weapons. By the

The idea of radio stations having censorship makes more than

597 words - 2 pages The idea of radio stations having censorship makes more than perfect sense. If we allow radio stations to say whatever they want, than all forms of values and respect for human kind could go out the window. The day that censorship is abolished is the day that we have lost. But then again, we have already lost all sense of decency and replaced it with vulgarity, so why not just take away censorship, the one thread holding the string of humanity

"Cultural identity is shaped by the values, way of life and the aspirations of the community that they live in." Discuss this statement, with close reference to 'The Shipping News' by E Annie Proulx

1222 words - 5 pages middle aged man, rather impersonally referred to as Quoyle. Finds a clear sense of cultural identity though the recovery of his ancestral home.The cultural identity of an individual is shaped by a range of factors, including the values, way of life and aspirations of the community in which they live. The Shipping News, by E Annie Proulx, provides an outstanding analysis of the way that cultural identity is shaped by such elements. Newfoundland

Social And Political Issues In The 1970s

2596 words - 10 pages jury duty than other Australians. The Aboriginal Legal Service (1970-97) provided access to legal advice and assistance for people who could not have otherwise afforded it, but it could do little to overcome injustices indigenous Australians suffered under the Australian legal system.Government concern for the higher proportion of Aboriginal people in prison began in the 1960s. By the 1970s, there were increasing question from within government

People's positions in the world are shaped by discourse - With reference to face, power and solidarity

2218 words - 9 pages In many ways people's positions in the world are their positions in discourse, since the power to shape the world is to a large degree the power to shape how people talk about the world' (Johnstone). Discuss with reference to the categorisation of participants by each other and to the notions of face and power and solidarity.This essay chooses to look at the recent controversy surrounding the alleged racist row in TV's Big Brother house. The row

Analysis of the provision in your setting with reference to theory and guidance

1093 words - 5 pages This assignment will analyse the provision in a setting with reference to theory and guidance, using the National standards, the EYFS guidelines and OFSTED. I currently work in Tameside College Nursery as a Nursery Nurse. My job requires me to work with children between the ages of six months old and five years old as well as being responsible for a small group of children known as my key children. We have three rooms, Ladybird room, Caterpillar

How did the civil rights movement and anti-Vietnam campaigns impact society and law enforcement during the 1960s and 1970s?

594 words - 2 pages Starting with the Free Speech Movement in 1964, college and university students massed in numbers to speak about their rights and what they wanted to see done in the world. The civil rights movement founded by Martin Luther King Jr., wanted peaceful protests, but on the day of King's assassination, the biggest riot happed in the capital of the United States, Washington, D.C. Between the civil rights movement and the anti-Vietnam protests, the

Similar Essays

Geographical Dispersion: Outline This Concept In Relation To Cultural Production And Discuss Its Connections With The Concept Of Post Fordism

1023 words - 4 pages Norcliffe and Rendace (2003) offer an explanation of 'why certain forms of cultural production have recently become geographically dispersed' (p. 242). Outline this explanation and discuss its connections with the concept of post-fordism.Cultural production has been enabled to change its geographies of location over recent years, in particularly due to advancements in technology and a post-fordist shift in production. Norcliffe and Rendace (2003

What Is The Difference Between Diegetic And Non Diegetic Sound? Discuss With Reference To At Least Three Recent Films

2148 words - 9 pages What is the difference between diegetic and non-diegetic sound? Can they ever be confused? Discuss with reference to at least three recent films.For this essay I shall be highlighting the differences between the two terms; diegetic and non-diegetic sound. I shall also discuss whether or not the terms and their meanings could ever be confused. To help highlight my arguments within this essay I shall reference to films such as "The Italian Job

Compare And Contrast The Policies Of The U.S.A And The U.S.S.R Towards Vietnam In The 1960s And 1970s

917 words - 4 pages a legacy of fifteen years of superpower rivalry by the time of the 1960s may prove the justification of their policies to some extent.In most respects, Vietnam is often considered as "America's War." Beginning with Kennedy's "finger in the dike" approach to the Third World in 1960, to Johnson's disastrous "Rolling Thunder" and ground troop escalation, and ending with Nixon's "Vietmanization" and peace with honour, American foreign policy in the

Community Radio Stations In South Africa (Three)

2232 words - 9 pages Tuks FMTuks FM was founded in 1980, under the name Radio Tuks. The station officially began broadcasting to the Pretoria University campus cafeteria on 22 April 1981 through landlines (SRC, 2002).Between 1982 and 1984, the station expanded, and in 1995, new FM studios were constructed and opened. At the start of the new millennium, the first permanent station director was appointed, which coincided with the name change from Radio Tuks to Tuks FM