This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Plastic Production Essay

2391 words - 10 pages

1.0 Research Background
The term of plastic has attracted more attention in the literature for the past 100 years since the introduction of the first industrial plastic at the latter part of the 19th century. John Wesley Hyatt, an American, finally came upon the solution in year 1869 with celluloid which makes its debut in plastic industry (McCord, 1964). Ever since after, there have been several milestones in the history of material science as the invention of plastic has, arguably, touched more lives than any other technological breakthrough.
Plastics play a significant role across the environmental, societal and economic dimensions of sustainable development. Our modern lifestyle would not be possible without plastics. Plastics have proliferated so readily throughout the modern world because of their inherent properties such as lightweight, versatility and durability (Fortelný et. al., 2004). By possessing these advantageous characteristics, plastics has become a good candidate for replacement of other materials that range from simple plastic parts such as household storage containers, to sophisticated devices such as heart replacement valves. It is this range of properties together with their low cost that has driven the annual worldwide demand for plastics to reach at least 308 million tonnes by 2010 (Andrady and Neal, 2009).
1.1 Impacts of Plastic Production
Although plastics have had a remarkable impact on our culture and lifestyle, the production and use of plastics pose increasing threat to environment. Most plastics are made from fossil fuels and thus plastics production has an impact on oil consumption, both as a raw material and to deliver energy for the manufacturing process (van der Voet et al, 2003). The process takes a large number of decompositions and recombination that a commercial plastic is produced. According to Statistical Review of World Energy (2010), the total oil consumption of the world in 2008 was 81.73 million barrels per day and the global proved oil reserves at the end of 2008 are estimated to have been 1.258 trillion barrels. At the current rate of consumption, it would last 42 years before the oil reserves are completely depleted. It is estimated that 4% of the world's annual oil production is used as a feedstock for plastic production and an additional 3-4% during manufacture (Nemerow et al, 2009). Considering the massive amount of oil usage in the world even 7% is a very large quantity of oil to be used in the plastic production.
On the other hand, high plastic production inevitably leads to an increasing amount of plastics ending up in the waste stream which results in serious pollution problems. A significant portion of the waste generated in Malaysia comes from plastics. The amount of plastic waste continues to accumulate as the population is growing along with a great expansion of plastic industry in our country. Therefore, various options of plastic waste management, such as landfill, incineration...

Find Another Essay On Plastic Production

Environmental Problems Created by Plastic Bags

1034 words - 4 pages seabirds, as well as more than 100 000 marine mammals, die every year from ingesting plastic rubbish bits. Moreover, different species of birds and marine mammals become terminally entangled by plastic bags restricting their movement and reproduction (World Wildlife’s Annual Report, 2005). A third point of challenges is the significant relationship between petroleum and plastic bags. The production of plastic bags requires petroleum and often natural

Producing And Using of The Plastic = Damaging The Environment

1750 words - 7 pages production material should be stopped or at least reduced because of the amount of plastic waste that always increase in every year and it caused the damaging of the environment.   First of all, the supporters of green peace argue that the one of many causes of environment damage is cause by plastics garbage. Plastics is a light strong material that is produce by chemical processes and be formed into shapes when heated. (Oxford Dictionary, 2010

Plastic as a Commodity

920 words - 4 pages , appliances, and cups (n.d.). When plastic is used this excessively it acts as a hazard and a harmful commodity, since it endangers the lives of many creatures including humans. The way this commodity is disposed off should be efficient and should not result in harming the environment either. To solve this problem, all governments should take action and improper plastic disposal should be made illegal and its production should be moderated to lessen its

Plastic Pollution in India

1330 words - 5 pages nations. However, in political economy approach, the solution is little bit hard to solve India’s plastic pollution. Transformation of economic production system might be helpful, but it is not the effective strategy. Although the big corporations change their systems, they will produce lots of plastic products if consumers keep using a large amount of the products. In comparison with political economic approach, market environmentalism also can

The True Price for Plastic

1642 words - 7 pages taxed, simple as that. It will lead to decrease of usage, and boost our economy in the meantime. Plastic is hazardous and in no way benefits our environment. Each bag should have a tax, reducing production, and hopefully in the long run, preventing the bags from causing environmental disasters.Works CitedBlue Planet. "Amazon Rainforest" 2007. Web. 28 October 2014Harris, William. "How long does it take for plastics to biodegrade?" How Stuff Works

The True Price for Plastic

1642 words - 7 pages taxed, simple as that. It will lead to decrease of usage, and boost our economy in the meantime. Plastic is hazardous and in no way benefits our environment. Each bag should have a tax, reducing production, and hopefully in the long run, preventing the bags from causing environmental disasters.Works CitedBlue Planet. "Amazon Rainforest" 2007. Web. 28 October 2014Harris, William. "How long does it take for plastics to biodegrade?" How Stuff Works

Plastic Bags

751 words - 4 pages per year. Litter has been dramatically reduced; approximately 18,000,000 litters of oil have been saved due to the reduced production of bags. According to a 2008 New York Times article, most shoppers in Ireland switched to reusable bags rather than to paper bags for their shopping. This just shows that this laws banning plastic bags do take a positive effect on the environment and benefit in the long run the many rather than the few. All of

Conventional Plastic Films vs Sustainable Films

2484 words - 10 pages Sustainability has become and important issue in the world as the Green Movement continues to gain popularity. One area where research is being conducted to find a more sustainable production process is plastic films. Plastic films are defined as a packaging material, usually less than ten mils (a mil is 0.001 inch) in thickness, with an average of 0.7–1.5 mils, that can be used as a bag or wrapper. They are composed of a broad range of

Disposing Large Amounts of Waste

1055 words - 4 pages . particularly,there is a good example from Republic of Ireland In 2001, An extremely successful plastic bag consumption tax, or PlasTax, introduced in 2002 reduced consumption by 90%. (Smith , 2004,p.5) . Approximately 18,000,000 liters of oil have been saved due to this reduced production. Base on this successful action, many other countries, such as UK, Australia and New York City. are now considering running a similar tax.( However, it is not enough only to ask what governments can do to reduce the packaging waste, we must ask ourselves what we as individuals can do to preserve the environment from the pollution of packaging waste .

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch

1395 words - 6 pages , it is not the most effective and impactful way. Although cleaning the beaches allows us to be one step closer to a clean ocean, the most essential step is eliminating further destruction to the ocean. The best solution to restoring the oceans cleanliness and marine lives safety is to reduce the demand of plastic and recycle. “The best solution is to reduce the demand of plastic by reducing the moral acceptance of saving a buck in production


1540 words - 7 pages fossilized plant and animal remains. Plastics are a bane to the environment because they are not biodegradable (cannot be broken down by decomposers), and cause global warming. The price for production of biodegradable plastic will soon drop for 3 reasons. First, as the production of biodegradable increase, the cost disadvantage will disappear. Second, oil and petroleum are a nonrenewable resource and the supply of will decrease. The supply is limited

Similar Essays

Mass Plastic Production And Plastic Waste

2178 words - 9 pages life, but also affects the species that inhabit the oceans by contaminating their food and endangering their health. Mass plastic production began in the 1950s. Even though large amounts of plastic began being generated, the amount of waste was “estimate[d]… [to be] three to four orders of magnitude lower [than current societal statistics] and restricted to more degradable items” (Barnes 1988). The decades following the 1950s found plastic to be

The Invasion Of The Plastic Bottle

785 words - 4 pages ingested plastic, chemical, toxic water are then consumed by humans, which in turn harm people’s bodies. Bearing in mind that humans continue to use disposables plastic bottles, the earth’s oceans are becoming more polluted with toxic, plastic waste. Because the production of water bottles requires a great deal of gas for the manufacturing, transportation, and distribution, the planet’s air is becoming more polluted. In one year, seventeen million

Plastic Bags Should Be Substitued By A More Environmentally Friendly Product

1437 words - 6 pages heat. [2] The production of plastic begins by converting solid polyethene, initially in the form of pellets, to polyethylene film through the process of blown film extrusion. Polyethylene pellets are first melted, and then transferred through a die unit where the melted polymer is transformed into a circular tube bubble. Once cooled the bubble is destroyed in half at the end of nip rolls. The destroyed bubble later revolves to become rolls of

History Of Chemistry Essay

807 words - 4 pages , light switches, toothbrushes, spaceships, etc. Even our money is plastic now like credit and debit cards. Plastic is very important and its production is constantly increasing all around the world. Plastic doesn’t have a specific discovery date because many forms of it have been used for centuries. However, with the increasing knowledge of chemistry, and the improvement of technology, plastic has become a fundamental part of today’s society.