Plato, Aristotle And Augustine’s Contrasting Views About Women

3674 words - 15 pages

With respect to their differing philosophical beliefs, philosophers Plato and Aristotle would ultimately argue with respect to women and their place in society, the home, and their relationship with politics. Although, Augustine was not a philosopher, he would often make references about women. Most often, Augustine would abide by the teachings of his religion in explaining women and their place not only the confines of a marriage, but also, in relation to God. The importance of their views with respect to women, politics and religion have arguably shaped the ideals and social morals of current Western thought and ideologies.
Women in Society and the Household
With respect to women and their place in Greek society, it was essentially based on the family unit. Initially, the household and/or Oikos were composed of both free individuals and slaves. Basically, the Oikos were under the dominion of the head of the household, and were bound by a set of complex family relationships. “The household covered not only the members of the nuclear family, but the whole physical and economic unit, including property, and land, and there was strict limitation of succession by inheritance.”1 Interestingly, with respect inheritance, marriage and property, the primary concern was for the preservation of the family, their survival and the survival of the Oikos. “Typically a man would marry when the property was divided on death…and would eventually establish his own Oikos…thirty or thirty five appears to have been the normal age for a man to marry.”2 It was stated in Athenian law that sons succeed their fathers, and all sons were to share the inheritance. However, a family with no sons, the inheritance would most often be left to the daughters. In cases similar to the one mentioned, both the inheritance and daughter together could be claimed by the nearest remaining male relative in order of Athenian law.
Basically, it was expected that women should live inside and take care of the house, the husband and the children. In addition, women were also expected to contribute economically, through weaving and other such tasks. Nonetheless, women were not confined exclusively to their homes, except by their duties. “The work of Semonides highlights the importance of a wife’s contribution to the home’s prosperity and comfort, and do not imply that women in this period were generally kept in seclusion.”3 While women remained both politically and legally disadvantaged, it would be rather presumptuous to assume that women and their place in society was insignificant.
With respect to Plato, Aristotle. and Augustine, and despite having opposite natures, their differing viewpoints are worthy of comparison. For Plato, women played an important part to the overall survival of the Oikos and society. Aristotle, however, felt that women were not equal to men, and therefore, a woman’s place was to be in the home. With respect to Augustine, he not only had strong...

Find Another Essay On Plato, Aristotle and Augustine’s Contrasting Views about Women

Plato and Aristotle Essay

1272 words - 5 pages Plato and Aristotle Plato and Aristotle have two distinct views on wellness. However, each man’s opinion on wellness is directly tied in to his respective opinions on the idea of imitation as a form of knowledge. Their appreciation or lack thereof for tragedy is in fact directly correlated to their own perspective on wellness and emotion. Firstly, it is important to consider each man’s view of wellness—that is how does each man go about

Comparing Plato and Aristotle Essay

2127 words - 9 pages class. When he was 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He stayed for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias was the ruler. He guided Hermias and eventually married his niece and adopted a daughter, Pythias. Hermias was later captured and executed by the Persians. Aristotle then went to Pella, Macedonia's capital, and became

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

856 words - 3 pages particular end, an end determined by the “unmoved mover” or the supreme cause of existence.      Aristotle much like Plato also frowned upon democracy, suggesting it to be mob rule. However, he was no advocate of oligarchy or monarchy either; in fact he condemned Sparta for empowering women, and felt that government should be run by wealthy men who have been trained by philosophers.      Socrates

Political Justice: Plato and Aristotle

2208 words - 9 pages , Aristotle believes that everyone should take turn ruling and being ruled (Aristotle, 219). Aristotle argues that the purpose of politics and that city is to promote the good life for its people. He believes that the citizens of a state should agree about what is right and wrong, just and unjust. Plato believes that philosophers are the only people capable of knowing the truth. Aristotle gives a better argument that everyone is capable of knowing the

Classical Theories - Aristotle and Plato

1909 words - 8 pages Plato and Aristotle have both documented strong opinions about the influence and social purpose of poetry. Plato, in The Republic, outlines reasons for his `refusal to admit the imitative kind of poetry'(Plato cited in ed. Adams 1992, p. 31). Plato's reference to `poetry' does not apply to the poetry of contemporary society, as it was a performance art and not meant for silent reading and reflection. Julia Annas (1981, p. 94) believes that

Distinctions and Comparisons between Aristotle and Plato

1638 words - 7 pages have contributed to science and philosophy; they have changed the perspective of the world permanently. The views of Aristotle and Plato are forever engraved in the mind of western thought. 2. The Essayist on the Perception of Plato’s and Aristotle’s Concept of Reality When I was first introduced to Plato’s theory of forms, I was intrigued by the process of thought that must have arrived from creating such a theory. The

Democracy Outlined by Plato and Aristotle

1114 words - 4 pages for the basis of modern political thinking, although many in modern society UK would be sceptical to call it a democracy. Plato and Aristotle in The Republic and The Politics respectively were critical of the Athenian democracy, by examining the culture and ideology present the limitations and possible downfalls of a democratic way of life. Within this essay I will outline these limitations and evaluate their validity. Plato defines Athens as a

A Comparison of Plato and Aristotle.

1892 words - 8 pages Plato and Aristotle, two philosophers in the 4th century, hold polar views on politics and philosophy in general. This fact is very cleverly illustrated by Raphael's 'School of Athens' (1510-11; Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican), where Plato is portrayed looking up to the higher forms; and Aristotle is pointing down because he supports the natural sciences. In a discussion of politics, the stand point of each philosopher becomes an essential

Examining the Ethics of Plato and Aristotle

1051 words - 4 pages how I perceive the theories of Plato and Aristotle. In my view, the better solution to the problem of the ‘good life’ is Aristotle’s belief rather than Plato’s belief of the good life. Firstly, Plato’s argument about the ‘good life’ is flawed under a few conditions. The first condition I will analyse is whether his inference ‘if a person can discover what is right and knows what the good life is, he or she will not act immorally’ is justified

Aristotle and Plato's Views on Reality

1030 words - 4 pages Aristotle and Plato were both great thinkers but their views on realty were different. Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. Therefore truth is dependent upon a person’s mind and external factors. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will

Plato and his views on Rome

1844 words - 7 pages injustices they carried out together were appalling. "They decreed death and confiscation of property for about 300 senators and 2,000 equestrians, among them their own brothers and uncles, as well as senior officers serving under them who had had cause to offend them or their own colleagues" (Spielvogel 141). The concept of justice was extremely important for Plato, he would say that the unjust person's soul is in decay and disorder. "...shall we

Similar Essays

Historical Views Of Leadership: Plato And Aristotle

1780 words - 7 pages through the eyes of two titans of Greek thought: Plato and Aristotle. Both men lived in 4th century BCE Athens, so much of their background and experience was shared. Aristotle was the younger of the two, and he was Plato’s student. Where leadership is concerned, both philosophers agreed that the “best men” should rule, and that the purpose of leadership was the betterment of the State. They also agreed that education was paramount to forming

Arroyo Administration: The Plato And Aristotle Views

2842 words - 11 pages majority; and who is naturalized in accordance with law. So whoever possesses such qualifications is immediately considered a Filipino citizen. This is in contrast with the views of Plato and Aristotle. According to them, being someone who lives in a certain place or whose parents live in that place don’t mean that you’re already a citizen there. For Plato, in order to be called a citizen, a member of a state, aside from being an

The Views Of Reality Of Plato And Aristotle

1015 words - 4 pages The Views of Reality of Aristotle and PlatoIntroductionThe purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the views of reality of both Aristotle and Plato. Plato and Aristotle, two of some of the greatest philosophers of Ancient Greece, were connected in studies. Plato was taught by Socrates, then Aristotle studied at Plato's Academy. Plato was the first of the two to study, and Aristotle then studied there. And, upon learning this, one would

The Notion Of The Good In The Ethical Views Of Plato And Aristotle

1636 words - 7 pages The Notion of the Good in the Ethical Views of Plato and Aristotle 1. Discuss the notion of "the good" in the ethical views of Plato and Aristotle. State which of potentiality would lead to normal life. Plato explored such subjects as beauty, justice, and good government. Plato's ethics were ethics of happiness. He based his ethical theory on the proposition that all people desire happiness although, of course, people sometimes