Plato Issues In The Republic Essay

1104 words - 4 pages

Book V Women in Society Socrates addresses the women in the city is this section of the book. He makes a note that says guardians were to posses all wives and children on a common ground. He says, "men and women are by nature the same with respect to guarding the city, except to the extent that one is weaker and the other stronger." So, by saying this, Socrates provides us with absolutely no reason not to train women for ruling purposes. Glaucon, as usual is not keen on Socrates and tells him to explain the benefits of these ideas. As always, Socrates agrees by discussing his plans of breeding guardians in the city.Socrates tells of how the best women are to be chosen as guardians just like the best men. He then goes on to tell some laws that would guarantee this city to have the best guardians. People can only have sex with their own group, babies will be taken by the rulers of the city and left to die, sex was to had during "prime" years of life, you could have sex with some who is older or younger than you, and you refer to everyone as "brother" and "sister" and elders as "mother" and "father." Plato displays an utilitarian political philosophy in this section of the book. He mentions the laws of that are needed to have the best guardians. The loss of children and the loss of sexual freedom are thought to be a good thing in essence because it keeps the guardians in a pure nature. I don't these laws set forth by Socrates because if you follow them, you get nothing in return. I believe Plato should reconsider some of these laws and amend them.Family Life vs. Civic Life Family life in Book V of the Republic involved women becoming as power as men. However, as far as family life was concerned, you couldn't have a family because every child born was taken by the rulers of the city and killed. Therefore, the only family one could have is if they considered their peers to be family. They would show this by calling their peers "brother" and "sister." On the other hand, the civic life in this city was rather simple. You gave up everything for the city. In my opinion, this is exactly what you have to do. You can have sex with certain people, for instance guardians are only to have sex with other guardians.I didn't this section of the book. Plato takes away the possibility of family life for the possibility of unity. In essence, he replaces one immediate family with the city itself. Therefore, instead of having one dad, you had a whole city full of them. This is dumbest thing I think I have ever heard of. Get real, ask some Americans today if they would cede their immediate family to have a "united" family"¦they would tell you to go off somewhere; far, far away.The Limits of Politics Socrates proposes a "lottery" hidden from the citizens that would in essence guarantee the best men and women would have sex. Although, he does make the suggestion to keep the "lottery" under-raps in order to make it look unbiased to the community. He claims that this...

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