Plato On Knowledge Essay

1903 words - 8 pages

Plato on Knowledge

Plato argues that philosophy purifies ones soul and prepares one for death. Through his work The Republic he speaks about how everyone and everything is similar in regards to thought process. Plato argues that wisdom is gained over time. As a person grows they are exposed to numerous situations and events, which provide one with experience and teachings. Everything that happens in one’s life shapes who they will become, how their wisdom grows, and how much wisdom they obtain. He argues this by comparing the nature of animals to the nature of humans through analogies that explain people’s behaviors. He also stresses how human’s actions and behaviours change as they grow. This is due to the wisdom which they obtain throughout their lifetime. He further implies that the older a person is, the greater their knowledge is. This is due to the amount of experiences they have gone through. This ultimately further develops their morals and values, thus purifying them and preparing them for death.
At the beginning of a person’s life, from the moment they are born they are a blank canvas. A baby knows nothing. As time moves forward, the baby grows and experiences new things within its environment. The child’s brain begins to develop and it establishes relationships with people and things that it is frequently exposed to. The most important relationship it will develop is with its parents. Parents teach their children to eat, talk, and talk walk along with numerous other things which are considered later in life to be basic human nature. A parent is an essentially a coach, guiding it’s off spring throughout their life until they are old enough and wise enough to be on their own. Plato stresses the subject of teaching and coaching in his work The Republic. He says “…a ship’s captain in the precise sense is a ruler of sailors, not a sailor” (Plato, pg. 19)? In this quote he essentially points out that a captain of a crew is not a sailor but indeed is a captain. The captain gives orders, and the crew absorbs what they are being told. Captains teach their crew how to work together and get through their journeys. A captain also teaches the crew their knowledge about the ship. Journeys, as well as the ship are essentially referred to as life and all that it entails. Plato then continues this metaphor by stating “…that a ship’s captain or ruler won’t seek and order what is advantageous to himself, but what is advantageous to a sailor” (Plato, pg. 19). Thus, a good teacher is not self interested. Their main objective is to guide their crew so they too may be a captain one day. Parents do this by passing down their values onto their children throughout the course of their life. They teach them to the best of their abilities. Whatever a parent is unable to teach a child they will learn from their teachers, their friends, and other influences in their lives. Everyone and everything ultimately provides some type of lesson to...

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