Plato On Knowledge Essay

1903 words - 8 pages

Plato on Knowledge

Plato argues that philosophy purifies ones soul and prepares one for death. Through his work The Republic he speaks about how everyone and everything is similar in regards to thought process. Plato argues that wisdom is gained over time. As a person grows they are exposed to numerous situations and events, which provide one with experience and teachings. Everything that happens in one’s life shapes who they will become, how their wisdom grows, and how much wisdom they obtain. He argues this by comparing the nature of animals to the nature of humans through analogies that explain people’s behaviors. He also stresses how human’s actions and behaviours change as they grow. This is due to the wisdom which they obtain throughout their lifetime. He further implies that the older a person is, the greater their knowledge is. This is due to the amount of experiences they have gone through. This ultimately further develops their morals and values, thus purifying them and preparing them for death.
At the beginning of a person’s life, from the moment they are born they are a blank canvas. A baby knows nothing. As time moves forward, the baby grows and experiences new things within its environment. The child’s brain begins to develop and it establishes relationships with people and things that it is frequently exposed to. The most important relationship it will develop is with its parents. Parents teach their children to eat, talk, and talk walk along with numerous other things which are considered later in life to be basic human nature. A parent is an essentially a coach, guiding it’s off spring throughout their life until they are old enough and wise enough to be on their own. Plato stresses the subject of teaching and coaching in his work The Republic. He says “…a ship’s captain in the precise sense is a ruler of sailors, not a sailor” (Plato, pg. 19)? In this quote he essentially points out that a captain of a crew is not a sailor but indeed is a captain. The captain gives orders, and the crew absorbs what they are being told. Captains teach their crew how to work together and get through their journeys. A captain also teaches the crew their knowledge about the ship. Journeys, as well as the ship are essentially referred to as life and all that it entails. Plato then continues this metaphor by stating “…that a ship’s captain or ruler won’t seek and order what is advantageous to himself, but what is advantageous to a sailor” (Plato, pg. 19). Thus, a good teacher is not self interested. Their main objective is to guide their crew so they too may be a captain one day. Parents do this by passing down their values onto their children throughout the course of their life. They teach them to the best of their abilities. Whatever a parent is unable to teach a child they will learn from their teachers, their friends, and other influences in their lives. Everyone and everything ultimately provides some type of lesson to...

Find Another Essay On Plato on Knowledge

Plato: A student of Socrates Essay

1181 words - 5 pages taught many of the ancient Greek thinkers, like Aristotle, who went on to teach Alexander the Great, who spread Plato’s and Aristotle’s teachings around the globe. Plato contributed to the thought process that is used in modern science today. Even though he was a mathematician he did not use math to figure things out in science, he used his knowledge of logic and he liked to reason with things and theories. “Amazingly, all of Plato’s known

Plato Essay

1414 words - 6 pages influences many people in history and today because he founded the Academy and had an impact on the development of Western philosophy. Plato was born in Athens, Greece in 428 or 427 B.C. (“Plato” Discus). He was born into a rich, prominent family (Pittenger 5). His family was aristocratic and distinguished. He was born the year after the Athenian statesman Pericles died (“Plato” Discus). Plato grew up in an atmosphere of political

Inspiring Philosopher and Great Mathematician: Plato

880 words - 4 pages though Plato didn't have the greatest impact on math he did expand and improve our understanding of geometry. Besides his work he had a favorite hobby which was listening to Socrates' lesson, because of this he gain more knowledge, he didn't have a relaxing hobby that we would consider fun. Some of Plato's' best works were inspired by many people but some of the most important were Parmenides and Zeno. They were important people that influenced him

Can virtue be taught?

1209 words - 5 pages explain what is the essence of virtue, and how it comes. In contrast, at the end of Protagoras, Plato is caught in a contradiction, he also candidly admits it. This contradiction is between “virtue can be taught” and he himself inherits the faith from Socrates’s “virtue is knowledge" (Plato, Protagoras, 2002, pp. 56, 361a-c), or rather, Plato wants to abandon “virtue can be taught” on one hand, on the other hand he tries to adhere the faith “virtue

The Most Influential Philosopher in History, Plato

1003 words - 4 pages Philosopher Aristotles. Plato primarily stayed at the Academy until his death at about 347 B.C.Plato is considered the best known Greek Philosopher. Plato's areas of concentration in philosophy are the metaphysics, epistemology. You could also add ethics to one of his areas of concentration but since ethics concerns how one ought to live and focuses on pleasure, virtue, and happiness. So according to Plato, virtue and happiness require knowledge

On Plato’s Critique of the Arts

912 words - 4 pages creating mimetic art, teach poetry as if they knew knowledge. Sharing not-knowledge as if it were knowledge is problematic because those that do not know that poets are creating imitations of art/knowledge, accept these imitations as the real thing. Plato then describes mimetic poetry is based on false pretenses and is therefore immorally wrong.My view is that Plato's use of myths and images in his dialogue is not problematic in light of his

Plato: The Great Philosopher

1031 words - 5 pages would have wanted for him. Not long after Plato developed a more personable relationship with Socrates, Socrates was executed. Following the death of Socrates he began following the friends of Socrates traveling to Megara, Cyrene, and Egypt (school). Many philosophers believe that Socrates, Plato’s mentor, was also the individual that convinced him to pursue other career goals outside of politics to focus on writing and education so it came to no

Plato

502 words - 2 pages reality than ordinary objects observed by the senses. Thus true knowledge is knowledge of the forms. In his most well known work, The Republic, Plato states that in his view, only in a good society can the good life be achieved. The Republic outlines Plato’s idea of a perfect or utopian society. He also identifies the four cardinal virtues that are required for a good society. These cardinal virtues are temperance or self-control, courage, wisdom

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE PHILOSOPHIES OF PLATO AND ARISTOTLE

1803 words - 7 pages facts. His theories were based on empirical facts. He places reason above all other institutions of the state. He only believed in scientific and proven knowledge. Plato did not have any affliction towards science, facts and enquiries on facts. There is a visible difference between the Prose style of Aristotle and Plato. While Plato had mastered the art of playing with words and delivering his message subtly, Aristotle never cared for the

Recollection in Plato's Phaedo and Meno

590 words - 2 pages , when one cannot know what it is? "How will you aim to search for something you do not know at all?" (Plato, Meno, 80d). From this question, Plato purposes a solution, that knowledge must be recollected from the soul. When the soul enters the world of space and time, Plato suggests, it carries some prior knowledge of forms; that is to say, the soul "remembers" its knowledge of unchangeable truths. (Meno, 81c-d). Thus follows the conclusion

Plato's life and contributions to society.. What is known about his past, and how he enhanced the world around him

1629 words - 7 pages life of Plato and the beliefs of Plato. In order to more deeply understand, one would have to read all of Plato's writings to help draw one's own conclusions. I myself have not read all of Plato's writings, but as far as I can understand, much of what Plato has accomplished is merely metaphysical speculation, and does not bring about any practical truth that affects the way in which I am to live. Perhaps Plato did not produce any truth beyond theorizing and speculation, but the fact that he passed on his knowledge and wisdom to the famous Aristotle most likely can be traced to have some affect on all of us, thousands of years after that time.

Similar Essays

Plato's Cave : The Reality Of Plato Branksome Hall Theory Of Knowledge Essay On Plato's Cave

678 words - 3 pages that believers of empirical knowledge are trapped in a ‘cave’ of misunderstanding. The Shadows represent the perceptions of those who believe empirical evidence ensures knowledge. If you believe that what you see should be taken as truth, then you are merely seeing a shadow of the truth.The Game represents how people believe that one person can be a ‘master’ when they have knowledge of the empirical world. Plato is demonstrating that this master

Knowledge And Plato Essay

1686 words - 7 pages true judgment plus an account (or explanation, or reason: in short, justification). Something very like the first theory is traceable to Heraclitus: not that knowledge is perception but that it is obtainable by perception.Works CitedBurnet, John Greek Philosophy: Thales to Plato (1914; reprint, London: Macmillan, 1968), 81Russell, A History of Western Philosophy, Touchstone (1967) 73Nicholas P. White, Plato on Knowledge and Reality ( Indianapolis: Hackett, 1976), vi

Plato "The Republic" Explain And Evaluate Plato's Theory Of Knowledge

1148 words - 5 pages Plato's triangular theory of knowledge expounded in "The Republic" has acted as one of the most important contributions in philosophical history - particularly to the field of epistemology. Plato uses three powerful metaphors to explain what knowledge and goodness are: The simile of the sun, the image of the divided line, and the most famous of all, the allegory of the cave. The study of epistemology is primarily concerned with what knowledge is

The Kind Of Knowledge Plato Has In Mind In His Theory Of Forms Is Not The Kind Of Knowledge Needed To Rule A City

1963 words - 8 pages their representation or their shadows, as in the simile of the cave (Lee 60). Only those who love knowledge and contemplate on the reality of things will achieve understanding of the forms. Philosophers, who by definition are knowledge lovers, are the only beings who can reach true knowledge. This concept has to be taken a step further because in The Republic, Plato states that philosophers should be the rulers since they are the only ones who