Plato's "Apology" Essay

653 words - 3 pages

In Plato's "Apology" Socrates is defending himself against claims of corrupting minors, not believing in gods, and the teaching of supernatural beings. He begins his defense by saying that his prosecutors are lying, and that he will prove it. He decides to defend himself chronologically beginning with the time that his childhood friend, Chairephon, went to Delphi and asked the oracle if there was anybody wiser than Socrates. When the oracle said that there was not, Socrates began to question those that were thought to be wise and prove that they were not. He did not do this because of arrogance, but because he thought that he was not wise at all and he wanted to prove the oracle wrong. He finally came to the conclusion that he was wiser only than those who thought themselves to be wise:"I am wiser than this man; it is likely that neither of us knows anything worthwhile, but he thinks he knows something when he does not, whereas when I do not know, neither do I think I know; so I am likely to be wiser than he to this small extent, that I do not think I know what I do not know."By Socrates proving many people unwise including politicians and poets who were widely known to be wise he caused many people to dislike like him.Next, he attempts to prove his innocence. Through a conversation with Meletus, he shows that the charge of corrupting the minds of the young is irrelevant because everyone affects the young in some way. As for the charge of not believing in gods, it is contradictory to the charge of teaching of supernatural beings. However it is the public's hatred of him that he believes will condemn him.After Socrates' defense the jury gives the verdict of guilty and Meletus ask for the death penalty. Socrates claims to not be distressed by the result...

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