Plato's Republic Essay

1391 words - 6 pages

In Plato’s Republic , Socrates states how a democracy could deteriorate and fall into lower regime. There are many characteristics when it comes to the kind of people that occupy a democratic regime. Although there are many downfalls, there are certain ways that a democracy and other regimes could be saved.
A democracy in Plato’s Republic is viewed as one of the lowest types of regimes a city could have because it can be the one that fails the easiest. There are five total regimes that Plato ranks having to do with how successful they can be. The best being a Aristocracy, then Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy and the worst being Tyranny. Each type of regime that fails degenerates into a worse regime. For example, if a Democracy fails then it later becomes a Tyranny.
Democracy is characterized throughout the books as freedom and unnecessary desires being supreme to the people that occupy this regime. In a democracy the people have the freedom to do whatever they want. Things like spending money and abiding by the law are things that people chose to do rather then enforced to do. The downfall of this is that putting so much power into the publics hands often backfires. Desires to want more money can make the people of that regime become apart of different classes. The rich becomes richer, while the poor become poorer. This makes a giant leap between the two and makes the middle class almost nonexistent.
The child of a democratic man are exposed to these issues and can later become what is know as the worst form of man. The unstable type of regime leaves the child to want to become a man or power and wealth. Which is the main reason why a democracy would quickly become a tyranny. The children who grew up in a democracy are so power and wealth hungry that chaos ensues. To gain reorder someone must become in power of the regime and that democratic regime has now just become a tyranny.
A tyranny is characterized in Plato’s Republic as a regime that is chaotic that a ruler must be put in place to help maintain some sort of order. This leader will be known to have the most power and is called a tyrant. The people often grow tired of a tyrant but never have the power to dethrone him. A tyrant is consumed by the desires of power so much that they will do anything to maintain it. For example, a tyrant would kill someone who spoke badly of his ruling, even if the murder was unreasonable. These irrational behaviors by a tyrant are important because if a tyrant would lose their power, they and its family would run a big risk of being killed for the tyrant previous wrong doings. The enforcement of a tyrant is a necessity so that he can maintain power no matter how corrupt the regime is run.
Although there are different ways a democracy can become a tyrannical society, there are different ways that a democracy can be saved. One way is to make sure that there is some form of discipline within the society. Democracy has to do with the freedom of the...

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