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An Analysis Of Plato's Republic

1348 words - 6 pages

Explain the passage’s meaning in context.
Societies hold value in the respect and virtuous abilities over others often times put justice on a pedestal and hold tight to it. In the eyes of Socrates is Plato’s Republic, Book VI he states that “In a suitable one [constitution], his [a philosopher's] own growth will be fuller and he will save the community as well as himself” (Plato “Republic”, p. 177, 497a). When you break it down this quote means when abiding by the laws held by the community each man must try to pursue the most virtuous version of themselves. However, being only a “suitable constitution” (Plato “Republic”, p. 177, 497a) there is no true way to become completely virtuous. However, it describes that all men have the ability to try. This notion carries on to describe that said acts will have great purpose among one’s peers. One mans’ betterment can affect not only himself but also the imperfect justice system of the community in great ways.
Demonstrate how the passage relates to main ideas in the chapter
The main idea of this chapter is arguing that the justice and governing of a society is imperfect no matter who does so. Socrates uses an analogy of a ship to define why this is a true statement on page 172 section 488 a-e in Plato’s “Republic” while relating to the precious metals of the soul in book 3 of the republic. A summary of this section revels that leaders who are born of gold are the ship’s captain, those of silver are navigators, and last iron and bronze are the crew. However, each position has its down fall in the aspects of the people who fill that spot. The gold group of ship captains has the ability to lead but does not have the insight to do so. Ship captains traits are quoted as being “tall and stronger than everyone else” (Plato “Republic”, p. 172, 488a) which means they have a commanding presence “but he is hard of hearing… shortsighted and his knowledge … is correspondingly deficient” (Plato “Republic”, p. 172, 488a-b). Unfortunately these traits make a person who things is always in his own right. The navigator a person of silver soul, is like a philosopher or guardian. The have the knowledge to do the right thing but lack the ability to follow through. In most instances they are thought to be unneeded or disregarded among people. These people all have a specific talent entrusted to them, which when done so correctly by actually working with the full crew they can save the ship and themselves.
Show how the passage resonates with ideas in the whole text
An important aspect of this text is defining what an ideal state is. In this fact the writing proceeds to define this topic in pieces. First by justice, and then by the types of people that create this ideal system. When it comes to the idea state everyone is working within their means. By this I am referring to the concept that “when the god was forming you, he mixed gold … silver … and iron and bronze” (Plato “Republic”, p. 129, 415a) into the soul to...

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