Plato's Theory Of Human Knowledge Essay

910 words - 4 pages

Plato's Theory of Human Knowledge

Plato contended that all true knowledge is recollection. He stated that we all have innate knowledge that tells us about the things we experience in our world. This knowledge, Plato believed, was gained when the soul resided in the invisible realm, the realm of The Forms and The Good.
Plato's theory of The Forms argued that everything in the natural world is representative of the ideal of that form. For example, a table is representative of the ideal form Table. The form is the perfect ideal on which the physical table is modeled. These forms do not exist in the natural world, as they are perfect, and there is nothing perfect in the natural world. Rather the forms exist in the invisible realm, the realm of The Good.
When the soul resided in the invisible realm, it experienced these perfect forms and retained that knowledge. However, when the soul is born into the natural world, it forgets that knowledge. In this world, the soul has no experience of perfection, and, therefore, cannot remember the forms. Yet, when the soul is confronted with something resembling the forms, it recollects what it once knew. We call this learning, but Plato believed it is actually recollection.
For example, when we see two sticks that are the same length, we say that they are equal. Yet, there is nothing in the natural world that shows us true equality. Therefore, we must have had knowledge of the idea of equality before we entered this world. When we see the two sticks of the same length, it triggers the recollection of the idea of equality.

Hence, Plato argues that our soul, before it entered this world, had knowledge of the form of equality when it was a part of the invisible realm. Upon entering this world, this knowledge was forgotten and had to be recollected. Thus, all knowledge of the forms, such as equality, justice, etc. is recollected.
However, in proving that what we call learning is actually recollection, Plato also proved that the soul is immortal. As was stated, there is no example of true perfection in our world. Yet, we can imagine the idea of perfection. Where could this idea come from if we have not experienced it in our world? We must have experienced it at some point if the idea is within us.
Thus, Plato argued that the soul must have existed outside of the natural world. In order for this to be so, it must be immortal, living before it came into this world. It only stands to reason, Plato contended, that it must continue to exist after it leaves this world. How else would it have been in...

Find Another Essay On Plato's Theory of Human Knowledge

Plato's Theory of Education Essay

1015 words - 4 pages of these mathematical concepts elevate the individual's form of thought in one truly monumental aspect. Moreover, the knowledge derived from arithmetic and geometry is invisible and as a result, causes the soul of the individual to proceed into a higher form of philosophical thought. Once the individual's soul is searching for its answers on an even more complex scale, they will transition to the final level in Plato's Theory of Education

Critique Of Plato's Theory Essay

951 words - 4 pages Critique of Plato's Theory In Plato's writings he addresses the issue of knowledge. How can one know things if not introduced to them by experience? Thus, Plato claimed that all knowledge was gained through experience. Not only is it derived from experience, but it is also a changing thing. Everything in life changes, therefore people's knowledge will change. Different people who live in different times and areas will know different

Knowledge of Good in Plato's The Republic

970 words - 4 pages knowledge of goodness is a sufficient condition for being good. A person who has seen what goodness is will henceforth act in a way that is good. Is this belief justified? For instance, we sometimes do things that we know are not good but we do them nonetheless and feel guilty after that. If, as such cases imply, knowledge of goodness is not a sufficient condition for being good, then Plato's dream of a utopia ruled by philosopher-kings could well be a

Theory of Knowledge.

1219 words - 5 pages Is There Knowledge We Should Not Seek? Or Is Knowledge Inherently A Good Thing And Can Only Persons be harmful?In the modern world we have witnessed the capability of science to produce weapons of mass destruction and improve our ability to cure diseases. We have seen on our televisions the effects of the wars that were 'needed' to contain communism, and many witnessed the human race extend our reach to space. Anything known to anyone is

The Theory of Knowledge

1671 words - 7 pages technology to allow new investigations into knowledge within the areas of human and natural sciences. Knowledge in the human sciences has been replaced for decades as new discoveries by the increased study of humans, and travel has caused the discarding of a vast array of theories. The development of technology has caused substantial growth in the production of knowledge in natural science, which has led to the disproving of a myriad of theories. I

The Theory of Knowledge

1781 words - 7 pages "That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow." Until 1900, human knowledge doubled approximately every century. Post-WWII, it doubled every 25 years. It now appears to grow exponentially. This has resulted in the revision of the information previously thought of as knowledge. This raises these knowledge issues: if knowledge that is accepted today is sometimes discarded tomorrow, and the aim of the natural

Theory of Knowledge

706 words - 3 pages because information may or may not be processed into knowledge depending on the situation. Think of someone entirely new to biology. How would someone know how the skeletal system works? Reading about it in theory is only one side of the system. If, however, a student takes an existing skeleton apart and learns about the different roles and functions played by each physical component, in time, the student will know enough about them and their

The Theory of Knowledge

1686 words - 7 pages many hypotheses and theories, such as Newton’s laws of physics and the Big Bang theory this often leads to the subject knowledge being further built upon and evolved. Although Scientific claims and hypotheses are frequently discarded, they can also be slightly altered to make them not false. Most frequently in the natural sciences, if theories have taken hold and are proven to be false, they may be replaced by a theory that simply changed minor

Theory of Knowledge Essay

1067 words - 5 pages The knowledge available is sometimes limited by ethical judgments but it depends on each human being how much would that knowledge could be limited for both natural sciences and arts depending on the aims and focuses that the scientist, artist or viewer on it respective case if the morals and ethical judgments of supposed person are against something this person will never dig into it however there is people that think different, were rose

Theory of Knowledge Paper

1615 words - 7 pages . Yet there are counterclaims to these descriptions of a historian's and a human scientist's task. These descriptions may not be completely true in the areas of knowledge. In the areas of knowledge of history and the human sciences, individuals come to know the task of a historian and human scientist through language and reason. Historians come to know the past through surviving records and texts. This is the language aspect of history. It is

The Theory of Knowledge - 1824 words

1824 words - 7 pages (Contessa 53), we would most likely observe nothing at all. The problem with limited perception can be avoided altogether if we consider knowledge in the natural sciences to be truths for us human beings only. However, if the number of interpretations of the world equated to the number of species with different perception, science cannot be said to be objective. And so science may well be subjective. But if so, why does it try to hide its subjectivity

Similar Essays

Plato's Theory Of Knowledge Essay

1276 words - 5 pages Plato's Theory of Knowledge Plato's Theory of Knowledge is very interesting. He expresses this theory with three approaches: his allegory of The Cave, his metaphor of the Divided Line and his doctrine The Forms. Each theory is interconnected; one could not be without the other. Here we will explore how one relates to the other. In The Cave, Plato describes a vision of shackled prisoners seated in a dark cave facing the wall

Plato "The Republic" Explain And Evaluate Plato's Theory Of Knowledge.

1148 words - 5 pages Plato's triangular theory of knowledge expounded in "The Republic" has acted as one of the most important contributions in philosophical history - particularly to the field of epistemology. Plato uses three powerful metaphors to explain what knowledge and goodness are: The simile of the sun, the image of the divided line, and the most famous of all, the allegory of the cave. The study of epistemology is primarily concerned with what knowledge is

George Berkeley And His Theory Of Human Knowledge God's Inexistence

1214 words - 5 pages in the late 17th and early 18th century a teacher from Trinity College in Dublin known as George Berkeley, whom eventually became a Anglican Bishop of Cloyne emerged out shadows to oppose John Locke's Theory of Human Knowledge. In which Berkeley denies Locke's theory and reduced the reality of the external world to the existence of finite spirits and the infinite spirit, God. He issues his theory of "Omne esse est percipi," or to be is to be

Personal View On Berkley's Theory Of Human Knowledge.

761 words - 3 pages that much or a bit more of his brain, he is considered a genius. Now returning back to Berkley's theory of god creating perception in the human mind, to me it is very close to fate. Both, fate and the theory, if they exist, are created by god and both are drilled into our mind. The only difference is that fate is our future path and the perception is our present path.Berkley's theory is nearly impossible to disprove as it deals with our senses