This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Plato’s Theory Of The Soul In The Republic

2176 words - 9 pages

Plato’s Republic introduces a multitude of important and interesting concepts, of topics ranging from music, to gender equality, to political regime. For this reason, many philosophers and scholars still look back to The Republic in spite of its age. Yet one part that stands out in particular is Plato’s discussion of the soul in the fourth book of the Republic. Not only is this section interesting, but it was also extremely important for all proceeding moral philosophy, as Plato’s definition has been used ever since as a standard since then. Plato’s confabulation on the soul contains three main portions: defining each of the three parts and explanation of their functions, description of the interaction of the parts, and then how the the parts and their interaction motivate action. This essay will investigate each segment, and seek to explain their importance.
For Plato, the soul is considered to have three parts: the appetitive or the passions, the spirited part or the will, the reasonable part or the intellect. The appetitive deals with the bodily necessities and desires. The appetite is often considered base or even sinful, but is clearly not so for Aristotle: the passions merely demonstrate a person’s basic necessities, which one can not consider without considering the human person in the same way. The spirited part reacts to injustices or incorrectness in one’s surroundings, and it is often described as the “angry” part, as anger deal with perception of injustice as well. The reasonable part concerns itself with finding the truth and distinguishing it from falsities, and is often considered both the highest and hardest to perfect part of the soul. Each part has its own intricacies and specifics, allowing them to aid the human person in different ways.
The appetite is perhaps the most controversial of the parts of the platonic soul, since it is the part that one can most easily observed leading oneself to wrong. For instance, consider an employee who has been assigned a project by his boss. The employee has been planning out the work he has to do, and has completed everything but one or two key parts, which can be left until the last night. However, on that night, the employee is invited by his friends to watch and tailgate for a football game, which he is lead to accept by council from his passions. This council, however, will also lead him to not complete the work project. On top of commonly being observed as at fault, the passions do not seem to have any apparent benefit either, as the appetite only directs one’s attention to his base needs, and not to higher pleasures or practices like the will and reason does.
So, in the Platonic view, what is the worth of the appetite? Plato does not specifically enter the topic in his Republic, but the reader is able to come across a few conclusions from what is said. First, from all the time that Plato spends discussing and teaching about them, it is not likely (though still technically possible) for...

Find Another Essay On Plato’s Theory of The Soul in The Republic

Plato’s Theory of “Recollection” Essay

1678 words - 7 pages . However, when, where and how the person gets this kind of opinions? When and where loses it (to this end, must recollect it)? These questions become a problem, to demonstrate it, it is inevitable to discuss about “soul is immortal”. Meno is discussing about “virtue”, but when “recollection” is proposed, people, before this life, must in some way know the objects are recollected. Therefore, to establish this theory of “recollection”, it must be

Plato’s Theory of Forms Essay

2218 words - 9 pages Plato’s Theory of Forms Plato, one of the greatest philosophers of all time, has had a profound effect on subsequent ages. He was born into an aristocratic Athenian family in about 428 BCE, and his are the earliest writings of philosophical findings that have been recorded. However Plato not only recorded his own findings, but those of his teacher, Socrates. Socrates, a man who was known by the Grecians to be a

Bhagavad Gita: The Theory of Soul vs. the Body

1593 words - 6 pages embodied self that which is never lost and cannot be measured (21).” To Krishna the bodies are not significant on account of the body will only be a temporary vessel. Warfare is necessary in Krishna’s eyes in view of the atman will still survive death regardless of what the circumstance. This idea of the body being worthless to humanity is the central theme in Krishna’s theory. The body to him is a mere vessel that contains the true soul in all humans

The Presentation of Socrates' Arguements in Plato’s Apology and Crito

967 words - 4 pages In both Plato’s Apology and Crito, Plato presents Socrates arguments clearly and precisely. Socrates is wise man with a different perspective on life, which presents us with a mass of contradictions. Socrates is an expressive man, yet he never recorded any works. He is ignorant, but wrongfully convicted who is willing to fight his unjust execution. Behind these dilemmas is an opposition not often explored. Socrates is the most patriotic of

The connection between Plato’s Cave Theory and three films

727 words - 3 pages Plato’s Cave Theory justifies prisoners being held in a cave since childhood. While the prisoners are confined in the cave, the only thing that they can see is the wall that they are in front of. Behind the prisoners is a giant fire; between the fire and prisoners is a walkway where puppeteers can walk. The puppeteers, who are behind the prisoners, hold up puppets that cast shadows on the wall of the cave. The prisoners are unable to see these

On Plato’s Critique of the Arts

912 words - 4 pages Catherine Dicus, On Plato's Critique of the Arts, Phil 270, Essay 3Plato calls for the expulsion of mimetic art in the Republic and the Apology. For example, in the Republic, Plato discredits "any kind of poetry that is imitative" (Book x) and in the Apology, he states, "The poets say many fine things, but know nothing of that of which they speak" (21d). Critiques of Plato's argument suggest that Plato's use of myths and images in his dialogues

The Soul of Dell

1058 words - 4 pages It can be argued that a corporate philosophy, value or mission statement can aid in a company’s ability to distinguish itself and standout against competitors. In addition, statements such as these can prove to be an effective medium in the improvement of employee performance and behavior (Seong, 2011). In the early 2000’s as Dell experienced a drop in market share, CEO Michael Dell turned to The Soul of Dell as a way to mend the corporation’s

Sections of The Soul

1284 words - 6 pages resonate in the human soul. The soul is broken into three sections according to Aristotle the first is passion, all of the feelings, fears, dreams, and goals a person has. The second section is the part of the mind that perceives the world around an individual and provides the ways a person feels and acts in situations. The third division of the soul is character; this is where an individual’s beliefs are kept as well as well as the part of personality

Reflection of the soul

834 words - 4 pages the reader an in depth look into a character’s soul. Fahrenheit 451 uses Clarisse, Mildred, and Faber’s appearance to help reflect their personalities and reinforce their influence in the novel. Clarisse McClellan is Montag’s teenage neighbor who is meant to represent impeccability. Unlike Montag’s wife, Clarisse questions the ideas of society. She is the spark that ignites a fire in Montag, doubting his dedication to his town. She is meant to be

Plato’s Crito: The Last Days of Socrates

1480 words - 6 pages , his death will reflect poorly on Crito. The people will think that Crito did nothing to save his friend. If Socrates is worried about the risk or the financial cost to Crito; it’s an expense that he is willing to pay, and that he made arrangements for Socrates to live a life of exile in a pleasant manner. The next argument that Crito pleads to Socrates is that, if he stays, he would be helping his enemies in their injustices, and in turn would

Plato - "The Republic" - Explain and Evaluate Plato's theory of knowledge

1148 words - 5 pages Plato's triangular theory of knowledge expounded in "The Republic" has acted as one of the most important contributions in philosophical history - particularly to the field of epistemology. Plato uses three powerful metaphors to explain what knowledge and goodness are: The simile of the sun, the image of the divided line, and the most famous of all, the allegory of the cave. The study of epistemology is primarily concerned with what knowledge is

Similar Essays

Theory Of The Soul Essay

673 words - 3 pages cogitate, scrutinize, and reflect, which gives them a significant advantage over plants and animals.In contrast to Plato's theory of the soul, Aristotle believes that the soul cannot exist apart from the body because the soul requires the body in order to subsist. There is no preexistence for the soul; hence humans are born with a mind devoid of content. The soul is passed on by the father, not created by a godly being. Due to the fact that the soul

Outline Plato’s Arguments For The Distinct Existence Of The Soul

1235 words - 5 pages without being eternal. However, the specific interest of this argument is in attributing the eternal quality to the soul, only possible when the soul is credited as a distinct entity.The three arguments have all the pre - suppositions created by Plato's previous thinking on the soul and knowledge, examples being the application of the theory of forms and the idea that the soul chooses to enter the human body.As all dualistic concepts of the soul

Plato’s Theories On The Immortal Soul

1810 words - 7 pages certain people are capable of allowing reason to dominate. In short, Plato believed that the soul was divided into three parts: appetite, spirit, and reason, also known as the Tripartite Theory. Plato’s diagnosis of human nature is the ruling of spirit or appetite over reason in a society creates an imperfect society, which creates flawed individuals who continue to influence the imperfect society. It was believed by Plato that appetite, spirit

Aristotle's Theory Of The Soul In The De Anima

778 words - 4 pages Aristotle's Theory of the Soul in the De Anima centres on the kinds of souls possessed by different kinds of living things, distinguished by their different operations. He holds that the soul is the form, or essence of any living thing; that it is not a distinct substance from the body that it is in; that it is the possession of soul (of a specific kind) that makes an organism an organism at all, and thus that the notion of a body without a soul