Plato’s Vs. Aristotle’s Theory Of Knowledge

1861 words - 8 pages

Philosophy has guided great thinkers towards obtaining a radical grasp on the world. Masterminds like these are born, grow up, and die; yet, their theories tend to impact humanity’s perception of the world. We call them philosophers, although geniuses such as Plato and Aristotle are the leading examples of understanding simple, but uncovered questions that make up our character. For example, what is life? This is a popular question that people have asked themselves from the moment reason kicks in. What is eudaimonia? A question with a valid response answered by the Aristotelian thought into Christianity; which is said to be achieved though the virtuous life. But in fact, these questions ...view middle of the document...

What we see, touch, and feel have a source of error in the world we live in. This indicates that Plato’s view on true knowledge is linked to what is “truly real”. He specified that the link to his theory of knowledge have to do with the forms. Meaning that Objects we perceive through our senses are only real if they are true participants of the forms.
Plato’s forms are said to be ideas, but he believes it’s the representation of true beauty that’s characterized as eternal, fixed, and perfect. You many think; “Aren’t forms constantly changing?” Plato would mention; “ Forms are unmoving and invisible.” As a result, his theory created the model for Christian theology. Supposing that Plato didn’t believe in a higher being, he still saw that there was something beyond the world of sensible objects.
Leading on to Plato’s theory of knowledge, he provides a wide elaboration of knowledge by explaining the Myth of the Cave. His explanation of the cave testifies to a group of prisoners who are immobile due to the restraint of the chains. They can only face forward just to distinguish the wall that’s in front of them. Behind the prisoners, there’s a great fire that flings shadows of substances that pass around. Without doubt, the prisoners haven’t been out of the cave, so they believe the shadows are what make their reality. But then, one of the many prisoners finally escapes and after being bewildered by the sunlight, he ultimately gets to see the real world. After seeing beauty all around him, the prisoner goes back to tell the others of his miraculous finding. Although, the prisoners don’t believe him because they are only fixed on the knowledge they’ve seen through the shadows.
What Plato meant to say is that the caves representation of the world is the one experienced through our sensibility and the world of light is the realm of forms. In other worlds, it’s the world beyond our own. As a matter of fact, Plato affirmed that objects we touch and feel have a lesser phenomenon because of its form is flawed to a certain point. Apart from this, he mentions that the perfect world that’s beyond our reach is eternal, fixed, and perfect. He’s also telling you that knowledge is the characteristic of true reality. For example, sensory objects such as a computer, keyboard, or blankets have some sort of error in them. Of course, we don’t see this error because they are imperfect reflections and are like the shadows in the cave.
Some individuals might call Plato a skeptic; in other words, someone that believes knowledge is not possible. Although, we can say that skeptical conclusions are found deep in the mind of the sophists. Plato’s epistemology is surrounded by the idea of a more perfect world apart from the one we see and feel. Of course, his theory is a mere opinion, but his statement presents the view of the possible meaning of knowledge.
Besides Plato’s famous “Allegory of the Cave”, he mentions “the divided line”; which he demonstrates in book VI. The...

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