This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Plato Vs. Aristotle On Art Essay

1979 words - 8 pages

For over two thousand years, various philosophers have questioned the influence of art in our society. They have used abstract reasoning, human emotions, and logic to go beyond this world in the search for answers about arts' existence. For philosophers, art was not viewed for its own beauty, but rather for the question of how art and artists can help make our society more stable for the next generation. Plato, a Greek philosopher who lived during 420-348 B.C. in Athens, and Aristotle, Plato’s student who argued against his beliefs, have no exceptions to the steps they had to take in order to understand the purpose of art and artists. Though these two philosophers made marvelous discoveries about the existence of art, artists, and aesthetic experience, Plato has made his works more controversial than Aristotle.
During the ancient times in Greece, Plato was the first human to document and criticize the existence of art and artists. He mentioned that human art was always in a form of a representation of something else. In one of Plato’s famous works, he demonstrates the idea of art is like an “imitation of nature” (Blocker 3). In other words, the purpose of art was to represent nature and nothing else. Art was not created for the sake of its own self nor was it created to appreciate its own beauty by any means. Instead, art, usually in forms of writings, paintings, or sculptures, was created to only to represent nature, Gods, emperors, families, or other important individuals. Furthermore, Plato had a very critical view towards the existence art in our society because art makes us more emotional, and our emotions lead to many errors about life. He believed it is our rational thinking, not our emotions or senses, which helps us understand this world. He utters, “Knowledge can only come by grasping nature which underlies the causes of things… people in art create practical senses to know how things work but don’t know in a scientific purpose why” (Blocker 4). Here, he is a believer in those who use knowledge to understand nature in reality and is against people who use their senses through art to understand the beauty of nature. In addition, Plato says artists promote the use of our senses over reason through something they do not have an experience of. According to Plato, “There are philosophers, who form an idea, then a craftsperson, who makes the physical representation of the idea, and then the poor artist who creates a copy of a copy of that idea” (Blocker 5). In this sense, an artist has no clue what he is creating because his works are only imitations of other people’s ideas. Therefore, Plato considered artists to be dangerous in the human society because they are not experts in the representations they create.
Plato takes an addition step at making fun of artists when he stresses people’s role in the great society. He despises an artist’s existence in a great society because he believes each individual should master only one skill in...

Find Another Essay On Plato Vs. Aristotle on Art

Plato vs Aristotle Essay

1823 words - 7 pages of habit and training. Because if this, he believed that people can be taught to be virtuous. He said that people must know- the deliberately choose to do- what is good.”(Pacquette 269) Aristotle and Plato had very similar views on ethics due to both living in the same era in ancient Greece. Political and social theories between the two philosophers were very different. Plato had very Totalitarian or even communist views for state government

Aristotle vs Plato Essay

1089 words - 4 pages for the ends of making people happy, and keeping them in their places is one of the primary methods by which they go about doing so. Aristotle, on the other hand, is displeased by the communal approach Plato takes to politics and its relationship to truth and happiness. While Plato argues that the place of each person in society, as ordained by the state, contributes to individuals’ happiness, Aristotle looks upon this claim with some

The Beliefs of Plato vs Aristotle

3784 words - 15 pages , Aristotle was never initiated and depended on logical speculation for the development of his theories. This accounts for his many divergences from the teachings of Plato, whose philosophy was based upon the wisdom of the ancient East. According to Diogenes Laertius, Aristotle fell away from his teacher while Plato was still alive, whereat Plato remarked, "Aristotle has kicked me, as foals do their mothers when they are born." While there is

Aristotle Vs. Plato Learning Is Recollection

650 words - 3 pages , a man of art is to be seen as wiser, because not only do they know what happens, they know why things happen. Also, the man of art can teach, which men regard as the highest form of wisdom, while men of experience cannot. In short, he sees wisdom as the highest form of knowledge, and it’s only attainable by experience. A man of experience is wiser than the common man, and a man of art is wiser than men of experience. Aristotle goes on to talk

PLato Vs Aristotle - Principles of Political Power

768 words - 3 pages Throughout history, many scholars have attempted to develop the perfect governing body. Three of these major scholars, Plato; Jefferson; and Aristotle, have had a great impact on our government. The most influential of the three on contemporary US society is Jefferson.In contemporary US society, the individual comes first. Individual rights have been promoted throughout our history. The ruling party has been used to enforce these rights


1803 words - 7 pages the moral regulation of the state. The state governed not only art and music but also family and intimate matters of individuals of the state. Plato did not believe in the institution of marriage and family. Aristotle, on the other hand, allowed family and marriage but regulated the minimum age for marriage and the number of children the citizens were allowed to conceive. Aristotle and Plato believed in the rule of one man or a group of people

Plato vs. Aristotle's Ideas on Poets

2028 words - 8 pages In the Republic by Plato, he makes a harsh case against the poets of his time. Aristotle on the other hand in his written work called the poetics, makes a case for the poets and why they are a benefit to society. In Plato’s eyes poetry corrupts individuals of a society. In the Republic he states, “There is an old quarrel between philosophy and poetry” (607b). It makes them believe things that aren’t necessarily true. Although he concluded

Comparing Plato and Aristotle on government and the concept of good

1645 words - 7 pages Plato is primarily concerned with knowing the good. In the Republic, Plato intends to define justice and describes an elaborate city-state setup with the goal of being a just city. A guardian class of philosophers rules in Plato's city, because these are the only people who can know the good. Everyone else's role in the city is to do their work to support the city so that the guardians are able to philosophize. Aristotle does not follow this

Discussion on Abstract Art vs. 'Fine' Art

1081 words - 4 pages that the blocks of color by Mark Rothko are fine art, and that Wassily Kandinsky's squiggles and lines indicate a much deeper meaning. However, work such as theirs simply does not even fall into the same quality of expression as Botticelli. One requires the use of talent, time, and skill, while the other could have been made just as easily if a pot of paint accidentally fell on a piece of canvas. To hang them side-by-side, or even within the same

Aristotle Vs. Epicurus. Dealing largly with their views on their ideal societys. Ultimately points to Epicurus as superior

1059 words - 4 pages an inherent desire to participate in politics and this desire should be satisfied. Aristotle points out that all relationships: Man and wife, Man and child, Man and slave, and Man and property, should have the soul purpose of relieving the man of burden so he may focus on politics. Aristotle doesn't see politics as a part of life, but a way of life.In his writings he states, "If liberty and equality, as is thought by some are chiefly to be found

Art Analysis of The Luncheon of the Boating Party vs A Sunday on La Grande Janette

878 words - 4 pages very pleasing to the eye. Renoir reflects the theme is this painting because the impressionist style was new to the art field, just as the advances from the industrial revolution were new to the people of the world.      A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte by Georges Seurat is a vibrant piece, that reflects his pointillism style. This painting displays elegant, emotionless people taking a leisurely walk on a nice Sunday

Similar Essays

Plato & Aristotle Differences In Art

629 words - 3 pages term, Art. Today, as we study the philosophical ideas of how and why things are, as they seem, we are reminded of the ideas and believes of both Plato and his mentee Aristotle. What they have had deem as art and its representation are of so much value though the differences are subjected to its matter. However amongst all these, it came from the same agreement in its form of mimesis, in other words, imitation. Art today has been classified as a

The Perspective Of Plato And Aristotle On The Value Of Art

1389 words - 6 pages The Perspective of Plato and Aristotle on the Value of Art   As literary critics, Plato and Aristotle disagree profoundly about the value of art in human society. Plato attempts to strip artists of the power and prominence they enjoy in his society, while Aristotle tries to develop a method of inquiry to determine the merits of an individual work of art. It is interesting to note that these two disparate notions of art are based upon the

Imitation; Truthful Or Deceptive? The Concept Of Art To Plato And Aristotle

1810 words - 7 pages imitation. Both philosophers are concerned with the artist?s ability to have significant impact on others. It is the imitative function of art which promotes disdain in Plato and curiosity in Aristotle. Examining distinctions between the two arguments by their different conceptions of the reality that art professes to imitate, the process of imitation, and the inherent strengths and weaknesses of imitation as a form of artistic expression may lead to

Aristotle Vs. Plato Essay

1397 words - 6 pages Aristotle vs. Plato Excellence is a function which renders excellent the thing of which it is a function is Plato’s definition of virtue. What does this definition really mean though? Plato and Aristotle both had their own unique arguments devoted to the topic at hand, and their own ways of describing what virtue really is. Defining virtue may seem to be an easy taste, but to truly understand the arguments behind the definition can prove to