Plato Vs. Aristotle's Ideas On Poets

2028 words - 8 pages

In the Republic by Plato, he makes a harsh case against the poets of his time. Aristotle on the other hand in his written work called the poetics, makes a case for the poets and why they are a benefit to society. In Plato’s eyes poetry corrupts individuals of a society. In the Republic he states, “There is an old quarrel between philosophy and poetry” (607b). It makes them believe things that aren’t necessarily true. Although he concluded that Homer helped to shape Greece and its society, he believes Homer is a harm to the people as well. He states, “Praisers of Homer who say that this poet educated Greece, and that in the management and education of human affairs it is worthwhile to take him up for study and for living, by arranging one's whole life according to this poet” (606e).
Plato’s Republic Book II focuses on Socrates’ Principle of Specialization. Glaucon and Ademinatus to define justice in society put Socrates to a challenge. The critique of poetry arises from Socrates trying to decide how the children of his ideal society should be educated. Socrates deemed that poets like Homer for example wrote about behaviors that were meant to be ideal for individuals in a society, but Socrates did not believed these were always the best way to behave or act. Since young people are naïve and do not have a lot of wisdom yet, they do not know what is true and false or what the difference between right and wrong is so, they must be taught these values at a young age. Therefore, they can only hear stories that promote good behaviors because it is hard to change an individual’s idea of something once it has been engrained in their minds at a young age to be true.
Socrates though that God needs to be portrayed in a light that shows how good he really is. This is a reason that Socrates targets theology. Plato states, “Altogether simple and true in deed and speech…[God] doesn't himself change or deceive others by illusions, speeches, or the sending of signs either in waking or dreaming” (382e). He also states, “There is no lying poet in a god” (382d9). God is the form of the good. He is all knowing and incapable of doing anything wrong. Socrates believed that poets weren’t always portraying God in such a great light.
In Book III, Socrates brings up the critique that poetry can negatively affect the virtues of the young. Socrates did not like the tragic worldview and instead wanted men to be viewed as more virtuous and not suffering from such inner conflict. Socrates states, Poets and prose writers get the greatest things concerning human beings wrong. They say many unjust people are happy and many just ones wretched that doing injustice is profitable if it escapes detection, and that just ice is another’s good but one’s own loss (392a-392b).
Socrates wants them to say the exact opposite of this. He basically says what poets can and cannot say in his society in order to make sure individuals believe the right things in his mind. ...

Find Another Essay On Plato vs. Aristotle's Ideas on Poets

POLITICS OF SOCRATES, PLATO AND ARISTOTLE By Walubo Jude Tadeo

990 words - 4 pages their ultimate goals. Although Socrates, Plato and Aristotle's political views of the State are similar, Plato's view is more rational than Socrates and Aristotle's in the sense that he created an ideal State. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were three philosophers in ancient Greece who believed that no man was self-sufficient enough to live on his own. Plato believed "a State comes into existence because no individual is self-sufficing" (Stumph, 70

Aristotle's life and achievements Essay

940 words - 4 pages . It has been thought to have help shape the modern language and common sense. His doctrine of the Prime Mover as a final cause played an important role in theology. Until the 20th century, logic meant Aristotle's logic. Until the Renaissance, and even later, astronomers and poets alike admired his concept of the universe. Zoology rested on Aristotle's work until Britishscientist Charles Darwin modified the doctrine of Aristotle's species theory

On Plato’s Critique of the Arts

912 words - 4 pages Catherine Dicus, On Plato's Critique of the Arts, Phil 270, Essay 3Plato calls for the expulsion of mimetic art in the Republic and the Apology. For example, in the Republic, Plato discredits "any kind of poetry that is imitative" (Book x) and in the Apology, he states, "The poets say many fine things, but know nothing of that of which they speak" (21d). Critiques of Plato's argument suggest that Plato's use of myths and images in his dialogues

The Evolving Role of Poetry and the Poet

2408 words - 10 pages Plato's mind. That is why the opinion has been offered that Ion was written as a spoof on Divine inspiration, and that had strong convictions against the belief in inspiration. Aristotle began studying at The Academy under Plato when he was not yet twenty. He continued to study and teach philosophy argument at The Academy for twenty years before beginning his own school. Aristotle began to favor Materialism over Plato's Idealism, and opened

To what extent,how and why Plato's and Aristotle's democracy differ from the modern conception of the democracy

1703 words - 7 pages Reflection PaperManjieva EditaTo what extent, how and why, Plato and Aristotle's conception of democracy differ from the modern conception of democracy.Many of our ideas about democracy originated with the ancient Greeks. The Greeks roots of the world democracy are demos, meaning the "people" or, to put it in Aristotle's way, self-government by the many, as opposed to the few or the one. This is similar to Lincoln's definition: "government of

Aristotle

557 words - 2 pages Aristotle (b. 384 - d. 322 BC), was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory. Aristotle's' writing reflects his time, background and beliefs. Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia. His father, Nichomacus, was the personal physician to the King of Macedonia

The Views Of Reality Of Plato and Aristotle

1015 words - 4 pages assume that both philosophers shared the same beliefs and theories, but in fact, quite the opposite, although some theories of one gave ideas of theories to another. Plato was a great believer in God, and Aristotle lived to the rules of science, and thus this created the all famous Plato and Aristotle Dichotomy.PlatoPlato's work is very famous, and his theories are sometimes used in novels, soap operas, and movies. Plato, the older of these two

Comparing Plato and Aristotle on government and the concept of good

1645 words - 7 pages good, I will show that they have contrasting political theories, and that Aristotle's political theory is more realistic and obtainable than Plato's political theory.Although Plato never says what the good actually is, he does state that only philosophers can know what the good is (). Plato offers two analogies as to why philosophers are capable of ruling, and why they should rule. The first is the analogy of a ship. On this ship, the captain is

Matthew Arnold versus Aristotle's Poetics

3851 words - 15 pages , despite many references in Arnold's work to Aristotelian ideas generally, to concentrate on one piece of work by Arnold; a piece of work where he more specifically refers to Aristotelian ideas of imitation. This is the 1853 Preface to The Poems of Matthew Arnold 1840-1866. I will therefore, where appropriate, compare and contrast this Preface to the Poetics. Such an approach gives us a chance to look at Aristotle in his own right, and also to

Nature vs. Nurture Debate

1139 words - 5 pages thoughts are due to experience (Ashcraft, 1998). Unlike Plato, Aristotle hypothesized that humans were not born with knowledge, but they acquire it through experience (Ashcraft, 1998). Aristotle's idea of the tabula rasa is not believed today. Nevertheless, his belief that the environment was a vital factor in behavior influenced many empiricists throughout history. During the late 1700s, the nature vs. nurture debate began to heat up between

Socrates, A great Philosopher

1005 words - 5 pages Socrates and then of Plato. Aristotle then realized that Socrates started philosophy and then having Plato as a student, Plato then began spending his whole life on philosophy. This impacted Aristotle's, realizing that each one built off from the other. These skills and history on philosophy was then past down to Aristotle. In which he was able to become known for his new philosophies. Aristotle died in 322 BCE due to a disease in which he had

Similar Essays

Plato Vs. Aristotle On Art Essay

1979 words - 8 pages something they do not have an experience of. According to Plato, “There are philosophers, who form an idea, then a craftsperson, who makes the physical representation of the idea, and then the poor artist who creates a copy of a copy of that idea” (Blocker 5). In this sense, an artist has no clue what he is creating because his works are only imitations of other people’s ideas. Therefore, Plato considered artists to be dangerous in the human

Nature Vs. Nurture: John Locke On Innate Ideas

1705 words - 7 pages In book one of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, John Locke argues against innate ideas using three arguments. The intention of this paper will be to discuss John Locke’s views on ideas while introducing and explaining his three arguments against innate ideas in detail touching on his idea of tabula rasa. Furthermore, it will briefly discuss alternative views on innate ideas as both conflicting and similar. John Locke’s writings came at

W.E.B. Du Bois Vs. Booker T. Washington´S Ideas On Civil Rights

1153 words - 5 pages that the black community could become equal to the white community by educating themselves to the point they were acknowledged. Booker T. Washington on the other hand had other ideas for blacks. Both were great segregation leaders that brought great change to the country. Booker T. Washington wanted opportunities for the blacks, but he did not want equality. On the other hand W.E.B. DuBois focused on the exact opposite of Washington. He believed

Aristotle Essay

630 words - 3 pages Aristotle's Own Plato may have been the greatest of Greek philosophers. But he failed to convince his greatest student of these doctrines. As founder of the Academy, he set up the first school in Athens. It was here that Aristotle came to study. Though Aristotle was a student of Plato, he spent his life developing his own theories and concepts quite different from those of Platonists. Aristotle went on to create the Lyceum school, also located