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Plato Vs Socrates Essay

1214 words - 5 pages

Plato's point of view is different from many other peoples. He says that people do wrong not because they are inherently evil, but because they are unclear about what is best for them. While the good truly is good, the pleasant do not know good and therefore have the incorrect belief of good. He is saying someone who is good knows what good is and those who do not do good do not know good itself.

Plato believes that the contemporary society is mistaken about their interpretations of good and pleasant. Society believes that good is pleasant. Plato portrays this message through the mouth piece of Socrates. The philosopher Polus argues that good is made by the possessor. He says one can achieve good through their actions. Good is achievable by all, different to all and can be attained by the possessor through good actions.

Socrates argues that his definition is correct. He says civilization does good not for good itself but for other reasons. He says, humans do make the medicine for the sake of medicine but they make this to improve the health and well-being of someone. People are concerned about the results of the good they are doing rather than the action of doing good itself. Socrates mentions that a long distance runner does not run incredibly long distances just for the thrill of running, but the runner runs these long distances to maintain his health and to stay fit.

Socrates gives Polus an example as to how his definition of good is wrong. Kings are faced with criminals everyday that must be punished for their wrongful actions. The criminals must be put to death supposedly for the "good of the state." This is one example of how a ruler or possessor does what he does he thinks is good. The actions a ruler makes are subject to the ruler's beliefs and morals. This contradicts what Polus says that power is good for the possessor.

Socrates also says that anything enjoyable is enjoyable in itself. He is saying that the reason people have fun is or enjoy themselves is because they want to. He makes a comment that someone eats not just to eat but to satisfy their urge for hunger. Many of the actions society makes is for pleasure in itself. Plato has a different understanding. He believes any action is not is not carried through just for something to do but is completed for the sake of the pleasure that comes with the performance. Plato then changes his comments back to not what is pleasurable but to what is wrong.

Polus says that humans get pleasure from doing wrong and those that do wrong and are not penalized are unhappy. Socrates comes back and says that people hurt more by doing wrong than being penalized for their actions of wrong. He says it is more disgraceful to do wrong than to suffer for the wrong one has done. Polus disagrees yet again saying, no one can set the good and the evil as being equally disgraceful.

All of this talk leads to their greatest argument. This...

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