Play Education is an ideal strategy for elementary and pre-elementary educators to use in their classrooms because it incorporates fun and spontaneous activities into education to help students explore the world through their senses.
Play is one of the single best ways for an educator to be able to get the child’s brain fully stimulated. Since play is dynamic, it is an ever-changing process that is interactive, creative, imaginative, as well as multi sensory. This means that play helps to facilitate a child’s sensorimotor and physical development as well as develop cognitively. According to Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky, “ It seems to me that from the point of development, play is not ...view middle of the document...
This process of play may be the single most important thing that humans do. Some scientists have suggested that it was by playing that human beings developed their frontal lobes (Furlow, 2001). The Dutch historian Johan Huizinga (1986) in his classic work on play, Homo Ludens (Man at Play), suggested that play “as a social impulse is older than culture itself.... Ritual grew up in sacred play; poetry was born in play and nourished on play; music and dancing were pure play.... We have to conclude that civilization is, in its earliest phases, played” (Armstrong, Thomas)
There are six major types of play that children engage in regularly, they are categorized as. Locomotor, social, parallel, object, language, pretend.
Locomotor play includes running and jumping and climbing and generally all physical activities. It is know to help the physical training of muscles that help with endurance and skill. It is well documented that playground type activities like having a recess can help students concentrate better in sedentary activities and lessons.
Social play is better known as interactions the students have with peers, caregivers, or even their parents. In younger ages between birth and two years social play is minimal and can be very difficult for children to properly accomplish but around the ages of 3-4 years children should be able to play in groups consisting of three or more, as the children age even more they should be able to handle larger groups of peers.
Parallel play, this is when children are next to each other but don’t interact with one another. Hence the name “parallel play” meaning the students are just side by side with no interaction. Parallel play tends to be solitary where children are either using blocks or legos or drawing. Parallel play is most common in 2-3 year olds.
Object play is the fourth major play type, this play type means that children are using building blocks, jigsaw puzzles, cars, dolls, ect. to help them develop. Object play is most successful in helping children learn to problem solve through the manipulation of the objects they are playing with, it allows the students to think outside...