This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Plural Inflection Essay

1239 words - 5 pages

Acquisition of Plural Infection Language is the main vehicle by which we know about other people's thoughts. Every time we speak we are revealing something about language. Nonetheless, learning a first language is something most children do successfully, in a matter of a few years and without the need for formal lessons. By the time a child enters elementary school, he or she is a fluently speaker. Before children become effective language users they go thorough different language acquisition stages. Within language acquisition children also develop morphological grammatical inflections. One grammatical inflection that children acquire as they are learning the language is the plural {-s} inflection. Children also develop the various phonological plural allomorphs in the process of language acquisition. In this paper I will discuss the acquisition of language, plural {-s} inflection and the development of phonological plural allomorphs.Children's language usually develops in a systematic and sequential process. The early years of language development can be categorized into four main stages and these include, the prelinguistic stage, the holophrastic stage, the pivot-label stage, and the telegraphic stage. The first stage of language acquisition is the prelinguistic stage. This stage develop during the first 10 to 13 months of life, when children are in the prelinguistic stage of language development they are incapable of combining sounds to form words. According to Anisfeld, author of the book Language Development From Birth to Three, children that are at the prelinguistic communicate by crying, cooing, and babbling. Although children may differ in ages at which they move from one stage of vocalization to another, the overall sequence is roughly the same for practically all prelinguistic infants (Anisfeld, 1984). The second stage of language acquisition is the holophrastic stage. This stage begins between 12 to 18 months and babies utter single recognizable word called holophrase. In English, some first common words are "mama", "daddy", "bye-bye" and "no" (Anisfeld, 1984). The most significant aspect of this speech is that the child is using this single word to represent an entire sentence. For example, "mama" may mean "Mommy please pick me up." The third stage of language acquisition is the Pivot-label stage. The pivot-label stage begins at about 18 months to 24 months. This stage refers to the two-word stage of language acquisition. Similar to the holophrase, the two words uttered by the child represent an entire sentence. For example, "my ball" may mean "Mommy I want to play." The last language acquisition is the telegraphic stage. This stage occurs between 24 to 36 months and the child uses three or more words to represent adult speech. According to Anisfed, "the telegraphic speech of children retains appropriate semantic elements but omits functional words such, prepositions, conjunctions and articles." (p. 47) For example, a child at this...

Find Another Essay On Plural Inflection

How do children learn the meaning of words

2203 words - 9 pages test'. The experiment was used to test if a child had learnt the plural 's' rule and could apply it. The child is presented with a picture of a creature and told it is a 'Wug'. They are then presented with two of the creature and asked 'Now there are two. There are two …' If the child says 'Wugs' it shows they have learnt the plural 's' inflection rule. It used a made up creature, 'Wug', to make sure that it was actually testing if the

Germanic Influences on the Old-English Language (and Modern-English Influences on Dutch)

1009 words - 5 pages to be understood as a nominative, genitive, dative, or accusative, and whether it was singular or plural (Freeborn 23). In modern-day English, the nominative typically is the first noun of a sentence, while that was not necessary in an Old-English text. After all, the inflection of the word would show that it was the subject. Even though word order in modern German is not nearly as free as this system, the German language still uses inflections

Semantic Choices a Writer Makes in the Construction of Meaning

1924 words - 8 pages or inflection deals with variation that words display on the foundation of their grammatical context. English has only eight kinds of inflectional affixes, including the plural –s and –es, the –s, -ing, -ed and –en added to verbs to show tense, and the –er, -est added to adjectives and adverbs to show comparisons (Freeman, 2004). It carries information within grammars. In the passage, “we had only expected a few dozen people to turn up” told the

How does syntactic and semantic knowledge contribute to our understanding of a piece of text

2426 words - 10 pages stage." Parsing is the process by which the words in the message are transformed into a mental representation of the combined meaning of the words. While the utilisation is the stage in which the comprehenders actually use the mental representation of the sentence. It is also important to look at the syntactic clues in relation to comprehension for example: Inflection: An alternation of the form of a word by adding affixes, as in English dogs from

Basic elements of structure and word categories

2850 words - 11 pages Street)*Function as names for people (pets), places, institutions*Always have definite reference unless used as common noun*Do not generally take adjective, determiner or other dependents unless as part of name (*the Canada, *the Sarah, *long Barrington Street)or Common (cat, human, kindness)*If common, they can be countable (i.e. be singular or plural as in boy/boys, goose/geese, child/children), or non-countable (butter, milk, happiness

"The Medium is the Message"

2293 words - 9 pages extension of ourselves.” Simply put the medium personifies or enhances what we as humans cannot do on our own. In a mass media perspective this means the use of technology including radio, television, and the Internet to project our thoughts, feelings, and senses (Frederman) . Finally, it is important to note that the plural of the word medium is media. Now that there is a general understanding of the medium, the other important word McLuhan spoke of

Immediacy and Affective Learning It is important to use a wide range of immediacy behaviors to positively influence the affective learning of every child

2843 words - 11 pages using positive facial expressions, changing vocal tonalities, assuming a relaxed body posture, leaning into a conversation, making eye contact, arranging an appropriate classroom environment, removing physical barriers such as a desk, and using hand gestures. Behaviors such as using students' first names, adding humor to lessons, asking for students opinions, using plural pronouns such as us and we, and practicing self-disclosure are examples of

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Similar Essays

Acquisition Of Plural Infection Essay

1336 words - 5 pages . Before children become effective language users they go thorough different language acquisition stages. Within language acquisition children also develop morphological grammatical inflections. One grammatical inflection that children acquire as they are learning the language is the plural {-s} inflection. Children also develop the various phonological plural allomorphs in the process of language acquisition. Children's language usually

Subject Verb Agreement Essay

1491 words - 6 pages person of its subject .English verbs don't agree with their subjects in the same way that Arabic verbs do .They do not mark gender at all and mark –number only in the third-person singular. Compared to Arabic verb inflection". 3- In Arabic in all tenses ,there are agreement markers on the verb for the singular male, singular female, dual male, dual female, plural male and plural female subject. In English , it has the agreement markers just in

Researchpaper

1488 words - 6 pages mismatching the subjects with verbs. Generally speaking, there are two theories that explain why inflectional morphemes like plural and tense markers in English are difficult for L2 learners: the Missing Surface Inflection Hypothesis (Byrd, n.d.) and the Representational Deficit Hypothesis (Farrell, 2009). According to Shibuya and Wakabayashi (2008), both hypotheses argue that while L2 learners might not have a difficult time learning the basics

A Brief Look At The History Of English

2007 words - 9 pages contree, ryueres, plentee, egle, and lyoun.In general word order is now very close to that of our time, though we notice constructions like hath the body more gret and three sithes more þan is the water of the see. We also notice that present tense verbs still receive a plural inflection as in beren, dwellen, han, and ben and that while nominative þei has replaced Aelfric's hi in the third person plural, the form for objects is still