Podcasting In The 21st Century Essay

1783 words - 7 pages

Podcasting in the 21st CenturyNamed the "Word of the Year" by the New Oxford American Dictionary in 2005, podcasting has grown in popularity enormously in the last several years. Beginning back in 2000, podcasting has now become as accepted as radio or television. What started as a simple concept is now being used by the Prime Minister of Canada. There are literally thousands of topics one can discover with podcasts. From computers to movies, from cooking to driving, the discussions are endless. It has opened the world to a new form of interaction, and the online community has welcomed this innovative type of communication with open arms.What is it?Podcasting can be defined as a digital recording of a radio broadcast or similar program, made available on the Internet for downloading to a personal audio player. It is distributed over the Internet, usually by subscriptions, for playback on personal music players or a computer. Most podcasters will offer direct downloads or streaming audio of their files on their website. However, what makes a podcast unique from other digital audio is its ability to be downloaded automatically using software, such as RSS or Atom, to read feed formats.HistoryThe concept of using syndication feed enclosures was first proposed by Tristan Louis in October of 2000. Dave Winer, the creator of the RSS format, shared the concept with Adam Curry. Many consumers began to ask Winer for audioblogging features. He included this function in RSS 0.92, by creating a new element called "enclosure". It would pass the address of a multimedia file to an RSS aggregator. He showcased this new feature on January 11, 2001, by enclosing a Grateful Dead song in his weblog. Winer's company included the new aspect in Radio Userland, their weblogging product. The program had a built-in aggregator, so it could easily provide the "send" and "receive" components of what was then called audioblogging.The enclosure element was not widely accepted. Until 2003, very few developers used it in their blogging software. In September 2003, Winer made a unique RSS feed, with enclosures, for his colleague Christopher Lydon. Lydon's weblog had previously contained only text-based feeds. With the new feed, he posted 25 thorough interviews with bloggers and politicians. Winer used this to encourage other aggregator developers to use and support enclosure.The first Bloggercon weblogger conference was held in October of 2003. CDs of Lydon's interviews were handed out to show the high-quality content enclosures could offer. A script was also demonstrated to download RSS enclosures and transfer them to iTunes, then to an iPod.By October 2004, detailed articles describing how to create podcasts began to appear online. The next month, liberated syndication (libsyn) instigated the first Podcast Service Provider, providing storage, bandwidth, and RSS creation tools.Carl Franklin, a publisher of the audio talk show .NET Rocks!, started the first official podcast...

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