Polar Bears And Their Retreating Habitat

2291 words - 9 pages

Include the scientific and common names of your species

The Polar bears scientific name is Ursus maritimus, which means “maritime bear”. This was coined in 1774 by Commander C.J. Phipps. The reason for this name was because of the polar bears dependence on the Arctic sea ice, which they spend most of their time traveling and hunting. Another name is Nanuk which is the Inuit name meaning seal bear. According to Polar Bears International (2014) other terms are Beliy Medved meaning white bear in Russian, Isbjorn, meaning ice bear in Norweigan. Norse poets described the polar bear as "the white sea deer," "the seal's dread," "the rider of icebergs," "the whale's bane," and "the sailor of the floe." They praised him for having the strength of 12 men and the wit of 11. In Eastern Greenland the polar bear is known as Tornassuk, meaning “the master of helping spirits”. Lapps refuse to speak the polar bear's real name for fear of offending him. Instead they call him "God's dog" or "the old man in the fur cloak.”. Nineteenth-century whalers referred to the polar bear as "the farmer" because of his slow, pigeon-toed gait. The Ket, a Siberian tribe, revere all bears. They call them gyp or qoi, which means "grandfather" and "stepfather," respectively.

Include 5 facts about your species that you learned from Science North

First, I learned how polar bears use their upper bodies to break through the ice to get to their food supply, such as pups, and grown up seals. Polar bears use their nose to track down where the seals are located under the ice, and then use their brute upper body force to break through the ice, and try to capture the seal before they escape. This picture below exemplifies how the polar bears do this action and obtain their meal source.

Second, I learned that Polar bears are considered to be the largest and most carnivorous of the North American Bears. That the male bears can get 2-3 times bigger than the female polar bears. This is because the Polar bears have to survive the harsh environments of the Artic and the harsh realities they face.

Thirdly, I learned about the process of how a polar bear is relocated once they become too involved into a community and become a threat to the safety of the people. First the polar bear sightings are told by the authorities. The polar bears then get shot with a tranquilizer and get put to sleep. They are then moved to a building that holds the polar bears or other wild animals until they can be relocated. When they are being located they are put into nets that are lifted off the ground by the helicopters to move the polar bear to safety and away from the community. Once they are placed on the ground, by the properly trained authorities, they roll the polar bear out of the net and tag the polar bear either on their ear, lip or mark it with paint. The pictures below show the step process of relocating a polar bear from a community.

Fourthly, I...

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