Police And Crim Reduction Essay

1328 words - 5 pages

Debate Position Paper Police and Crime ReductionDebate Position Paper Police and Crime ReductionIntroductionI spent my youth growing up in Queens, New York about a half hour from Manhattan. We lived in what I would classify as an upper-middle-class neighborhood. The bulk of the residents were of Jewish faith with post war seniors, their children and relatives. The majority was small, local business owners with small mom-and-pop type stores and a significant number commuted to New York City performing various lines of work. During my youth, it was very unusual to see law-enforcement engagement. Most activity centered around auto incidents on the heavily traveled Queens Boulevard. Capital crimes were virtually unheard of. Fear of public safety was never an issue.As I matured, so did the neighborhood. The seniors migrated to Florida and the siblings ventured out to eastern Long Island and commuted to the city. The landscape changed. The vacuum created by the egress of the aging population and upwardly mobile thirty something's, attracted a significantly diverse ethnic population. Our family also joined the migration and relocated to the south shore town of Rockville Centre and we too commuted. Eventually, after I started my own family, we left New York behind in exchange for the relaxed lifestyle associated with sunny central Florida.Policing ParadigmsSeptember 11th changed America forever. Common policing paradigms such as community-policing and problem-oriented policing were immediately called into question regarding their effectiveness and reliability to protect our citizens in the wake of the attacks. While these policing methods seemed adequate for tackling "The War on Drugs", the new campaign against terrorism demanded a policing technique capable of making accurate predictions and eliminating terrorist opportunities. Perhaps the greatest policing paradigm shift resulting from the terrorist's attacks was the creation and implementation of intelligence-led policing and homeland security. Communities nationwide immediately let out a sigh of relief, began to reduce their fear of crime, and entertained the idea of trusting law enforcement officials once again.Intelligence-Based PolicingUnfortunately, intelligence-based policing directly resulted from the 9/11 tragedies. Consequently, the community policing model was expanded upon to include advanced interagency communication and intelligence sharing strategies. Tactics and methodologies utilized within the community policing model were basically expanded upon and revamped to meet the changing needs of America. Canter asserts that globalization has also increased our nation's vulnerability to terrorist threats. The federal government has responded to this weakness with additional and ongoing expansions of the department of homeland security....

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