This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Policing Essay

3748 words - 15 pages

TABLE OF CONTENTSI. Introduction.................................................................................3II. Political Eras1) Political Era.............................................................................32) Reform Era............................................................................43) Community Era.........................................................................8III. Policing Today..............................................................................9IV. Bibliography...............................................................................13Introduction: A Glance into the HistorySince the dawn of our country and up to the present time, the schedule of the policing forces was very precise: to support and enforce the law in out community. In order to understand the challenges policing faces today we need to look a bit a its history. Certainly , the way policing bodies operate today had gone through the changes from first forces of police in early America. The enforcement of law had undergone many trends, which still appear now. The enforcement of law can be organized by three main eras of the history. These eras include political era, reform era, and the community era.Political EraThe political era dates back to the years 1840-1930, that were characterized by five directions: the authority that originated from politicians and law; a broad function of the social service; the decentralized organization; cherished relationships with community, and the widespread use of the foot patrol. The drawback to the political era was that the police derived the authority from politics and law, and the close connection with politics was considered to be a problem. For instance, in New York, the first police chief was not able to dismiss officers under his command. The term of the chief lasted only year. Subsequently, any early cop of New York, being firmly supported by an alderman and an assistant alderman, could refuse to comply a police superior with a virtual impunity. "So while the British were firing bobbies left and right for things like showing up late for work, wearing disorderly uniforms, and behaving discourteously to citizens, American police were assaulting superior officers, refusing to go on patrol, extorting money from prisoners, and releasing prisoners from custody of other officers..." Klockars (1985, p. 42) Needless to say that corruption became a big problem in American law enforcement. Probably the biggest factor that underlined the problem of corruption during this era was the soils system, whose motto was, "To the victor go the spoils." This resulted in gross political interference with policing. For example, the winning party was under the impression that its members should be immune from arrest and given special privileges in naming favorites for promotions and they assisted in carrying out personal vendettas against other political opponents.So what happened is that this system led to...

Find Another Essay On Policing

Community Policing Essay

3483 words - 14 pages Community policing has emerged since the 1970s as an increasingly important strategy for controlling and preventing crime and enhancing community safety. It is both a philosophy and an organizational strategy that allows the police and the community to work closely together in creative ways to solve the problems of crime, drugs, fear of crime, physical and social disorder, neighborhood decay, and the overall quality of life in the community

Community Policing Essay

1078 words - 4 pages Community policing is a policy and a strategy aimed at achieving more effective and efficient crime control, reduced fear of crime, improved quality of life, improved police services and police legitimacy, through a proactive reliance on community resources that seeks to change crime causing conditions. This assumes a need for greater accountability of police, greater public share in decision-making and greater concern for civil rights and

community policing

2089 words - 9 pages Contrast of Pre-Community Policing and Current Community Policing The start of the three eras of policing came about in 1845 with the organization of police departments in Boston, Philadelphia, and New York. New York was the first city to have paid police officers. New York stockbrokers went to England and returned with a model for policing derived from the London Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 (Jackson, 2006. Pg. 14) The London Metropolitan

Policing Worldwide

2592 words - 10 pages Policing Worldwide The world of policing is one of constant change. As far back as the early days of Peelian police philosophy the missions and goals of police departments have constantly been altered. In our diverse communities and cites worldwide we see police departments engaged in very different forms of policing. Even across the many jurisdictions that operate within our nation we see departments that run at the very opposite ends of

Aggressive Policing

545 words - 2 pages How hard must one fight to keep their community from becoming a statistic? Good question, isn't it? To answer this question accurately, we need to look at what type of community we are and what type of community we want to be. But, where do we start? Well, I am here to tell you. In today's society we have two types of policing. We have policing which provides aggressive enforcement towards any and all offenses, including those offenses

American Policing

583 words - 2 pages Many of us have an image of what American policing is. Television and the movies have painted a picture that all they do is fight crime. This is far from the truth. In fact, police spend very little time fighting crime. This could be one of the reasons why the criminal justice networks are ineffective (Robinson, 2005).The basic roles for police officers are much different than people think. Their job routine is pretty much the same all the time

Community Policing

1030 words - 4 pages Community PolicingCommunity policing is regarded as the answer to crime in many of America's cities today. defines community policing as, "A collaborative effort between the police and the community that identifies problems of crime and disorder and involves all elements of the community in the search for solutions to these problems (About, p. 1)." In other words policing that works with the community while trying to solve

Policing Era

738 words - 3 pages Policing is a very difficult, complex and dynamic field of endeavor that is always evolves as hard lessons teach us what we need to know about what works and what don’t work. There are three different Era’s in America’s policing: The Political Era, The Reform Era, and The Community Problem Solving Era. A lot has changed in the way that policing works over the years in the United States. During the Political Era the police departments were

Community Policing

3040 words - 12 pages Part 1: The TheoryPoor communication is responsible for the effectiveness of community policing. The article used for part 1 is titled Overcoming barriers to communication between police and socially disadvantage neighborhoods: a critical theory of community policing, by author Stephen Schneider. Research on his theory is conducted in socially disadvantaged neighborhoods, where community policing is needed the most. Primary research was

Community policing

1103 words - 5 pages Community and police are words that we hear frequently through our day-to-day life. Somehow these are not words that we often put together, although these two words are very important. Our community has a way of defining us and we count on our police to keep our families and us safe. As a young girl, the first phone number I was ever though was 9-1-1. I’ve never heard about community policing until very recently. Although I’ve heard a lot about

Moral policing

1182 words - 5 pages MORAL POLICING, WOMEN, MEDIA AND PERSONAL FREEDOMMoral policing is a controversial term. Its supporters say it is an important function to be performed to safeguard our culture against western influence and save our youth from corruption. Those who oppose it see it as a threat to individual freedom and democratic dissent. I would not have been interested in these debates till I saw them affecting my life as an individual and more so as a

Similar Essays

Policing Essay

618 words - 3 pages After reading Policing Identities: Cop Decision Making and the Constitution of Citizens written by Trish Oberweis and Michael Musheno (1999), it was determined that there are multiple reasons behind the decisions that police officers make in their daily lives when on patrol. Some of these decisions are not always rule driven and fixed as described in the article. Oberweis and Musheno (1999) describe an officer’s decision-making process as

Community Policing Essay 1588 Words

1588 words - 6 pages Community Policing By the late 1970's, resulted from massive immigrants, the communities within America had become a diverse pool of nationalities, subcultures, and attitudes (Barlow 1996, p.651). People often identified themselves as parts of separate groups and at times the police was not part of what they called "us”. During this time, a burst of new ideas and changes in the political and economic structure

Community Policing Essay 2256 Words

2256 words - 9 pages SOCI 2071 Criminology - Term Paper Name: Chan Ka Mei UID: 3035008635 Community Policing Introduction Community Policing emerged in the 1970s (Chappell 2008) first in the United States, followed by the United Kingdom and eventually growing worldwide (Wong 2001). In this essay, we would first try to understand what community policing is by looking into its definition and its elements. Following this, we would probe into the implementation of

Proactive Policing Essay

1158 words - 5 pages Proactive Policing Community Orientated Policing is widely held as the new and correct style for American policing. For the past decade the community policing movement has been gaining momentum acquiring the support of politicians, scholars, reformers, and the public. Police chiefs around the country are now feeling the pressures of implementation from citizens and local government officials. Many high ranking professional police