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Policy Analysis And Critique

1985 words - 8 pages

According to Happell et al. (2011), there are two broad divisions of policy impact, including intended and unintended effects. The intended impacts of a particular policy vary extensively, depending on the organization and the policy context. They are enacted to barricade misgivings noticed in a particular organization. Hence, they provide beneficial protocols to the organization. The mental health recovery policy is an example of a policy that tends to avoid negativity in the mental health care division. On the other hand, the unintended impacts of the policy describe the side effects of the policy. Since policies are meant to govern an intricate adaptive system, slight changes in the policy affect existing structures by yielding counterintuitive impacts (Edgley, Stickley, Wright, & Repper, 2012). For example, changes in the mental health care recovery policy may influence the tax charged on hospital bills. Moreover, it may scare away patients due to augmented hospital costs.
For that reason, in the formulation of a given policy, senior officials have to analyze the impacts of the policy implementation process. This is important to ensure that the policy produces intended impacts rather than unintended ones. Additionally, this process reduces the chance of yielding unintended impacts. Mental health care systems tend to have intricate adaptive systems that require scrutiny of the policies before implementation (Mckechnie, 2013). The policy impact represents the initial step in the formulation of any given policy, especially in the mental health care system. However, there are four main procedures followed in the formulation of a given mental health care policy; particularly, the national mental health recovery policy. The four steps include identification of the problem in mental health care, formulation of the policy, implementation of the policy framework, and evaluation of the results (Cowan, Banks, Crawshaw, & Clifton, 2011). The execution of the procedures occurs in an orderly manner to ensure that the process lacks discrepancies. After the implementation stage, a given policy may prove inappropriate following analysis of its outcomes. This leads to changes that follow the same framework of formulation. Consequently, the results turn the policy framework into a policy cycle.
According to Piat, Sabetti, and Bloom (2010), the terminologies used in the process of policymaking differ in various organizations, but they all conform to the above listed protocol. There is a need to expound on the policy formulation process to achieve a better understanding of the protocol. The first step involves the process of identifying the problem in the mental health care system. The process does not only involve recognition of the problem, but also studying to find the key causative factors. In addition, the stage involves determining the public awareness of the issue, identifying the participants to be involved in the decision making process, and considering...

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