In this paper we will explore the Farm Bill to understand the policy networks involved in the activity of this bill in the policy process. A brief timeline will be given and aid the discussion of the events that occurred regarding the recent bill and the actions of the official and unofficial actors involved. More specifically we will be looking at the the issue of the Federal Food Stamp Program which is an integral part of the Farm Bill. After exploring a general timeline of the bill, we will look at a brief history of the food stamp program. Then attention will be focused to the policy process regarding this bill as of recent from the beginning of 2013 to 2014.
The Farm Bill is ...view middle of the document...
By 1974 SNAP became a statewide program (United States). The Farm Bill has been on the agenda of Congress since 1933,and Food Stamp Act since 1964.
Senator Debbie Stabenow of Michigan is a policy entrepreneur and author of the Farm Bill. According to the New York Times, Stabenow has worked on this bill for two and a half years (Steinhauer). It was passed in the Senate but became incorporated into a the main bill introduced in the House, by Representative Frank D. Lucas. Representative Lucas, a democrat of Oklahoma, introduced the bill on July 10, 2013. He is also an author of the bill that recently became law. (Rodgers)
I will now share the order of events of major legislative actions of the Farm bill. On July 10th 2013, the Farm bill was introduced in the House of Representatives and sponsored by Representative Frank D. Lucas a democrat from Oklahoma(Major Actions). The bill was passed in the house by the 11 of July 2013(Major Actions). Also a bill was passed in the Senate by the 18th of July 2013 (Major Actions). After conferences to resolve issues for the next four months in the House and Senate, there was a joint committee (Major Actions) . On the 4th of February 2014 the president received the Farm Bill and it was signed by the 7th of the same month (Major Actions).
By July 2013,the Senate and House of Representatives wanted to propose cuts to the Federal Food Stamp Programs in the Farm Bill.The Senate Bill would save the government 24 billion dollars, but cut about 4.1 billion dollars from the food stamp program (FoodStampCuts). The House Bill would save the government 40 billion dollars but make 20 billion dollars in cuts toward the federal food stamp program (FoodStampCuts). The Senate’s bill proposes more extensive cuts to SNAP. Both the Senate and House Bill would end direct payments to farmers and reallocate the 5 billion dollars from that program to a farm insurance program worth 9 billion dollars (FoodStampCuts).
The issue of the farm bill drew action from many various group.Many of them were anti- hunger groups,and some were environmental, for farmers, for children,and even from the NRA.In more detail they are of them are the Environmental Working Group, the Pew Charitable Trust,and the American Farm Bureau Foundation, Bread for the World,and the New York Coalition for Hunger. The Environmental Working Group collects data on direct payments received by farmers in subsidies((FoodStampCuts)).They show that farmers have received 265 billion in subsidies for farming since 1995(FoodStampCuts).Their Vice President expressed opposition to Representative Fincher’s efforts to back farmers on receiving subsidies((FoodStampCuts)). the Pew Charitable Trust is for the Farm Bill as well(Weisman). Club for Growth and the American Farm Bureau Foundation are conservative advocacy groups that are against the Farm Bill. The New York Times says that they continued to work against the bill even after the Food Stamp Program was removed(Weisman)....