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Policy Making Essay

1750 words - 7 pages

The term neo-liberalism can abstractly be used to refer to a set of economic policies that have gained popularity in the past two decades. These policies have been popularised by the powerful financial institutions like the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. They have been determined by the decline of the capitalist economy, provoking them to revive economic liberalism. Such economic and social policies usually have a market-driven approach. These are usually characterised by economic theories that are neoclassical in nature. They further advocate for the efficiency of the private enterprise, liberalization of trade, and enhancement of the open market. These concepts are to the effect of capitalize on the private sector in their role of influencing political and economic primacies of governments.
The term has also been used to describe a socio-political hypothesis that has gained international acknowledgement that hints to societal, cultural, and political practices and policies that entrench market tendencies, the end user sentiments, amongst other notions, to shift risk from the government and organizations and place them onto persons. This logic is then extended to the realm of social and effective relationship (Ong, 2006).
Neo-liberalism has in Canada shifted their ideologies from their Keysian concepts and pragmatically shifted them to be in line with global capitalistic views due to its severe regimen. Unlike Keysian limited inclusion concepts, neoliberalism advocates for aggressive exclusion. It dismantles the social welfare supports as envisaged by Keynesian social contract, demeaning full employment concepts as well as foregoing all together workplace bargaining and collective rights. This is because it promotes denationalization, deregulation, phasedowns, downscaling, lean production, outsourcing, as well as promoting state compulsion and social restraint.
In light of the above excerpts, human capital theory suggests that it is through education and or through training, that is accredited for improving workers’ productivity. This is due to the imparting of necessary knowledge and skills to which end is the improvement. To this end, the future income of the employees is increased (Becker, 1964). This notion thus suggests that man is assured of better pay depending on their level of knowledge in their field of employment. This thus has been the core reason why continuous education and training of employees has been a core role in a company’s management to ensure that their workforce is equipped well enough on their tasks.
Research shows that formal education plays a primary role in explaining the emerging variations in regards to salary and wages in the developed states (Cohn & Addison, 1998). The trend has taken root in even developing countries. There have also been attempts to introduce adult education so as to enhance the same on the older folks. We cannot however fail to realise that human capital accumulation has gotten...

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