Eligibility Criteria and Beneficiaries
The OAA is generally for older adults aged sixty and above. The persons need to be in real need of the services. The person may be as low as age fifty five; Title V provides support for part-time employment for individuals aged fifty five and over that earn a low income and have poor employment possibilities. Individuals included in the Act are American Indians, Native Alaskan Americans, Native Hawaiian Americans, tribal organizations, and persons with disabilities. The Act focuses on providing services to the individuals of this country who are in the greatest economic need.
State and local government agencies, as well as nonprofit organizations and institutions are eligible according to the Act (Department, 2006) as long as they provide funds for older Americans. The Act also states that a tribal organization for an Indian tribe is eligible only if the organization represents fifty individuals aged sixty and above, and if it demonstrates an ability to deliver supportive services—which includes nutritional services. Similarly, an organization representing Native Hawaiians must also serve fifty individuals aged sixty or higher, and must demonstrate their ability to deliver supportive services, emphasizing nutritional services.
(Kirst-Ashman, 2013) Services vary dramatically from one location to another, because the focus is on coordination of services, not prescriptions about what should be provided.
Administration and Financing
The federal government is responsible for the administration and financing of the Older Americans Act. All programs administered at the federal level are administered by the Administration on Aging (AoA), except for the title V community service senior opportunities program (this is covered by the U.S. Department of Labor). (O’Shaughnessy, 2012)
Issues, Problems, and Concerns concerned with Financing and Implementation
According to the class text (Karger, 2014), “Negative stereotypes of elderly persons continue to be perpetuated by the media and the film industry. Moreover, the elderly continue to be victimized by crime, domestic violence by family members, and job discrimination.” While the Age Discrimination Act of 1967 protected workers in the age range of forty to sixty nine years, the protection of Americans exceeding seventy years of age stopped. Younger generations still have people discriminating against the elderly in the workplace.
In the fiscal year 2010, (O’Shaughnessy, 2012) only about 5.1%, or 3 million people, out of the 57.8 million people age sixty and over, received services funded by the Act. These services included home delivered meals, home care, personal care, or case management services on a regular or intensive basis. About 14%, 8 million people, received other services, such as transportation, congregate meals, or information and assistance on a not so regular basis. A report was made by the Government Accountability Office stating that their findings...