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Policy Statement Of The Norweigan Point Of View Of The Security Council And Possible Reforms To It

2918 words - 12 pages

N/A N/ADespite widespread diplomatic discussion, and sentiment that the UN Security Council must beexpanded in order to maintain its long-term legitimacy, no generally acceptable formula forexpansion has emerged. Concerns for obtaining or retaining voting power, and for preserving abody structured so as to be able to take prompt and effective decisions, have prevented agreement.This article reviews various criteria for evaluating restructuring proposals, and suggests a formulathat, while not fundamentally affecting the distribution of power on the Council, might satisfy manystates' minimal requirements for an acceptable package of changes.Norwegian Security Policy after the Cold WarThe end of the Cold War between East and West has strengthened Norwegian security,which makes Norway no different from most other European countries. There are nowmore dimensions to security policy than there were when the overriding aim wasdeterrence by means of one's own and allied military forces. Cold War perceptions ofmilitary threat no longer exist. In Norway's particular case, however, it is possible to talkabout a remaining strategic threat, when referring to Russian deployments in the far north.Such a threat is only a potential one and is not imminent today. Yet it has to beacknowledged that wars between nations and ethnic groups have hardly been abolished.As a result, it has become more difficult to identify the risk of armed aggression directedagainst NorwayThe risk would seem to reside in the escalation of a whole series of completely different politicaldevelopments. For example, these eventualities could take the form of the emergence of anationalistic dictatorship, or the development of ungovernable political chaos in formerly communistcountries. Because of the existence of some very large arsenals and supplies of military equipment, itis important to judge the political aims of potential opponents. These can change over time, not leastif they represent irrational and aggressive attitudes. The nuclear weapons of the great powers do notseem to have any deterrent effect on 'violent ethnic cleansing', and the emergence of armed conflictsin different areas can be difficult to predict.But a country's security can also be subject to something that has become more topical after theCold War: low level threats. These are related to some very different types of irregular nationalborder transgressions, for example international crime and various forms of pollution.The Cold War's dominating concept, security by means of deterrence, is complemented by theconcept of collective security. This harmonises well with the traditional Norwegian approach tosecurity policy of combining deterrence with reassurance. The potential enemy is also a partner. Asmall country has no less a need for allies, but for different purposes.Following the result of the Norwegian referendum in the autumn of 1994, which rejected EUmembership, the current status of Norwegian security policy can be...

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