Policy To Address Human Rights Violations In The Democratic Republic Of Congo

2719 words - 11 pages

Bryan Stipek
Glob Found of Char and Lead -Dietrich
GFCL 100-B
Policy Paper
Policy to Address Human Rights Violations in Democratic Republic of the Congo
To: United Nations Security Council
From: Bryan Stipek
Representative of Humans Rights Watch
Issue: The failure of the Congolese judicial system to adequately prosecute and hold accountable those who committed genocide, extreme and barbaric human rights violations. Human trafficking, rape, torture, arbitrary detention of innocent civilians and mass killings are just some of the atrocities that have been and are continuing to be committed by the soldiers the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and other militants rebels (HRG.org, p.1). It is time for the government of the DRC to an end to these human rights violations that they have allowed to take place for two decades during the two wars (1997 and 2003) and currently occurring, all be it to a lesser degree.
Recommendation: Our recommendation is for United Nations Security Council to assist the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in aggressively pursuing the arrest of those accused of committing the current human rights violations, as well as those individuals who have committed such violations during the war years. The Democratic Republic of the Congo must be willing to accept the assistance of the United Nations Security Council as well as the International Criminal Court to assist them in prosecuting those who committed human rights violations. In order to accomplish this we recommend the following:
1) An extensive reform of the judicial system within the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
2) Prosecuting and holding those accountable for the human rights atrocities will be the only way country can begin to move toward a stable and functioning society.
3) Providing monetary assistance to improve the security forces to provide protection to civilians.

Historical Background: In order to understand the current conditions within the Congo one must first have an understanding of the historical background of human rights violations within this region. The violation of human rights is not a new phenomenon to the Congo. The Congo is a region with vast natural resource such as rubber trees, copper, tin, gold, silver, cobalt, zinc, and tungsten. This region’s many natural resources is one of the major contributors that has attracted so many different countries to vie for control of the land. There have been human rights violations occurring within the Congo from as early as 1483, when the Europeans began to traffic slaves out of this region. The human rights abuses escalated under Belgium’s King Leopold II, who treated the Congo as his own personal property and ruled the region as a kleptocracy. As a means to adding to his own personal wealth King Leopold leased the land to companies that employed mercenaries to collect a “rubber tax”. The mercenaries had a quote to meet on the collection of this tax, in...

Find Another Essay On Policy to Address Human Rights Violations in The Democratic Republic of Congo

Description of the Democratic Republic of Congo

1771 words - 8 pages Democratic Republic of Congo according to a census that was gathered in July 2013. It is not only the fourth largest country in Africa, but it is also the twelfth largest country in the world by square kilometers, encompassing 2,344,858 square kilometers. Kinshasa is the capital city and the largest city in the Democratic Republic of Congo; 8.798 million people inhabit this city. The official languages spoken are French and Kingwana (a blend of

The Democratic Republic of the Congo

1622 words - 6 pages , which is the capital of modern democratic republic of the Congo, was conquered. In 1892 and 1894, east Congo was forcibly taken from the control of east African Arab and Swahili traders. King Leopold did not have sufficient funds to develop the Congo. He received loans from the Belgium parliament in 1889 and 1895. At that same time, Leopold declared all unoccupied lands belonged to the state giving himself many of the natural resources including

History of the Democratic Republic of Congo

1334 words - 6 pages nation to maintain its stability. The United States has had foreign relations with the country from 1960 and has signed many treaties to help promote growth in the region. One such document is the Peace, Security and Cooperation framework that exists between the United States and the Democratic Republic of the Congo as well as 10 other African nations. I believe that The Peace, Security and Cooperation framework definitely helps to promote the

The Rape in the Democratic Republic of Congo

687 words - 3 pages Since 1996, nearly four million people have died in the Democratic Republic of Congo. These tragedies evolve from several rebel armies that have a very important aspect in common: they target innocent people and they all use rape as a weapon of war. Although the civil war in Congo has only been going ongoing for five years, only recently has attention been drawn to the astounding number of rapes committed during the conflict. It is not known yet

Coltan and Armed Conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo

2658 words - 11 pages Introduction The role of minerals as fuels to armed conflicts in poor countries has been long debated. Conversely, to date, policy initiatives towards the eradication of those clashes have not achieved any noteworthy breakthrough. This work addresses the specific case of the deadly conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the strategic position of a specific mineral commodity (coltan) in such framework. It starts with a short

Food Security in the Democratic Republic of Congo

980 words - 4 pages Script for Geography Good morning/afternoon Today I will talk about food security in the Democratic Republic of Congo. DR Congo is an African country that consists of over 2,300,000 square kilometres (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The population in DR Congo is around seventy-five and a half million people with an average life expectancy of 56 years, a lot shorter than Australians (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The

Democratic Republic of Congo Holocaust

1337 words - 6 pages The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Holocaust was the bloodiest war fought. This was due to the death toll, possibly larger than that of the Holocaust. Between 1998 and 2007, there were a total of 5.4 million people dead. The number of those deaths has definitely gone up over the years (Heaton 1). Genocide is very vital because of the people being slaughtered and giving their lives away in order to support their political stance. Everyone

Environmental assessment of The Democratic Republic of Congo

773 words - 4 pages Environmental Assessment The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a sub-Saharan African nation that has suffered through 32 years of totalitarian rule followed by coups and ongoing political turmoil (Zapata, 2011). Since February 2013 the Congolese government has been in talks with the largest rebel group M23 (The world factbook). Ongoing turbulence related to armed conflict has led to significant misplacement of the population and an

Why the Democratic Republic of Congo Is the Poorest Country in the World

1006 words - 5 pages over 75 millions also “faces the problem of human rights”- especially woman rights, “and the countless crimes against humanity”-“Borgen Project”. Also, the Foreign Affairs illustrates that DR Congo coped with civil wars and a series of wars with its neighbor countries in the last two decade. Therefore, wars and corruption are the main reasons that make Democratic Republic of Congo become the poorest country in the world, which affect heavily and

Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

4865 words - 19 pages Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has large reserves of cobalt, gold, gems, copper, timber, and uranium. However, the most valuable resource that the DRC possess is its large reserve of diamonds. Diamonds essentially serve as a pillar to the DRC’s struggling economy. Plagued by civil unrest, the DRC is desperately trying to stabilize its economy

Health Care Systems in Finland, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Turkey

2839 words - 12 pages To select the countries for this task I searched for different criteria’s for development of nations. For my mind most reliable and suitable I found from United Nations Specialized Agencies, like IMF, World Bank Group and naturally WHO. My selections for this task are in addition to Finland are Democratic Republic of the Congo (later DRC) and Turkey. DRC had the lowest GNI in year 2012 in the world, being 220 USD per capita and in year 2000 it

Similar Essays

Genocide In The Democratic Republic Of Congo

1038 words - 5 pages Genocide is the deliberate and systematic extermination or destruction of a racial, national, political, and cultural group. Genocide is being tolerated everywhere because almost nobody knows or talks about the problem. For example the democratic republic of Congo is at risk since 1996. Genocide also occurs because of hatred and different viewpoints. This problem of genocide occurring or about to occur in the D.R.C. is one example of tolerance

The Democratic Republic Of Congo Essay

2744 words - 11 pages -African Peoples' Conference. The speeches held at the conference were a major spark to the fire of interest in the Movement for Congo's freedom from Belgium. (Lerner, 35) In 1959 riots broke out in the capital as a result of the rally held by Patrice Lumumba in Leopoldville. Shortly after this chain of events on June 30th 1960, the Belgian Congo gained independence and was renamed the Democratic Republic of Congo with Joseph Kasavubu as its

Democratic Republic Of Congo: Development Policy Issues

1593 words - 6 pages The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) may be one of the richest countries in resources, but the country itself is incredibly poor. On 8 October 2013, the BBC News released an article saying exactly that. Written by Dan Snow, this article accounts for Snow’s experiences on his journey through the DRC while also attempting to provide an analysis that explains how the current situation in Congo is linked to its history. In this

Genocide In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

1133 words - 5 pages The Democratic Republic of the Congo, a.k.a. the DRC, or more commonly “the Congo”, has experienced an endless nightmare of violence, poverty, famine, sickness, and murder for the past 16 years. The constant bloodshed between the national and armed forces has led to countless civilian deaths, or the genocide in the Congo. Before I go on any further, I must explain what a genocide is. A genocide is the attempted destruction of an entire group of