Policy To Address Human Rights Violations In The Democratic Republic Of Congo

2719 words - 11 pages

Bryan Stipek
Glob Found of Char and Lead -Dietrich
GFCL 100-B
04/20/2014
Policy Paper
Policy to Address Human Rights Violations in Democratic Republic of the Congo
To: United Nations Security Council
From: Bryan Stipek
Representative of Humans Rights Watch
Issue: The failure of the Congolese judicial system to adequately prosecute and hold accountable those who committed genocide, extreme and barbaric human rights violations. Human trafficking, rape, torture, arbitrary detention of innocent civilians and mass killings are just some of the atrocities that have been and are continuing to be committed by the soldiers the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and other militants rebels (HRG.org, p.1). It is time for the government of the DRC to an end to these human rights violations that they have allowed to take place for two decades during the two wars (1997 and 2003) and currently occurring, all be it to a lesser degree.
Recommendation: Our recommendation is for United Nations Security Council to assist the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in aggressively pursuing the arrest of those accused of committing the current human rights violations, as well as those individuals who have committed such violations during the war years. The Democratic Republic of the Congo must be willing to accept the assistance of the United Nations Security Council as well as the International Criminal Court to assist them in prosecuting those who committed human rights violations. In order to accomplish this we recommend the following:
1) An extensive reform of the judicial system within the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
2) Prosecuting and holding those accountable for the human rights atrocities will be the only way country can begin to move toward a stable and functioning society.
3) Providing monetary assistance to improve the security forces to provide protection to civilians.

Historical Background: In order to understand the current conditions within the Congo one must first have an understanding of the historical background of human rights violations within this region. The violation of human rights is not a new phenomenon to the Congo. The Congo is a region with vast natural resource such as rubber trees, copper, tin, gold, silver, cobalt, zinc, and tungsten. This region’s many natural resources is one of the major contributors that has attracted so many different countries to vie for control of the land. There have been human rights violations occurring within the Congo from as early as 1483, when the Europeans began to traffic slaves out of this region. The human rights abuses escalated under Belgium’s King Leopold II, who treated the Congo as his own personal property and ruled the region as a kleptocracy. As a means to adding to his own personal wealth King Leopold leased the land to companies that employed mercenaries to collect a “rubber tax”. The mercenaries had a quote to meet on the collection of this tax, in...

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