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Polital Division Between The Federalists And The Republicans

668 words - 3 pages

Although national political parties were considered “divisive and disloyal”, the first two-party system of the United States, Hamiltonian-Federalists and Jeffersonian Republicans, emerged during George Washington’s administration. The political division was later sharpened with Jay’s Treaty. They differ from each other in various aspects. Nevertheless, the political turbulent during the 1790s greatly expanded the public sphere.
The Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, believed in supremacy of national government, broad and loose interpretation of the Constitution, and commercial and industrial development. They were pro-British. They favored national bank and protective tariffs. ...view middle of the document...

However, fearing the political corruption similar to that in the British liberty and sacrifice of ordinary Americans to benefit the wealthy, Thomas Jefferson and his supporters opposed to this financial program. Hamilton argued the “general welfare clause of the Constitution justified his program, but Jefferson insisted on “strict construction of the Constitution”, which meant the federal government could only exercise powers specifically listed in that document. According to the Founding Brothers, Jefferson agreed southerners would accept Hamilton’s plan in exchange for placing the national capital on the Potomac River between Maryland and Virginia.
The political divisions continued to sharpen. Believing that the French Revolution was partly inspired by the American Revolution, Jeffersonian-Republicans saw the idea of popular self-government and liberty from it. However, when the French Revolution became radical and went into war with the Britain, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton and other Federalists realized the possibility and danger of anarchy. Therefore, Washington declared the proclamation of neutrality in 1793. Nevertheless, the British were...

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