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Political And Governmental Issues In Australia

2224 words - 9 pages

The system of government in this country is based on the liberal democratic tradition. This kind of government is one based on the values of religious tolerance and gives its citizens the freedom of speech. The citizens also have the freedom of association which arises from the rule of law that has been put in place to ensure that no individual is discriminated against. The practices of the government and the institutions present in the Australian government are those that reflect the British and North American models and are seen as being uniquely Australian. Being a responsible government, it houses some of the oldest democracies in the world in the sense that it has the commonwealth of Australia which was created in 1901. This happened in a period when the six states had agreed to federate. The first Australian government adopted such measures as one man one vote and suffrage of women. Women were not allowed to take part in activities involving the government.
The Australian colonies had adopted several traditions from Britain and among them were the limited franchise and public voting by many citizens. Bribery and intimidation of the voters was on the rise during that period making citizens to become less interested in voting. This prompted the government to initiate several changes in the voting system. They adopted reforms that changed the electoral practice in order for them to adopt the modern democracies. The secret ballot method of voting was introduced and this granted each voter a right in the voting system. This was known throughout the world as the Australian ballot (Columbus, 2007). They went ahead to eliminate the professional and property qualifications that gave individuals certain rights when it came to voting. All adult men were given the right to vote and the same was done for the women afterwards.
The government has a written constitution where the responsibilities of the federal government are clearly defined. It also has the high court which arbitrates over different disputes which occur between the commonwealth and the states.
The political issues facing NSW (Australia) workers

Large numbers of workers took a union organized demonstration. In this demonstration, they were against the idea by the liberal national coalition government where they wanted to directly dictate the public sector idea of wage rises (Columbus, 2007). This demonstration was with reference to the new legislation in the industrial relations commission which granted increase in rates specified by the parliament. It had been agreed by the parliament, that any increases that would be made would be subjected to strict productivity conditions. The laws being addressed here were referred to as O’Farrell laws and they are the ones that provoked anger among the many public sector workers in the state. Nurse and other support staff in hospitals had agreed to stop working as many governmental departments remained closed. Many of the civil...

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