Political Effects Of The Renaissance By: Girl Luver33

544 words - 2 pages

Political Effects of the RenaissanceHistory has shown us how civilizations evolve over time. Broadlyinterpreted, the age of Diocletian marked a decisive stage in thetransition from the classical, the Greco-Roman, civilization of theancient Roman Empire to the Christian-Germanic civilization of theearly Middle Ages. Similarly interpreted, "the age of the Renaissancemarked the transition from the civilization of the Middle Ages to themodern world"(Ferguson 1). Therefore, the Renaissance is the beginningof the modern world and modern government.In law the tendency was to challenge the abstract dialecticalmethod of the medieval jurists with a philological and historicalinterpretation of the sources of Roman Law. As for political thought,the medieval proposition that the preservation of liberty, law, andjustice constitutes the central aim of political life was challengedbut not overthrown by Renaissance theorists. They contended that thecentral task of government was to maintain security and peace.Machiavelli maintained that the creative force (virtj) of the rulerwas the key to the preservation of both his own position and thewell-being of his subjects, an idea consonant with contemporarypolitics.Italian city-states were transformed during the Renaissance fromcommunes to territorial states, each of which sought to expand at theexpense of the others. Territorial unification also took place inSpain, France, and England. The process was aided by modern diplomacy,which took its place beside the new warfare when the Italiancity-states established resident embassies at foreign courts. By the16th century, the institution of permanent embassies spread northwardto France, England, and the Holy Roman Empire.Renaissance churchmen, particularly in the higher echelons,patterned their behavior after the mores and ethics of lay society.The activities of popes, cardinals, and bishops were scarcelydistinguishable from those of secular merchants and political...

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