A Tale of Two Cities has many political elements in it, as the novel discusses the different monarchies in France and England. During this time period, which is set in 1775, France is under aristocratic rule and England was under a stable monarchy. France is beneath the rule of King Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette. England is led by King George III and Queen Charlotte Sophia.
In the novel, there is revolution occurring in France (1789 to late 1790s). An image of stable England is shown by using revolutionary France as a setting to point out the differences between the two countries. England is freer, while the French are under horrible poverty. "The short and the long of it is, that I am a subject of His Most Gracious Majesty King George the Third… and as such, my maxim is, Confound their politics, frustrate their knavish tricks, on him our hopes we fix, God save the King!" (pg.276). This quote shows England’s king is more liked by the people. England had a parliament, while France did not. The Revolution at first had some support between radicals in England. This caused some issues with the Conservations of England because they had just lost the American Revolution. The revolution had lost support from England.
The French people suffered because they had no voice in the government. They were under an absolute monarchy, where the king had control over everything. The Estates General was called, but even then the 3rd estate, which was made up of lower class French people, like merchants and peasants, didn’t get a huge say. The 1st and 2nd estates, made up of the clergy and nobility had most of the power, underneath the king of course.
During this time, the reign of terror was also on the rise. The king is executed and shortly after the queen is. As is, Sydney Carton in the novel. This causes more chaos in France, as the monarchy was abolished and a new form of government must be formed.
The French Revolution was based mainly around economic hardships. France was already in debt because of Seven Years War and their part in supporting the American Revolution. The King and Queen were also very selfish with their spending. Instead of helping their country, they were selfish and indulged on luxuries for themselves. They lived a lavish lifestyle and seemed to be blind to what was happening in their country.
In the early 1780s, King Louis XVI appointed Charles de Calonne to address the problem. He was the controller of general finances. A new form of taxation was installed, but the problem was only the 3rd estate was taxed. They were the ones without any money, so this caused the uprisings. Madame Defarge was very upset at this in the novel. She believed they weren’t being fair to her class. She thought that the wrongs that they had done to them needed to be paid for. “But, imbued from her childhood with a brooding sense of wrong, and an inveterate hatred of a class, opportunity had developed her into a tigress. She was absolutely without pity. If...