Political Participation Essay

972 words - 4 pages

In Hong Kong, the citizens enjoy the privilege freedom of speeches. Therefore, they are much more active in the political participations than the other people. “A vibrant democracy requires its citizens to participate in the political process and exercise their right to vote. “ (Verba, Schlozman, & Brady, 1995).The Hong Kongers have many ways to engage in the political campaign in order to draw the attention from general public in specific issues. As a member of this citizenship, I will participate in the political events in order to give some pressure to the government to listen our opinions. In my essay, there are three major parts. Firstly, I am going to explain the background information of political participations. Secondly, I will discuss the ways that the Hong Kong citizens express their complaints in political participations. At last, I will illustrate the reasons and methods of me involving these political issues.
According to the scholar Lo Shiu Hing, the definition of political participation is the activities of citizens to influence government policy or to affect the government’s allocation of resources. ( Lo Shui Hing , 2007) The political participations can be divided into two categories, the institutional and the non-institutional. For the institution one, they are protected under law. Normally the government provides some resources to held the event such as voting. For the non-institutional one, the general public organizes some campaigns that are in illegal and illegal ways. Sometimes, the illegal non-institutional political participation may lead to a huge conflict. The worst situation is changing into a war.
In Hong Kong, the public tends to express their opinions in a less violent way. Therefore, they like to engage in the collective actions such as election, demonstration and protest. Based on the research in the Hong Kong Legislative Council in 2012, the cumulative turnout rate was 53.05%. This statistic was satisfying since the average turnout rate from 1991 to 2008 was only about 45%. (Appendix 1) The Hong Kong citizen’s voting rate had an increasing trend, it implied they were willing to participate in politics than before. T
Beside of participating in voting, Hong Kongers will organize the protest to fight for their basic needs. In the April of 2013, the workers started the 40 days dock strike in the terminals. There were 450 subcontractors of the Hong Kong International Terminals made the largest industrial protest over these 6 years. They had an unauthorized occupation in three ports in Kwai Tsing. They demanded a pay rise of 20% because of the inflation of Hong Kong was rapidly expanding. After the negotiation between the employers and workers, the workers agreed to take the offer of pay rise for 9.8%. This action gained a lot of supporters from the student unions to pro-democracy parties in Hong Kong. They donated money and supplied food for the workers. Beside, about 3000 citizens involved a march on...

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