Political Philosophy: Locke And Rousseau Essay

1584 words - 6 pages

John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau are excellent writers and philosophers. Their theories are very much alike with each other as well as differ at times. As they are political philosophers, their theories' main focus is based on society and its norms. Although their theories seem so similar, many differences will be observed when reading them in detail. Both of them have based their theories on different conjecture, which then results in total different ideas about the formation of government and development of society. Locke's and Rousseau's different thinking give us the two separate ways to think bout the development of society, the unit, power and system of the government. According to John Locke, the parliament power, common men are legitimate to subvert the parliamentarian; while on the other hand, Jean-Jacques Rousseau holds a belief that people do have the legislative power but they don't have a right to riot against the parliamentarian.If we summarize Jean-Jacques Rousseau's theory, it says that individual it doesn't mean a lot but a society has the power to generate a person. He states that whatever decision is being taken should aim the betterment and development of the society only because if the society is developing automatically an individual will develop. His theory is more generalized then John Locke's theory in which he is more specific about the issues and has a point of view that if each and every person utilizes his power, automatically the society will develop and the system will be powerful.If we Interpret John Locke's theory separately, it holds a belief that everyone is equal. Every person has a power to change their parliamentarian when the people are not represented fully or properly. The aim of the government is to protect the powers of the common man and so the government has no right to diminish the powers of the people of the state neither they have right to force them for certain thing. He states that there should be an administrative power who can work in a state as a secondary power and its purpose should be to punish those who harm others or who violate the rules and regulations of the state. He also holds a view that these secondary powers work should respect each and every individual and not harm anyone although he stated that these powers should give a little more favor to the majority.Ethicality, Assets and Blanche are the main themes in their theories which make both the theories different from each other. John Locke holds a view that a person comes in this world with an inborn and innate ethics. While on the other hand, Jean-Jacques Rousseau believes that a person doesn't born with innate ethics and only does whatever his urges, drives and basic needs tends him to do. "His [Man's] first law is to see to his preservation". This is an extract from one of the Jean-Jacques Rousseau's writings and this line clearly shows that according to him, a man has no morality and he is materialistic.John Locke says that...

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