Political Realm: A Comparsion Of Aristotle And Pluto

1467 words - 6 pages

Aristotle and Plato are known as the great political philosopher of their respective time.. The two illustrate some difference in thinking, but also share some similarity in their political ideas such as: supreme rules, political order, and virtue. Plato illustrating an idealist view while Aristotle brings more of a practical view to political philosophy. This paper would focus on the differences these political genius bring to the political realm.
In Plato ideal world he looks to build upon a perfect political society. He seeks to build or better yet inform one of the political structure, the rights and responsibility of the citizens in a political society. The political structure of Plato’s political society come with three socio-political grouping. Plato illustrate the role of each group by placing individuals into a class structure. The first class of citizens is the guardian mostly known as the elite or the ruling class. These individual will be responsible for the most fundamental power as the congress of today society.
Aristotle says, “States are citizens who make up the state” (pg.100). The citizens are the one that should administer justice. The community is the state according to Aristotle who quotes; “the virtue of the citizen must therefore be relative to the constitution of which he is a member” (pg 2). Virtuous actions for the state and the middle class will rule in the most virtuous way. The virtue of soul is the person who master their reason. The highest virtue is exercising your reason to the service of the state. The quality of the citizen of that state is going to be the best form of that state. Democracy is the best way for the rule of law. He also feels, “Law is reason unaffected by desire” (pg 72). Family is quintessential for one survival and is a necessity to intertwine together to establish the fundamental requirements. Families must cooperate to build order. ` Aristotle states, “That is what makes man better than a savage beast is the ability to speak, and justice is synonymous with order” (pg293). Therefore, if man’s ability to communicate is superior over a beast because of reasoning which is equal to nature; then the organization of a state should also be equal and natural; in return, would make the power of speech to set forth what is expedient and not expedient for just and unjust reasoning; in return, the soul would compose itself with reason and appetite, and if the appetite is not controlled it would unbalance human nature; therefore, if man is not capable in living in an order society then he would be considered a savage beast. If everything is equal the actions of the state would have virtuous action and in return it would produce a virtuous middle class and would bring happiness to the citizens of the state. Aristotle also believed the state should regulate the age a woman should give birth. A woman giving birth at an early age would not produce the quality sought out for a good citizen. He talks as if...

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