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Political Science Essay

622 words - 3 pages

Progressive tax is defined as a tax that takes a higher percentage of income from high-income persons. According to www.britanica.com, progressive tax is, “Tax that imposes a larger burden (relative to resources) on those who are richer.” The United States federal income tax is considered to be a progressive tax. A taxpayer’s income is examined, the more one earns the more taxes they will have to pay. In the book, The State of Texas: Government, Politics, and Policy, Regressive tax is defined as a tax that takes a higher percentage of income from low-income persons. www.investopedia.com stated that such tax may be implemented uniformly. One example of a regressive tax is sales tax.

There is no perfect tax, both progressive and regressive taxes have benefits and disadvantages. One of the benefits of a progressive tax is that it places a lighter burden on low income families and small business. For example, the United States Federal income tax is paid according to how much a person makes throughout the year. A disadvantage that is associated with a progressive tax is that it punishes the wealthy because taxes fall on the wealthy. Some argue that this form of taxing also punishes hard work. The more you work the more you will earn, as a result, you pay in taxes. Therefore, it discourages people from working hard. On the other hand, regressive tax does not punish the wealthy. This form of taxing encourages people to earn more money because the more they earn the smaller percentage or their total income will be spent on taxes. The second advantage of regressive tax is that it discourages citizens to avoid the use of potentially harmful products. This tax is known as a “sin tax” because it is a tax that is placed on products such as, tobacco, gasoline, liquor, and pornography. On the downside, a regressive tax...

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