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Political Science Paper

2448 words - 10 pages

Congress is a major part of the United States government they passed laws including the 1.1 Trillion Dollar Spending Bill, the Farm Bill, and Congress raised the debt ceiling, but had struggles passing these bills and did not pass an Extension of Jobless Aid, so the United States Congress should be rated a 4.25 on a scale from one to ten. Congress is the legislative branch of the government who make the federal laws which will be enforced by the executive branch and laws which will be interpreted by the judicial branch. Congress has two sections the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives has 435 members, the amount of members from each state is based on the population in each state and is now a republican majority. The Senate has 100 members, two people from each state, and they have a democratic majority. Congress has passed several laws in these past months, but they also have not been able to pass numerous laws because of disagreements in the House and the Senate. Both parts of Congress argue with each other because they have different majority political parties who do not have similar beliefs in the way the government should run the country.
Congress had to come up with a 1.1 Trillion Dollar Spending Bill so the government would not shut down again. This bill includes a military pension fix, but no new Obamacare funding. It also gives a pay freeze to the vice president as well as senior political appointees and it fund the government up until October of 2014 (Fox $1.1T spending bill 1/14/14). This bill is also said to boost spending for domestic issues and military. Kentucky Republican Hal Rogers, the House’s Appropriations Committee Chairman, declared the deal a compromise, adding “it reflects Republican priorities and holds the line on spending in many critical areas” (www.msnbc.com). This bill gives 121 billion dollars into defense,492 billion into other programs, a one percent pay raise for federal workers, and there are several other programs it give money to (MSNBC Budget Comprise 1/14/14).
This bill is said to cut some funds, but also increase funds for other programs. A public health fund will be reduced by $1 billion to prevent Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius from "raiding" these funds to spend on Obamacare insurance exchanges according the House Republican summary. Democratic Senator Barbara Mikulski of Maryland and Republican Representative Harold Rogers of Kentucky said in a statement, "As with any compromise, not everyone will like everything in this bill, but in this divided government a critical bill such as this simply cannot reflect the wants of only one party.” This bill also gives military retirees who are still of working age a smaller increase in their pensions starting in the year 2015, both the Republicans and Democratic felt this was for the best. With a deadline on Wednesday January 15th Congress needed an extension to ensure the bill would be passed...

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