This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Political Science Position Paper On Education Reform

2156 words - 9 pages

Policy Paper: Educational ReformBackground:"Our [educational] system is, more than anything, an artifact of our colonial past. For religious dissenters who came to the New World, literacy was essential to religious freedom, enabling them to teach their own beliefs. Religion and Schooling moved in tandem across the Colonies. Many people who didn't like what the local minister was preaching would move on and found their own church, and generally their own school (Miller)." This concept of local control fit in nicely, where education was concerned, when the Constitution was established. No provision was made in the Constitution or the Amendments for federal control of education. "However, the 10th Amendment to the Constitution states that powers not delegated to the federal government 'are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people.' Thus, education becomes a function of the state rather than the federal government (Sass Ed.D.)."In 1843, a gentleman who became known as the "father of public education (Miller)," Horace Mann and his wife combined a "European honeymoon with educational fact-finding (Miller)." Just six years earlier, in 1837, Mann had "become[] Secretary of the newly formed Massachusetts State Board of Education. A visionary educator and proponent of public (or 'free') schools, Mann work[ed] tirelessly for increased funding of public schools and better training for teachers (Sass Ed.D)." This was as a result of how impressed he had become while in Europe, when he visited "Prussian Schools that were the talk of reformers on both sides of the Atlantic (Miller)." He found that "Prussia […] had a system designed from the center. School attendance was compulsory. Teachers were trained at national institutes with the same care that went into training military officers. Their enthusiasm for their subjects was contagious, and their devotion to students evoked reciprocal affection and respect (Miller)." As a result of Mann's experience there and his position as Board of Education Secretary, in 1852, Massachusetts enacted the first American "mandatory attendance law (Sass Ed.D.)," a precursor to all states initiating the same concept by 1918.Unions got in bed with education early, by establishing The National Teachers Association (what became the National Education Association) in 1857, and the American Federation of Teachers in 1916. In 1867, the "Department of Education [was] created in order to help states establish effective school systems (Sass Ed.D)." And, the Progressive Education Association, in 1919, only one year following full acceptance of the compulsory attendance concept, was established "with the goal of reforming American education (Sass Ed.D)." Of most concern, where unionization is involved, are the issues of teacher tenure, pay based on seniority rather than merit, and full pay while laid off under suspension or investigation for suspected wrongdoing. All of these issues are under a microscope under the...

Find Another Essay On Political Science Position Paper on Education Reform

The Ramifications of Government Reform on Education

1774 words - 7 pages afterwards. Enacted by President George Bush in January of 2002, No Child Left Behind is a standards based education reform based on the thesis that setting high standards and establishing measurable goals can improve individual outcomes in education. As a result, states are required to develop assessments on basic skills. These assessments vary and can be given on any subject with varying frequencies. Because the act does not enforce a national

Position Paper on Abortion. Pro Choice

1884 words - 8 pages and should not be the main argument in why abortion should be illegalized. To have a substantial argument, pro-life advocates need to have a science based rather than Catholic opinion based argument on when a fetus becomes human. Furthermore, according to a Women's Issues article on abortion written by Linda Lowen, "nearly all abortions today take place in the first trimester, when the fetus cannot exist independent of its mother. Its health is

Political Ideologies on Education in the UK

2512 words - 11 pages in the education act, the department of education was then obligated to comply with the new legislation. This was achieved by taking on a liberal feminist position to inform its guidelines (Skelton 2010). During the 1980s and 1990s the confines of gender had relaxed due to Conservative education policies, which had given emphasis to choice and standards of exallence, the response by the Conservatives had been to take the schooling system in the

Political Science Paper

1059 words - 5 pages The Senate had to postpone the vote of the extension on jobless aid because seventeen of the senators did not show up because of the weather. They planned to vote for the three-month extension on Wednesday February 5th, 2014. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid received unanimous approval for a postponement from both parties just before the senate was scheduled to hold the test vote. Many Republicans argue a $6.4 billion extension would hurt the

Position Paper on The Police Exception and the Domestic Abuse Law

776 words - 3 pages Position Paper on The Police Exception and the Domestic Abuse LawBeating a spouse is wrong. Fighting is wrong. Domestic Abuse is wrong. This is a very simple concept and lawmakers, police officers, and citizens of our country for years have been in majority agreeance with these concepts. One of the punishments our government has come up with for convicted domestic abusers is revoking the privilege to carry weapons in public. This prevents

Position Paper on Genetics

696 words - 3 pages modified crop varieties (GM foods) have benefits for humans. For example, according to Jeff May from the University of Delaware, GM foods that have a higher content of digestible iron can have a positive health effect on those individuals who are iron-deficient. Advances in biotechnology will probably result in crops with an improved nutritional quality. These crops could be very beneficial to the many people who suffer from malnutrition or

Discuss the historical development of one ethnic group in Malaysia and the impact on its current identity, political position and its perception of other ethnicities in Malaysia

2477 words - 10 pages informal socialization This paper seeks the answer to how is the historical development of the Chinese in Malaysia and the impact on its current identity, political position and its perception of other ethnicities in Malaysia.The society in Malaysia is divided into major ethnic groups, each with its respective racial, religious, linguistic and cultural identities. The ethnic composition of this country comprises two major constitutional categories

A Position Paper on Immigration

608 words - 2 pages substantial cost imposed upon taxpayers, in the short run however, believes that the longer immigrants are here (paying taxes) the better off we will be, at retirement time. Glastris also sites another immigrant family, a migrant Mexican worker who took a job in a Chicago candy factory. This gentleman, goes on to raise a family, who generation after generation, improves their economic situation through higher education. They represent the "American

Position paper on GM Food

1892 words - 8 pages importance and the GMAC is committed to ensure public safety while all risks related to these products are minimized through the establishment of a proper risk assessment framework.GMAC is also monitoring international developments on the labeling of GM products to see how these may be of relevance to Singapore.4. ConclusionAs stated in this paper, genetic modification may be the agriculture technology we need to produce more food for the

Has our Political System Succeeded? Essay for American Govt.teacher. Made an A on this paper

571 words - 2 pages American GovernmentHas our Political System Succeeded?Our political system originally began with the Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson on July 4, 1776. Following that document were the Articles of Confederation, which were adopted in 1777. This was the first attempt to set up a government. Then came our Constitution in 1787, which was made into three plans. These were the Virginia Plan, New Jersey Plan, and then the

This is a research paper on Gregor Mendel and his contributions to science

1062 words - 4 pages variance in plants. He commenced his study in his monastery's experimental garden. Between 1856 and 1863 Mendel cultivated and tested some 28,000 pea plants. His experiments brought forth two generalizations which later became known as Mendel's Laws of Heredity. Ironically, when Mendel's paper was published on 1866, it had little impact. It wasn't until the early 20th century that the enormity of his ideas was realized.During Mendel's lifetime, Brno

Similar Essays

Political Science Paper

2448 words - 10 pages Democrats thought were for the of this country. On January 15th, 2014 the House of Representatives passed the 1582-page 1.1 Trillion Dollar Spending Bill. Republicans were delighted because of the bill's $1 billion cut to an Obamacare fund, while Democrats liked its funding for health research and childhood education. The bill passed the House with 359 yes votes and 67 no votes. The Senate also passed the bill with 72 yes votes and 26 no votes. All

Position Paper On Heroes

701 words - 3 pages Position Paper on Heroes On September 11th 2001, New York City, Washington D.C., and Somerset County, Pennsylvania all came face to face with an unthinkable tragedy. When the emergency response teams were sent out to the sites, they had no idea what they were going to experience. They helped others to safety and then turned right back around to help someone else. These are America’s real heroes. As The United States changes because of these

Position Paper On Affirmative Action

775 words - 3 pages , not only widens the pool of qualified candidates to minorities but also to the white male, who would have otherwise been bypassed because of nepotism, favoritism and other unnecessary narrow criteria (Page, 1999). He also goes on to state affirmative action opens wedges that threaten to replace the basic American melting pot creed with a new "balkanization". My position is that I am in full agreement of affirmative action if it is taking

This Is My Term Paper On Terrorism For Political Science 170. I Received An A On The Paper

1541 words - 6 pages Untitled The many forms of terrorism When discussing the idea of terrorism, one has to see it in its entirety and the differing parts of the world it corresponds to simultaneously. An American citizen would first think of what happened on September 11, 2001 as the pinnacle form of terrorism. If you ask an Israeli or Palestinian citizen, terrorism happens weekly, if not more. I believe that religion unfortunatley has a big