In August of 1961, a barrier was created dividing Germany into two countries: East Germany and West Germany. For the next 28 years this barrier would come to be known as the Berlin Wall, and for that time period it separated families, friends and most importantly freedom. During this time period, political agreements and meetings occurred, social riots and protests took place and military checkpoints were created all in an effort to bring back the once present democracy to all of Germany.
One of the major questions arising after the creation of this wall was whether or not there was political pressure involved. It all began two years before the construction of the Berlin Wall when Khrushchev met at the Moscow reception in 1958. Here he encouraged the military occupation of Berlin and demanded that the Western Powers signed a peace treaty. This peace treaty would recognize the reality of two separated Germanys. After two weeks passed, Khrushchev gave a six month ultimatum to the Western Powers. Simply put, it stated get out of Berlin or the Soviets would sign their own peace treaty with the Eastern side of Germany.
More reasons for the creation of a barrier between East and West Germany arose under the era of Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbahev. Upset with the number of East Berliner’s fleeing to the capitalistic West Berlin; Gorbahev realized he needed to act soon before the population of Germany continued to decrease. His solution to this problem consisted of the creation of the Berlin Wall in August of 1961.
After the wall became a major barrier, the establishment of many political agreements began to occur. On December 17th, 1963 after seven rounds of negotiations, East Berlin officials alongside the Senate of Berlin agreed to grant West Berlin citizens the opportunity to visit relatives in the East for a limited time. Later on September 3rd, 1971, an agreement was reached amid the four powers known as the Berlin Agreement. The four powers consisting of the United Kingdom, France, U.S.S.R. and the United States signed this document regarding Berlin. This certificate allowed the passage of West Berliners to visit East Berlin and the German Democratic Republic. Another major step was taken after the May 1973 agreement. In this situation, Eastern and Western Germany created formal diplomatic ties, which were considered a step in the right direction for many.
Along with political implications, social disputes, protests and riots broke out since the very first day the Berlin Wall had been built. Sunday August 13th, 1961 became known to many as “Stacheldrahtsonntag” or “Barbed Wire Sunday”. This signified the first day with an obstacle separating East and West Germany; however at this time it was much different. On this day, solely a wire obstruction was used to set the precedent and create a line between the two newly established countries. This wire would eventually morph into a dreadful cement barrier. One of the first steps towards violence...