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Political Theory Essay

709 words - 3 pages

Throughout Federalist 10, James Madison argues that we must allow people to separate into groups according to their needs and beliefs regarding the political system of our country. These factions will protect interests and create an elevated government comprised of the most knowledgeable and educated men to protect the citizenry. His arguments reflect his status as a wealthy and educated landowner that must protect himself in the face of the common people. I will argue that Madison’s argument is flawed, which he alludes to in his writing, because he neglects to acknowledge that people are self-interested and therefore, morally corrupt. This self-interest will be the downfall of Madison’s government as private interests take root and the will of the people is ignored in all places but elections.
Human nature cannot be changed, we evolve, we learn but humans interact by finding commonality with others. We create factions through religious ideology, politics, race, gender, and intelligence in an attempt to simplify the world and create a system that we can understand. Madison recognizes this is the cause of factions when he states, “The latent causes of faction are thus shown in the nature of man; and we see them everywhere brought into different degrees of activity, according to different circumstances of civil society.” Rousseau does the same and both acknowledge the that these factions are dangerous because they allow us to oppress each other as is evident throughout history from the enslavement of the Hebrew people to the current battle for equal marital rights by the gay community. These factions create a perpetuating cycle of oppression and hate that is wrong, and legal. Madison is correct in saying that we cannot change the cause of factions, nor should we because it would strip people of key parts of their identities, and is correct in saying that we need to control the effect these factions have.
Madison is in full favor of giving the power of the political system to the minority factions, in part because he hopes this will prevent oppression,...

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