Zionism is a political organization that dated back in the Jewish and Judaism history; however, after 1897, Theodor Herzl is said to have redefined it the political Zionism, hence he is referred by historians as the father of political Zionism. From 1870 to 1897, the Hovevei Zion are said to have created the original 20 Jewish settlement in Palestine. Prior to the incident of the Holocaust, political Zionism main objective was to create a Jewish National Home along with a cultural center within Palestine, this was to assist in Jewish Migration; however, following the Holocaust, it changed its goals into formation of a Jewish State, with this objective being realized through the formation of Israel in 1948.
The influence of political Zionism has declined considerably since formation of Israel that has become stronger day after day; nonetheless, the faction continues to thrive and support the Israel policies, aiding the Jews who were persecuted while encouraging Jews to resettle in Israel. Although, most political parties continue to associate themselves with the political Zionism ideology, the present political environment does not seem to be founded on the principles of political Zionism. Irrespective of that observation, political Zionism has succeeded in increasing the population of Jews living in Israel year after year. Through the efforts of the political Zionism, Israel has remained the only state founded by a population existing in Diaspora. This research paper focuses on the history of political Zionism, the reason why Theodor Herzl played a key role in the political ideology, and an evaluation on whether its goals have been achieved.
Political Zionism is an ideology that was pioneered by Theodor Herzl that was affiliated to Zionism. Its main agenda was to secure a charter to enhance the Jewish National Home in reference to the provisions of the international law. Thus, the Zionist Congress of 1897 that was held as Basle resulted to the formation of a Zionist movement headed by Theodor Herzl, whose agenda was to have the Jewish National Home. Theodor Herzl found the opportunity on the fact that the Ottoman Empire was on the verge of breaking up due to bankruptcy, therefore the he, Theodor Herzl, could create a Jewish National Home in Palestine by advancing a loan to the Turks. More so Theodor Herzl realized that the Turkish Sultans were not willing to surrender Palestine land to them, the Jews. That was despite the fact the Sultans financial position required them to take the money. In addition, the Jewish Financial, who were wealthy were not interested in investing in their empire for various reasons (Medoff 119-123).
Theodor Herzl considered the Jews a political force that was to reckon with, contrary Achad Haam ridiculed his approach. Achad Haam argued that Jews had not reached the threshold of being a political force and could not secure such a declaration, more so, Haam observed that the Jews were a...