Politics And Economy Of Brazil Essay

3559 words - 15 pages

Brazil is an enormous and diverse country with a long and turbulent history, and an economy that reflects this. With the seventh largest GDP in the world and a population of over 200 million, no discussion of Brazil is without political or economic significance, both for its people and for the world as a whole. As such, inequalities in income (also reflected in geography, race and gender) certainly matter, and must be a key concern for those who promote the development of the country; these gaps mean that poor members of society gain nominally less from growth, although figures show relative gains , an outcome which is undesirable for various economic, social and ethical reasons. Brazil’s development gaps, including its flagrantly high income inequality, but also its deficient infrastructure, political and social problems, have deep but traceable origins in political institutions.
Historically, this includes Brazil’s economic focus on extracting and exporting natural resources supported by slave labor, a system which benefitted the few landowners and created long lasting racial problems. With the waves of immigrants in the 20th century and the beginning of the modern era, economic successes and failures were more policy-related than societal as Brazil’s southeast industrialized. Leaders initiated import-substitution strategies that led to a protectionist and industry-heavy environment (as opposed to an agricultural past), with a relatively high amount of government involvement in the marketplace. In the last 20 years, the results of this past are reflected in modern income inequality that is high and persistent over time. Some examples include regressive public transfers like pensions for senior officials which makes up the majority of public spending, or the inequitable distribution of education where only one third of the population has postsecondary training. Perhaps most relevant to this argument, however, is the high-skill wage differential, in other words the premium for skilled labor which has arisen as a results of technological change, emphasis on capital-intensive industries, and a relative shortage of highly skilled labor ; the combined effect of these conditions form the primary argument of this paper, which seeks to explain how these inequalities, spawned from past and current economic policies, continue to drive Brazil down a troublesome path to development.
THE 20TH CENTURY: LAYING THE GROUNDWORK FOR INDUSTRIALIZATION
While the shift away from the primary-sector, agrarian economy happened somewhat later than in most developing countries, Brazil, in particular the south-east region, was quick to embrace industrialization, especially at the beginning of the 20th century (so much, in fact, that the government began importing workers from Italy, Germany and Japan to work in its newly government-syndicated factories and production plants). Although inputs were labor-intensive compared to the same industries today, Brazil as a whole...

Find Another Essay On Politics and Economy of Brazil

On Politics and Identity in Latin American Cinema In regards to the films of Peru, Brazil, Argentina, and Cuba

1345 words - 5 pages Latin American films often take us by surprise for their candid criticism of the state of their nations and its politics. In the States, we rarely attack contemporary problems that our nation is faced with, generally creating fictional premises or using historical events that have already been subjected to pubic condemnation. The recent memories of dramatic political upheaval and huge gaps in the welfare of the people in countries such as Brazil

THE ECONOMY AND POLITICS: AN INSEPARABLE PAIR

833 words - 4 pages 2. Introduction Has the post 1994 South African government succeeded in improving the economic status of previously disadvantage groups? In the following essay I will be discussing the co dependence of the economy and politics in South Africa. 3. Shift in political power After 27 April 1994 South Africa was challenged with enormous economic and political transformation. The power of political dominance now lied with the previously

Import and Export trade of Brazil

3741 words - 15 pages future trade policy are summarize in a prioritized order.2.0 Brazil- An OverviewBrazil, a country of 162 million inhabitants with a massive gross domestic product (GDP) of more than US$977 billion, is the largest economy in Latin America and the 10th largest in the world. Real GDP growth was approximately 3 percent in 2000, still in welcome comparing with the slowdown real growth in 1999. The Inflation has been kept in line with the Government's

The History and Beauty of Brazil

734 words - 3 pages , Brazil provided nearly 75 percent of the world's supply of coffee. After independence from Portugal in 1822, Brazil expanded its production of rubber, sugar, and gold. Brazil also created manufacturing industries. As of the late 1990s, Brazil was the world's tenth-largest economy. However, not all Brazilians have prospered along with the economy; some Brazilians live in utter poverty. (Brownsdon, R. 2013) Form of government & Political Structure

Impact of Slavery in Brazil and Haiti

1323 words - 5 pages 2008 Hamre, Bonnie. "Brazil's independence Day." About. Oct 23 2008 "Political and economic History of Haiti." San Jose State University. Oct 23 2008 "Haiti - the economy." Mongabay. Oct 23 2008 "Haiti." InfoPlease. Oct 23 2008 "The Coffee economy 1840 - 1930. Countrystudies. Oct 23 2008 Wagner, Phillip. "Sugar and blood". Brazzil Magazine. April 2002. Oct 23 2008 Rohter, Larry. "Slavery in Brazil". Race and History. March 29, 2002. Oct 23 2008 Corbett, Bob. "The Haitian revolution". Webster. Oct 23 2008

Markets, Politics, and Globalization: Can The Global Economy Be Civilized?

8279 words - 33 pages processing. Although these developments have not affected all countries or people uniformly, the world has for many become a much smaller place. References to our "global village" or "spaceship Earth" or, more prosaically, "the global economy" capture the reality that actions and decisions in one part of the world have greater impact on other parts of humanity and do so with greater speed than was experienced in years past. The behavior of the

Economics, Politics and (International) Political Economy: The Need For a Balanced Diet in An Era of Globalisation

6749 words - 27 pages economists, some would argue, it has been missing since the development of the marginalist revolution after 1870 when political economy became a theory of choice under constraint in which 'economics is a way of acting and politics is a place to act'.( n2) Once the bifurcation was established, economists and political scientists went their separate merry ways throughout the twentieth century. But, without overestimating the current and still limited

Tragedy of Deforestation in Brazil and Indonesia

1732 words - 7 pages species of animals and plants will become extinct and if we continue with the destruction of our forests, earth will be unable to sustain life. Countries such as Brazil and Indonesia have been greatly affected by deforestation with well over two million hectares of naturally forested land now rendered barren (See appendix 1). HISTORY OF DEFORESTATION Deforestation began with man’s ability to manipulate his environment. Wood has always been

This essay discusses the importance and effects of the potato throughout history, both positive and negative. Economy, politics, folklore and much more are talked about in detail

583 words - 2 pages bad living conditions. Another effect of the potato damage was price inflation, due to there past capitalistic approach on the economy. This is similar to Spain and the Ming dynasty during the time of the silver trade. The Spanish and Chinese were so dependent on silver that once this product had lost its value, both nations went into decline. With the price inflation, destitute farmers were not able to pay rent to their landlords, causing their

Politics of and Without Difference

1471 words - 6 pages Politics of and Without Difference The sociological concepts of "Politics of Difference" and "Politics Without Difference" are more similar than their names suggest, but they are at the same time extremely different. Both political ideals come from progressive civil rights principles beginning during the Enlightenment in Europe and evolving throughout The Civil Rights Movement in the United States in the 60's. The fundamental basis of the two

AGRIBUSINESS: BENEFITS AND CONCERNS OF CHINA'S SOEs IN BRAZIL

1871 words - 8 pages market for Brazil. The opportunities are found not only in soybeans, which is the export star product of Brazil, but could also be found in corn and even meat exportations. The evident growth of China's economy and its insatiable demand for food will still be present whether or not Brazil decides to accept the entrance of SOEs in national territory. If not, China will seek cooperation with other natural resources countries as it has previously

Similar Essays

Economy Of Brazil Essay

1470 words - 6 pages billion with an average growth of 3.2%. The per capita income is $4,820; these numbers are quite typical for a Latin American country. (3) The Economy During the Pre-Colonial Period European colonialism basically developed the economy in Brazil. The territory that comprises modern Brazil had a native population in the millions, divided among hundreds of tribes and language groups. Their ancestors have lived in this land for as long as 30,000

Brazil And The Global Economy Essay

1804 words - 7 pages Brazil is the largest economy in Latin America and has sought to become a significant economic power in the region. Brazil's goal been aided greatly by the countries recent radical change in economic priorities and its large agricultural and industrial sectors which have allowed it to become a major exporter of goods. The Brazilian government has been at the forefront of these reforms, taking an active role in negotiating trade agreements with

The Politics, Religion And Economy Of Afghanistan

1366 words - 6 pages Politics: In April 2014, electorates in Afghanistan will cast their polls in what is seemingly the most significant decision since the fall of the Taliban in 2001. A smooth political move will hinge on upon the accomplishment of both the presidential and the commonplace chamber challenges. As universal security powers are planned to leave the nation by the finish of2014, it is considerably more discriminating that the decision procedure help

China: History, Politics And Economy Of This Great Country

2609 words - 10 pages largest economy and an average economic growth rate of 9.5 percent over 26 years (China Economy). Agriculture constitutes 10.9 percent of the economic sector in China. As mentioned earlier, 90 percent of China’s land is not suitable for cultivation. However, of the 812.7 million in China’s labor force, the majority of workers, 39.5 percent, are in the agriculture sector. Services make up about 40.5 percent of China’s economy (CIA - The World