Politics of the People touches on a multitude of topics discussed this term. The article brings to light the issues in South America. Specifically in the Amazon, surrounding big oil companies, the destruction of land and environment, and the destitution of the people of Ecuador and how the people and NGO's have taken action to fight it.
In this territory of the Amazon according to Judith Kimerling, “the oil spills and contamination of this region of Ecuador equal or supersedes those of the 1989 Alaskan Exxon Valdez oil spill.”(81). What this means is that this area has been polluted greatly and since 1993 the inhabitants of this territory have been fighting big oil. The land is unusable with that level of pollution.
This land has been taken over by OCP's which are large pipelines running through the land to transport oil, this is a fantastic example of the industrialization of a 3rd world country. An NGO by the name of Accion Ecologica was one of the groups that early on spoke out in recognition of the devastation happening to the land.
The devastation of the land in Ecuador reminds me of a film about fracking I saw and how the people who lived on the land were the first to notice the problems with big companies taking over the natural resources. In the article they spoke of “large flames that soar through the sky, creating an immense heat and loud, searing noises.”(82). This is just one example of the inconvenience of the developing oil company in the Territory. Additionally the people live on this land have been speaking out and noting they are having health problems and that it is spreading to the animals, one man's home was destroyed by an explosion of a pipeline behind his home (82).
Due to these extreme concerns people for many years have been trying to take action, Accion Ecologica discussed how before 1992 oil companies would bury their crude oil in septic tanks underground (83), this of course has cause a significant amount of damage. The people of Ecuador rely heavily on the ability to farm and with the toxicity of the land they are unable to do so, thus promoting poverty. People of this region of risen up in protest, some part of NGO's others MNC's and in a more unorganized fashion but all with a similar message, “No more destruction of our land”, this on banners and balloons of the people who are fed up.
This discontent with the government and oil companies in Ecuador stretches past the borders of its sovereign territory, in 2006 Ecuador severed ties with Occidental Oil Company disagreements on tax. This act on Ecuador's part led to the United States discontinuing free trade agreements. While understandable the United States was displeased with Ecuador's actions, US once again has decided to decide what is right and wrong in another countries policies But because so many had called for “social justice and antiglobalization” (85), “Dad” aka the Hegemon (United States) stepped in as usual.
In addition to the United...